357 research outputs found

    IgM Anti MAG¬Ī Peripheral Neuropathy (IMAGiNe) Study Protocol: An international, observational, prospective registry of patients with IgM M-protein Peripheral Neuropathies

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    Background: International consensus on IgM ¬Īanti-MAG¬ĪPNP (IgM PNP) is lacking. Despite increasing interest in clinical trials, validated disease-specific measures are needed to adequately capture limitations and changes over time. The IMAGiNe (IgM ¬Ī Anti-Myelin Associated Glycoprotein [MAG] peripheral Neuropathy) study surges as an international collaboration to create a standardized registry of patients with IgM ¬Īanti-MAG PNP. The consortium, which currently consists of 11 institutions from 7 countries, presents here the IMAGiNe study design and protocol. Aims: Functional outcome measures will be constructed at the level of impairment, as well as activity and participation. We aim to describe the natural history of the cohort, the role of anti-MAG antibodies, the presence of clinical subtypes and potential biomarkers. Methods: The IMAGiNe study is a prospective, observational cohort study with a 3‚ÄČyears follow-up. At each assessment, researchers collect clinical data and subjects complete a list of pre-selected outcome measures. Among these, the 'Pre-Rasch-built Overall Disability Scale (Pre-RODS)' questionnaire will be submitted to Rasch analysis to assess classic and modern clinimetric requirements. Results: The final measures will include the IgM-PNP-specific RODS and Ataxia Rating Scale (IgM-PNP-ARS). Descriptions of the disease course, clinical heterogeneity, treatment regimes, variations in laboratory values and antibody titers, will help reach consensus on diagnosis and follow-up strategies. Conclusion: The constructed interval scales will be cross-culturally valid and suitable for use in future clinical trials and daily practice. The ultimate goals are to improve functional individualized assessment, reach international consensus, and lay the foundations for successful designs in future studies

    The evolving landscape of COVID‚Äź19 and post‚ÄźCOVID condition in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia: A study by ERIC, the European research initiative on CLL

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    In this retrospective international multicenter study, we describe the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and related disorders (small lymphocytic lymphoma and high-count monoclonal B lymphocytosis) infected by SARS-CoV-2, including the development of post-COVID condition. Data from 1540 patients with CLL infected by SARS-CoV-2 from January 2020 to May 2022 were included in the analysis and assigned to four phases based on cases disposition and SARS-CoV-2 variants emergence. Post-COVID condition was defined according to the WHO criteria. Patients infected during the most recent phases of the pandemic, though carrying a higher comorbidity burden, were less often hospitalized, rarely needed intensive care unit admission, or died compared to patients infected during the initial phases. The 4-month overall survival (OS) improved through the phases, from 68% to 83%, p‚ÄČ=‚ÄČ.0015. Age, comorbidity, CLL-directed treatment, but not vaccination status, emerged as risk factors for mortality. Among survivors, 6.65% patients had a reinfection, usually milder than the initial one, and 16.5% developed post-COVID condition. The latter was characterized by fatigue, dyspnea, lasting cough, and impaired concentration. Infection severity was the only risk factor for developing post-COVID. The median time to resolution of the post-COVID condition was 4.7‚ÄČmonths. OS in patients with CLL improved during the different phases of the pandemic, likely due to the improvement of prophylactic and therapeutic measures against SARS-CoV-2 as well as the emergence of milder variants. However, mortality remained relevant and a significant number of patients developed post-COVID conditions, warranting further investigations

    Do GWAS-Identified Risk Variants for Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Influence Overall Patient Survival and Disease Progression?

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    Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most common leukemia among adults worldwide. Although genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have uncovered the germline genetic component underlying CLL susceptibility, the potential use of GWAS-identified risk variants to predict disease progression and patient survival remains unexplored. Here, we evaluated whether 41 GWAS-identified risk variants for CLL could influence overall survival (OS) and disease progression, defined as time to first treatment (TTFT) in a cohort of 1039 CLL cases ascertained through the CRuCIAL consortium. Although this is the largest study assessing the effect of GWAS-identified susceptibility variants for CLL on OS, we only found a weak association of ten single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with OS (p p < 0.05); however, these did not reach the multiple testing significance threshold, and the meta-analysis with previous published data did not confirm any of the associations. As expected, PRSs built with these SNPs showed reduced accuracy in prediction of disease progression (AUROC = 0.62). These results suggest that susceptibility variants for CLL do not impact overall survival and disease progression in CLL patients

    High rate of durable responses with undetectable minimal residual disease with frontline venetoclax and rituximab in young and fit patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia and an adverse biologic profile: results of the gimema phase II LLC1518 - 'Veritas' study

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    : The GIMEMA phase II LLC1518 VERITAS trial investigated the efficacy and safety of frontline, fixed-duration venetoclax and rituximab (VenR) combination in young (‚ȧ65 years) and fit patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and unmutated IGHV and/or TP53 disruption. Treatment consisted of the Ven ramp-up, six-monthly courses of the VenR combination, followed by six monthly courses of Ven single agent. A centralized assessment of measurable minimal residual disease (MRD) was performed on the peripheral blood (PB) and bone marrow (BM) by ASO-PCR at the end of treatment (EOT) and during the follow-up. The primary endpoint was the complete remission (CR) rate at the EOT. Seventy-five patients were enrolled; the median age was 54 years (range 38-65), 96% had unmutated IGHV, 9 (12%) had TP53 disruption, and 4% were IGHV mutated with TP53 disruption. The overall response rate (ORR) at the EOT was 94.7%, with a CR rate of 76%. An undetectable (u) MRD was recorded in 69.3% of patients in the PB and 58.7% in the BM. The 12-month MRD-free survival in the 52 patients with uMRD in the PB at the EOT was 73.1%. After a median follow-up of 20.8 months, no disease progressions were observed. Three patients have died, two due to Covid-19 and 1 to tumor lysis syndrome. The first report of the VERITAS study shows that frontline VenR was associated with a high rate of CRs and durable responses with uMRD in young patients with CLL and unfavorable genetic characteristics

    Effects of the BTN162b2 mRNA COVID-19 vaccine in humoral and cellular immunity in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia

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    Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), the most common leukemia in the western countries, is characterized by immunosuppression due to disease itself and cytotoxic treatments. Since the beginning of COVID-19 pandemic, patients with CLL appear to be a vulnerable population. In addition, phase III mRNA vaccine trials did not provide information about the efficacy in immunocomprised population. In CLL, the antibody-mediated response to SARS-CoV-2 vaccine is impaired. The goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of SARS-CoV-2 vaccination on humoral immune response and on cellular immunity in CLL patients. Humoral immune response to BNT162b2 messenger RNA COVID-19 vaccine was evaluated in 44 CLL patients comprising 20 treatment-na√Įve, 14 under treatment with ibrutinib and 10 in follow-up after completion of therapy. A positive serological response to SARS-CoV-2 vaccination with IgG titers higher than 13&nbsp;UA/ml was detected in 54.6% of CLL patients with a higher response in patients who obtained remission after treatment. Reduced antibody response was detected in patients under ibrutinib treatment. T-cell response to overlapping pool of peptides representing the spike region was assessed in paired CLL samples collected before and after 1&nbsp;month from the second dose of COVID-19 vaccine in treatment-na√Įve and ibrutinib-treated CLL patients using cytokine secretion assay. Both CD3+ CD4+ and CD3+ CD8+ T cells are able to mount a cellular response to spike peptides with secretion of IFNő≥ and TNFőĪ before and after vaccination in both treatment na√Įve and ibrutinib-treated patients and this cellular immune response is independent by COVID-19 vaccination. Collectively, T cell response to spike peptides appeared more blunted in CLL patients under treatment with ibrutinib compared to untreated ones. Our study supports the need for optimization of vaccination strategy to achieve an adequate immune response keeping strict preventive measures by CLL patients against COVID-19

    Early palliative care versus usual haematological care in multiple myeloma: retrospective cohort study

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    Objectives Although early palliative care (EPC) is beneficial in acute myeloid leukaemia, little is known about EPC value in multiple myeloma (MM). We compared quality indicators for palliative and end of life (EOL) care in patients with MM receiving EPC with those of patients who received usual haematological care (UHC).Methods This observational, retrospective study was based on 290 consecutive patients with MM. The following indicators were abstracted: providing psychological support, assessing/managing pain, discussing goals of care, promoting advance care plan, accessing home care services; no anti MM treatment within 14 and 30 days and hospice length of stay &gt;7 days before death; no cardiopulmonary resuscitation, no intubation, &lt;2 hospitalisations and emergency department visits within 30 days before death. Comparisons were performed using unadjusted and confounder adjusted regression models.Results 55 patients received EPC and 231 UHC. Compared with UHC patients, EPC patients had a significantly higher number of quality indicators of care (mean 2.62 +/- 1.25 vs 1.12 +/- 0.95; p&lt;0.0001)); a significant reduction of pain intensity over time (p&lt;0.01) and a trend towards reduced aggressiveness at EOL, with the same survival (5.3 vs 5.46 years; p=0.74)).Conclusions Our data support the value of integrating EPC into MM routine practice and lay the groundwork for future prospective comparative studies

    Do GWAS-identified risk variants for chronic lymphocytic leukemia influence overall patient survival and disease progression?

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    Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most common leukemia among adults worldwide. Although genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have uncovered the germline genetic component underlying CLL susceptibility, the potential use of GWAS-identified risk variants to predict disease progression and patient survival remains unexplored. Here, we evaluated whether 41 GWAS-identified risk variants for CLL could influence overall survival (OS) and disease progression, defined as time to first treatment (TTFT) in a cohort of 1039 CLL cases ascertained through the CRuCIAL consortium. Although this is the largest study assessing the effect of GWAS-identified susceptibility variants for CLL on OS, we only found a weak association of ten single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with OS (p < 0.05) that did not remain significant after correction for multiple testing. In line with these results, polygenic risk scores (PRSs) built with these SNPs in the CRuCIAL cohort showed a modest association with OS and a low capacity to predict patient survival, with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) of 0.57. Similarly, seven SNPs were associated with TTFT (p < 0.05); however, these did not reach the multiple testing significance threshold, and the meta-analysis with previous published data did not confirm any of the associations. As expected, PRSs built with these SNPs showed reduced accuracy in prediction of disease progression (AUROC = 0.62). These results suggest that susceptibility variants for CLL do not impact overall survival and disease progression in CLL patients.Funding: This work was supported by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program, N◦ 856620 and by grants from the Instituto de Salud Carlos III and FEDER (Madrid, Spain; PI17/02256 and PI20/01845) and from the Consejería de Transformación Económica, Industria, Conocimiento y Universidades y FEDER (PY20/01282). “The Mayo studies in InterLymph were supported in part by the US National Cancer Institute grants P50 CA97274 and R01 CA92153.

    High rate of durable responses with undetectable minimal residual disease with front-line venetoclax and rituximab in young, fit patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia and an adverse biological profile: results of the GIMEMA phase II LLC1518 ‚Äď VERITAS study

    No full text
    The GIMEMA phase II LLC1518 VERITAS trial investigated the efficacy and safety of front-line, fixed-duration venetoclax and rituximab (VenR) in combination in young (‚ȧ65 years), fit patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia and unmutated IGHV and/or TP53 disruption. Treatment consisted of the venetoclax ramp-up, six monthly courses of the VenR combination, followed by six monthly courses of venetoclax as a single agent. A centralized assessment of minimal residual disease (MRD) was performed by allele-specific oligonucleotide polymerase chain reaction assay on the peripheral blood and bone marrow at the end of treatment (EOT) and during the follow-up. The primary endpoint was the complete remission rate at the EOT. Seventy-five patients were enrolled; the median age was 54 years (range, 38-65), 96% had unmutated IGHV, 12% had TP53 disruption, and 4% had mutated IGHV with TP53 disruption. The overall response rate at the EOT was 94.7%, with a complete remission rate of 76%. MRD was undetectable in the peripheral blood of 69.3% of patients and in the bone marrow of 58.7% of patients. The 12-month MRD-free survival in the 52 patients with undetectable MRD in the peripheral blood at the EOT was 73.1%. After a median follow-up of 20.8 months, no cases of disease progression were observed. Three patients had died, two due to COVID-19 and one due to tumor lysis syndrome. The first report of the VERITAS study shows that front-line VenR was associated with a high rate of complete remissions and durable response with undetectable MRD in young patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia and unfavorable genetic characteristics. ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT03455517

    The evolving landscape of COVID-19 and post-COVID condition in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia: A study by ERIC, the European research initiative on CLL

    No full text
    : In this retrospective international multicenter study, we describe the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and related disorders (small lymphocytic lymphoma and high-count monoclonal B lymphocytosis) infected by SARS-CoV-2, including the development of post-COVID condition. Data from 1540 patients with CLL infected by SARS-CoV-2 from January 2020 to May 2022 were included in the analysis and assigned to four phases based on cases disposition and SARS-CoV-2 variants emergence. Post-COVID condition was defined according to the WHO criteria. Patients infected during the most recent phases of the pandemic, though carrying a higher comorbidity burden, were less often hospitalized, rarely needed intensive care unit admission, or died compared to patients infected during the initial phases. The 4-month overall survival (OS) improved through the phases, from 68% to 83%, p‚ÄČ=‚ÄČ.0015. Age, comorbidity, CLL-directed treatment, but not vaccination status, emerged as risk factors for mortality. Among survivors, 6.65% patients had a reinfection, usually milder than the initial one, and 16.5% developed post-COVID condition. The latter was characterized by fatigue, dyspnea, lasting cough, and impaired concentration. Infection severity was the only risk factor for developing post-COVID. The median time to resolution of the post-COVID condition was 4.7‚ÄČmonths. OS in patients with CLL improved during the different phases of the pandemic, likely due to the improvement of prophylactic and therapeutic measures against SARS-CoV-2 as well as the emergence of milder variants. However, mortality remained relevant and a significant number of patients developed post-COVID conditions, warranting further investigations
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