35,414 research outputs found

### Symmetry Breaking Using Value Precedence

We present a comprehensive study of the use of value precedence constraints
to break value symmetry. We first give a simple encoding of value precedence
into ternary constraints that is both efficient and effective at breaking
symmetry. We then extend value precedence to deal with a number of
generalizations like wreath value and partial interchangeability. We also show
that value precedence is closely related to lexicographical ordering. Finally,
we consider the interaction between value precedence and symmetry breaking
constraints for variable symmetries.Comment: 17th European Conference on Artificial Intelligenc

### Quality determination of liquid-solid hydrogen mixtures

Quality determinations of liquid-solid hydrogen mixtures from mass fraction of vapor pumped off in freeze-thaw proces

### New Types of Thermodynamics from $(1+1)$-Dimensional Black Holes

For normal thermodynamic systems superadditivity $\S$, homogeneity \H and
concavity \C of the entropy hold, whereas for $(3+1)$-dimensional black holes
the latter two properties are violated. We show that $(1+1)$-dimensional black
holes exhibit qualitatively new types of thermodynamic behaviour, discussed
here for the first time, in which \C always holds, \H is always violated
and $\S$ may or may not be violated, depending of the magnitude of the black
hole mass. Hence it is now seen that neither superadditivity nor concavity
encapsulate the meaning of the second law in all situations.Comment: WATPHYS-TH93/05, Latex, 10 pgs. 1 figure (available on request), to
appear in Class. Quant. Gra

### Dynamical N-body Equlibrium in Circular Dilaton Gravity

We obtain a new exact equilibrium solution to the N-body problem in a
one-dimensional relativistic self-gravitating system. It corresponds to an
expanding/contracting spacetime of a circle with N bodies at equal proper
separations from one another around the circle. Our methods are
straightforwardly generalizable to other dilatonic theories of gravity, and
provide a new class of solutions to further the study of (relativistic)
one-dimensional self-gravitating systems.Comment: 4 pages, latex, reference added, minor changes in wordin

### Exact Solutions of Relativistic Two-Body Motion in Lineal Gravity

We develop the canonical formalism for a system of $N$ bodies in lineal
gravity and obtain exact solutions to the equations of motion for N=2. The
determining equation of the Hamiltonian is derived in the form of a
transcendental equation, which leads to the exact Hamiltonian to infinite order
of the gravitational coupling constant. In the equal mass case explicit
expressions of the trajectories of the particles are given as the functions of
the proper time, which show characteristic features of the motion depending on
the strength of gravity (mass) and the magnitude and sign of the cosmological
constant. As expected, we find that a positive cosmological constant has a
repulsive effect on the motion, while a negative one has an attractive effect.
However, some surprising features emerge that are absent for vanishing
cosmological constant. For a certain range of the negative cosmological
constant the motion shows a double maximum behavior as a combined result of an
induced momentum-dependent cosmological potential and the gravitational
attraction between the particles. For a positive cosmological constant, not
only bounded motions but also unbounded ones are realized. The change of the
metric along the movement of the particles is also exactly derived.Comment: 37 pages, Latex, 24 figure

### Quark-lepton symmetry and complementarity

We argue that the difference between the observed approximate quark-lepton
complementarity and the theoretical prediction based on realistic quark-lepton
symmetry within the seesaw mechanism may be adjusted by means of a triplet
contribution in the seesaw formula.Comment: 7 pages, RevTex

### Systematic innovation and the underlying principles behind TRIZ and TOC

Innovative developments in the design of product and manufacturing systems are often marked by simplicity, at least in retrospect, that has previously been shrouded by restrictive mental models or limited knowledge transfer. These innovative developments are often associated with the breaking of long established trade-off compromises, as in the paradigm shift associated with JIT & TQM, or the resolution of design contradictions, as in the case of the dual cyclone vacuum cleaner. The rate of change in technology and the commercial environment suggests the opportunity for innovative developments is accelerating, but what systematic support is there to guide this innovation process. This paper brings together two parallel, but independent theories on inventive problem solving; one in mechanical engineering, namely the Russian Theory of Inventive Problem Solving (TRIZ) and the other originating in manufacturing management as the Theory of Constraints (TOC). The term systematic innovation is used to describe the use of common underlying principles within these two approaches. The paper focuses on the significance of trade-off contradictions to innovation in these two fields and explores their relationship with manufacturing strategy development

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