526,463 research outputs found

    Quark Mass Matrices from a Softly Broken U(1) Symmetry

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    Assigning U(1) charges to the quarks of the standard model, and allowing one extra scalar doublet with m^2 > 0, the correct pattern of the up and down quark mass matrices is obtained, together with their charged-current mixing matrix.Comment: 10 pages, no figur

    A catalog of Kazarian galaxies

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    The entire Kazarian galaxies (KG) catalog is presented which combines extensive new measurements of their optical parameters with a literature and database search. The measurements were made using images extracted from the STScI Digitized Sky Survey (DSS) of Jpg(blue), Fpg(red) and Ipg(NIR) band photographic sky survey plates obtained by the Palomar and UK Schmidt telescopes. We provide accurate coordinates, morphological type, spectral and activity classes, blue apparent diameters, axial ratios, position angles, red, blue and NIR apparent magnitudes, as well as counts of neighboring objects in a circle of radius 50 kpc from centers of KG. Special attention was paid to the individual descriptions of the galaxies in the original Kazarian lists, which clarified many cases of misidentifications of the objects, particularly among interacting systems. The total number of individual Kazarian objects in the database is now 706. We also include the redshifts which are now available for 404 galaxies and the 2MASS infrared magnitudes for 598 KG. The database also includes extensive notes, which summarize information about the membership of KG in different systems of galaxies, and about revised activity classes and redshifts. An atlas of several interesting subclasses of KG is also presented.Comment: 15 pages, 5 figures, 1 table, Accepted in Astrophysics, Vol. 53, No. 1, 2010 (English translation of Astrofizika

    Phase Transitions for the Brusselator Model

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    Dynamic phase transitions of the Brusselator model is carefully analyzed, leading to a rigorous characterization of the types and structure of the phase transitions of the model from basic homogeneous states. The study is based on the dynamic transition theory developed recently by the authors

    Plato's Fire and the Neutrino Mass Matrix

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    With the accumulation of many years of solar and atmospheric neutrino oscillation data, the approximate form of the 3 X 3 neutrino mixing matrix is now known. The theoretical challenge is to understand where this mixing matrix comes from. Recently, a remarkable fact was discovered that for a specific pattern of the neutrino mass matrix at a high scale, any flavor-changing radiative correction will automatically lead to the desired mixing matrix. It was also discovered that the required specific pattern at the high scale can be maintained by the non-Abelian discrete symmetry A_4 which is also the symmetry group of the regular tetrahedron, one of five perfect geometric solids known to Plato who associated it with the element ``fire''. I discuss this recent development and add to it a new and very simple mechanism for the implementation of the flavor-changing radiative correction.Comment: 12 pages, to appear as a Brief Review in MPL

    Exceeding the MSSM Higgs Mass Bound in a Special Class of U(1) Gauge Models

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    A special class of supersymmetric U(1) gauge extensions of the standard model was proposed in 2002. It is anomaly-free, has no mu term, and conserves baryon and lepton numbers automatically. It also allows the lightest Higgs boson to have a mass exceeding the MSSM (Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model) bound, i.e. about 130 GeV, which is of current topical interest from LHC (Large Hadron Collider) data. This and other new aspects of this 2002 proposal are discussed.Comment: 10 pages, 2 tables, version to appear in PL