53,323 research outputs found

    Performance of the local reconstruction algorithms for the CMS hadron calorimeter with Run 2 data

    Get PDF
    A description is presented of the algorithms used to reconstruct energy deposited in the CMS hadron calorimeter during Run 2 (2015–2018) of the LHC. During Run 2, the characteristic bunch-crossing spacing for proton-proton collisions was 25 ns, which resulted in overlapping signals from adjacent crossings. The energy corresponding to a particular bunch crossing of interest is estimated using the known pulse shapes of energy depositions in the calorimeter, which are measured as functions of both energy and time. A variety of algorithms were developed to mitigate the effects of adjacent bunch crossings on local energy reconstruction in the hadron calorimeter in Run 2, and their performance is compared

    Identification of a Novel Variant <i>c.163delG</i> in <i>HBB</i> Gene Resulting in a Beta Null Phenotype in a Proband with Thalassemia Intermedia

    No full text
    A 21-year-old patient presented with a previous medical history of pallor, mild icterus, increased fatigue, low hemoglobin, and abnormal hemoglobin variant analysis with more than 70 transfusions. He was referred for genetic analysis to identify the pathogenic variations in the ÎČ-globin gene. Sanger’s sequencing of the proband and his family revealed the presence of a novel frame shift variant HBB:c.163delG in a compound heterozygous state with hemoglobin E (HbE) (HBB:c.79G > A) variant. The father and the sibling of the patient were found to be normal for the HBB gene. Mother was found to be heterozygous for HbE (HBB:c.79G > A) variant. In silico analysis by Mutalyzer predicted that c.163delG variant generated a premature stop codon after seven codons, leading to a truncated protein. FoldX protein stability analysis showed a positive ΔΔG value of 45.27 kcal/mol suggesting a decrease in protein stability. HBB:c.79G > A is a known variant coding for HbE variant, which results in the reduced synthesis of ÎČ-globin chain and shows mild thalassemia. Combined effect of HBB:c.163delG and HBB:c.79G > A variants in the proband might have led to the reduced synthesis of ÎČ-globin chains resulting in a thalassemia intermedia type of clinical manifestation.</p

    Correlates of breakthrough COVID-19 in vaccinated patients with systemic sclerosis: survival analysis from a multicentre international patient-reported survey

    No full text
    This study aimed to assess&nbsp;the incidence, predictors, and outcomes of breakthrough infection (BI) following coronavirus disease (COVID-19) vaccination in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc), a risk group associated with an immune-suppressed state and high cardiopulmonary disease burden. Cross-sectional data from fully vaccinated respondents with SSc, non-SSc autoimmune rheumatic diseases (AIRDs), and healthy controls (HCs) were extracted from the COVAD database, an international self-reported online survey. BI was defined according to the Centre for Disease Control definition. Infection-free survival was compared between the groups using Kaplan–Meier curves with log-rank tests. Cox proportional regression was used to assess the association between BI and age, sex, ethnicity, and immunosuppressive drugs at the time of vaccination. The severity of BI in terms of hospitalization and requirement for oxygen supplementation was compared between groups. Of 10,900 respondents, 6836 fulfilled the following inclusion criteria: 427 SSc, 2934 other AIRDs, and 3475 HCs. BI were reported in 6.3% of SSc, 6.9% of non-SSc AIRD, and 16.1% of HCs during a median follow-up of 100 (IQR: 60–137) days. SSc had a lower risk for BI than HC [hazard ratio (HR): 0.56 (95% CI 0.46–0.74)]. BIs were associated with age [HR: 0.98 (0.97–0.98)] but not ethnicity or immunosuppressive drugs at the time of vaccination. Patients with SSc were more likely to have asymptomatic COVID-19, but symptomatic patients reported more breathlessness. Hospitalization [SSc: 4 (14.8%), HCs: 37 (6.6%), non-SSc AIRDs: 32(15.8%)] and the need for oxygenation [SSc: 1 (25%); HC: 17 (45.9%); non-SSc AIRD: 13 (40.6%)] were similar between the groups. The incidence of BI in SSc was lower than that in HCs but comparable to that in non-SSc AIRDs. The severity of BI did not differ between the groups. Advancing age, but not ethnicity or immunosuppressive medication use, was associated with BIs