772 research outputs found

    Hemicolectomy versus appendectomy for patients with appendiceal neuroendocrine tumours 1–2 cm in size: a retrospective, Europe-wide, pooled cohort study

    No full text
    Background: Awareness of the potential global overtreatment of patients with appendiceal neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) of 1–2 cm in size by performing oncological resections is increasing, but the rarity of this tumour has impeded clear recommendations to date. We aimed to assess the malignant potential of appendiceal NETs of 1–2 cm in size in patients with or without right-sided hemicolectomy. Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, we pooled data from 40 hospitals in 15 European countries for patients of any age and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status with a histopathologically confirmed appendiceal NET of 1–2 cm in size who had a complete resection of the primary tumour between Jan 1, 2000, and Dec 31, 2010. Patients either had an appendectomy only or an appendectomy with oncological right-sided hemicolectomy or ileocecal resection. Predefined primary outcomes were the frequency of distant metastases and tumour-related mortality. Secondary outcomes included the frequency of regional lymph node metastases, the association between regional lymph node metastases and histopathological risk factors, and overall survival with or without right-sided hemicolectomy. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to estimate the relative all-cause mortality hazard associated with right-sided hemicolectomy compared with appendectomy alone. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03852693. Findings: 282 patients with suspected appendiceal tumours were identified, of whom 278 with an appendiceal NET of 1–2 cm in size were included. 163 (59%) had an appendectomy and 115 (41%) had a right-sided hemicolectomy, 110 (40%) were men, 168 (60%) were women, and mean age at initial surgery was 36·0 years (SD 18·2). Median follow-up was 13·0 years (IQR 11·0–15·6). After centralised histopathological review, appendiceal NETs were classified as a possible or probable primary tumour in two (1%) of 278 patients with distant peritoneal metastases and in two (1%) 278 patients with distant metastases in the liver. All metastases were diagnosed synchronously with no tumour-related deaths during follow-up. Regional lymph node metastases were found in 22 (20%) of 112 patients with right-sided hemicolectomy with available data. On the basis of histopathological risk factors, we estimated that 12·8% (95% CI 6·5 –21·1) of patients undergoing appendectomy probably had residual regional lymph node metastases. Overall survival was similar between patients with appendectomy and right-sided hemicolectomy (adjusted hazard ratio 0·88 [95% CI 0·36–2·17]; p=0·71). Interpretation: This study provides evidence that right-sided hemicolectomy is not indicated after complete resection of an appendiceal NET of 1–2 cm in size by appendectomy, that regional lymph node metastases of appendiceal NETs are clinically irrelevant, and that an additional postoperative exclusion of metastases and histopathological evaluation of risk factors is not supported by the presented results. These findings should inform consensus best practice guidelines for this patient cohort. Funding: Swiss Cancer Research foundation

    Design of ASTERICS: A Superconducting 28 GHz ECR Ion Source Magnet for GANIL

    No full text
    International audienceIn the framework of the NEWGAIN project, which aims to build a second injector with a mass to charge-state ratio A/q = 7 for the SPIRAL2 linear accelerator at GANIL, CEA is developing in collaboration with LPSC and GANIL a new superconducting 28 GHz ECR Ion Source Magnet named ASTERICS. The magnetic design is based on an advanced concept of the VENUS ECR ion source operating at Berkeley and the FRIB source under commisionning at MSU. The ion source superconducting magnet consists of a sextupole inside three solenoids to confine the plasma and a shell-based support structure to apply a preload to the sextupole coils. The confinement coils will be made in Nb-Ti and will be operated at 4.2 K. The cryogenic environment will be ensured by liquid helium thermosiphon closed loop thanks to six in-situ cryocoolers. Specific HTS current leads are being designed to power the magnet. A cold integrated He buffer will also allow He almost-lossless quenches. The preliminary design choices of the ASTERICS superconducting magnet are presented here from the magnetic, mechanical and protection design to the cryogenic definition emphasizing the global approach used to obtain the final magnet configuration

    Hemicolectomy versus appendectomy for patients with appendiceal neuroendocrine tumours 1-2 cm in size: a retrospective, Europe-wide, pooled cohort study

    No full text
    Background: Awareness of the potential global overtreatment of patients with appendiceal neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) of 1-2 cm in size by performing oncological resections is increasing, but the rarity of this tumour has impeded clear recommendations to date. We aimed to assess the malignant potential of appendiceal NETs of 1-2 cm in size in patients with or without right-sided hemicolectomy. Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, we pooled data from 40 hospitals in 15 European countries for patients of any age and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status with a histopathologically confirmed appendiceal NET of 1-2 cm in size who had a complete resection of the primary tumour between Jan 1, 2000, and Dec 31, 2010. Patients either had an appendectomy only or an appendectomy with oncological right-sided hemicolectomy or ileocecal resection. Predefined primary outcomes were the frequency of distant metastases and tumour-related mortality. Secondary outcomes included the frequency of regional lymph node metastases, the association between regional lymph node metastases and histopathological risk factors, and overall survival with or without right-sided hemicolectomy. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to estimate the relative all-cause mortality hazard associated with right-sided hemicolectomy compared with appendectomy alone. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03852693. Findings: 282 patients with suspected appendiceal tumours were identified, of whom 278 with an appendiceal NET of 1-2 cm in size were included. 163 (59%) had an appendectomy and 115 (41%) had a right-sided hemicolectomy, 110 (40%) were men, 168 (60%) were women, and mean age at initial surgery was 36·0 years (SD 18·2). Median follow-up was 13·0 years (IQR 11·0-15·6). After centralised histopathological review, appendiceal NETs were classified as a possible or probable primary tumour in two (1%) of 278 patients with distant peritoneal metastases and in two (1%) 278 patients with distant metastases in the liver. All metastases were diagnosed synchronously with no tumour-related deaths during follow-up. Regional lymph node metastases were found in 22 (20%) of 112 patients with right-sided hemicolectomy with available data. On the basis of histopathological risk factors, we estimated that 12·8% (95% CI 6·5 -21·1) of patients undergoing appendectomy probably had residual regional lymph node metastases. Overall survival was similar between patients with appendectomy and right-sided hemicolectomy (adjusted hazard ratio 0·88 [95% CI 0·36-2·17]; p=0·71). Interpretation: This study provides evidence that right-sided hemicolectomy is not indicated after complete resection of an appendiceal NET of 1-2 cm in size by appendectomy, that regional lymph node metastases of appendiceal NETs are clinically irrelevant, and that an additional postoperative exclusion of metastases and histopathological evaluation of risk factors is not supported by the presented results. These findings should inform consensus best practice guidelines for this patient cohort. Funding: Swiss Cancer Research foundation.</p

    Hemicolectomy versus appendectomy for patients with appendiceal neuroendocrine tumours 1\u20132 cm in size : a retrospective, Europe-wide, pooled cohort study

    No full text
    BACKGROUND Awareness of the potential global overtreatment of patients with appendiceal neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) of 1-2 cm in size by performing oncological resections is increasing, but the rarity of this tumour has impeded clear recommendations to date. We aimed to assess the malignant potential of appendiceal NETs of 1-2 cm in size in patients with or without right-sided hemicolectomy. METHODS In this retrospective cohort study, we pooled data from 40 hospitals in 15 European countries for patients of any age and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status with a histopathologically confirmed appendiceal NET of 1-2 cm in size who had a complete resection of the primary tumour between Jan 1, 2000, and Dec 31, 2010. Patients either had an appendectomy only or an appendectomy with oncological right-sided hemicolectomy or ileocecal resection. Predefined primary outcomes were the frequency of distant metastases and tumour-related mortality. Secondary outcomes included the frequency of regional lymph node metastases, the association between regional lymph node metastases and histopathological risk factors, and overall survival with or without right-sided hemicolectomy. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to estimate the relative all-cause mortality hazard associated with right-sided hemicolectomy compared with appendectomy alone. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03852693. FINDINGS 282 patients with suspected appendiceal tumours were identified, of whom 278 with an appendiceal NET of 1-2 cm in size were included. 163 (59%) had an appendectomy and 115 (41%) had a right-sided hemicolectomy, 110 (40%) were men, 168 (60%) were women, and mean age at initial surgery was 36·0 years (SD 18·2). Median follow-up was 13·0 years (IQR 11·0-15·6). After centralised histopathological review, appendiceal NETs were classified as a possible or probable primary tumour in two (1%) of 278 patients with distant peritoneal metastases and in two (1%) 278 patients with distant metastases in the liver. All metastases were diagnosed synchronously with no tumour-related deaths during follow-up. Regional lymph node metastases were found in 22 (20%) of 112 patients with right-sided hemicolectomy with available data. On the basis of histopathological risk factors, we estimated that 12·8% (95% CI 6·5 -21·1) of patients undergoing appendectomy probably had residual regional lymph node metastases. Overall survival was similar between patients with appendectomy and right-sided hemicolectomy (adjusted hazard ratio 0·88 [95% CI 0·36-2·17]; p=0·71). INTERPRETATION This study provides evidence that right-sided hemicolectomy is not indicated after complete resection of an appendiceal NET of 1-2 cm in size by appendectomy, that regional lymph node metastases of appendiceal NETs are clinically irrelevant, and that an additional postoperative exclusion of metastases and histopathological evaluation of risk factors is not supported by the presented results. These findings should inform consensus best practice guidelines for this patient cohort. FUNDING Swiss Cancer Research foundation

    Hemicolectomy versus appendectomy for patients with appendiceal neuroendocrine tumours 1-2 cm in size: a retrospective, Europe-wide, pooled cohort study

    No full text
    Background: Awareness of the potential global overtreatment of patients with appendiceal neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) of 1-2 cm in size by performing oncological resections is increasing, but the rarity of this tumour has impeded clear recommendations to date. We aimed to assess the malignant potential of appendiceal NETs of 1-2 cm in size in patients with or without right-sided hemicolectomy. Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, we pooled data from 40 hospitals in 15 European countries for patients of any age and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status with a histopathologically confirmed appendiceal NET of 1-2 cm in size who had a complete resection of the primary tumour between Jan 1, 2000, and Dec 31, 2010. Patients either had an appendectomy only or an appendectomy with oncological right-sided hemicolectomy or ileocecal resection. Predefined primary outcomes were the frequency of distant metastases and tumour-related mortality. Secondary outcomes included the frequency of regional lymph node metastases, the association between regional lymph node metastases and histopathological risk factors, and overall survival with or without right-sided hemicolectomy. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to estimate the relative all-cause mortality hazard associated with right-sided hemicolectomy compared with appendectomy alone. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03852693. Findings: 282 patients with suspected appendiceal tumours were identified, of whom 278 with an appendiceal NET of 1-2 cm in size were included. 163 (59%) had an appendectomy and 115 (41%) had a right-sided hemicolectomy, 110 (40%) were men, 168 (60%) were women, and mean age at initial surgery was 36·0 years (SD 18·2). Median follow-up was 13·0 years (IQR 11·0-15·6). After centralised histopathological review, appendiceal NETs were classified as a possible or probable primary tumour in two (1%) of 278 patients with distant peritoneal metastases and in two (1%) 278 patients with distant metastases in the liver. All metastases were diagnosed synchronously with no tumour-related deaths during follow-up. Regional lymph node metastases were found in 22 (20%) of 112 patients with right-sided hemicolectomy with available data. On the basis of histopathological risk factors, we estimated that 12·8% (95% CI 6·5 -21·1) of patients undergoing appendectomy probably had residual regional lymph node metastases. Overall survival was similar between patients with appendectomy and right-sided hemicolectomy (adjusted hazard ratio 0·88 [95% CI 0·36-2·17]; p=0·71). Interpretation: This study provides evidence that right-sided hemicolectomy is not indicated after complete resection of an appendiceal NET of 1-2 cm in size by appendectomy, that regional lymph node metastases of appendiceal NETs are clinically irrelevant, and that an additional postoperative exclusion of metastases and histopathological evaluation of risk factors is not supported by the presented results. These findings should inform consensus best practice guidelines for this patient cohort

    Hemicolectomy versus appendectomy for patients with appendiceal neuroendocrine tumours 1-2 cm in size: a retrospective, Europe-wide, pooled cohort study.

    No full text
    BACKGROUND Awareness of the potential global overtreatment of patients with appendiceal neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) of 1-2 cm in size by performing oncological resections is increasing, but the rarity of this tumour has impeded clear recommendations to date. We aimed to assess the malignant potential of appendiceal NETs of 1-2 cm in size in patients with or without right-sided hemicolectomy. METHODS In this retrospective cohort study, we pooled data from 40 hospitals in 15 European countries for patients of any age and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status with a histopathologically confirmed appendiceal NET of 1-2 cm in size who had a complete resection of the primary tumour between Jan 1, 2000, and Dec 31, 2010. Patients either had an appendectomy only or an appendectomy with oncological right-sided hemicolectomy or ileocecal resection. Predefined primary outcomes were the frequency of distant metastases and tumour-related mortality. Secondary outcomes included the frequency of regional lymph node metastases, the association between regional lymph node metastases and histopathological risk factors, and overall survival with or without right-sided hemicolectomy. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to estimate the relative all-cause mortality hazard associated with right-sided hemicolectomy compared with appendectomy alone. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03852693. FINDINGS 282 patients with suspected appendiceal tumours were identified, of whom 278 with an appendiceal NET of 1-2 cm in size were included. 163 (59%) had an appendectomy and 115 (41%) had a right-sided hemicolectomy, 110 (40%) were men, 168 (60%) were women, and mean age at initial surgery was 36·0 years (SD 18·2). Median follow-up was 13·0 years (IQR 11·0-15·6). After centralised histopathological review, appendiceal NETs were classified as a possible or probable primary tumour in two (1%) of 278 patients with distant peritoneal metastases and in two (1%) 278 patients with distant metastases in the liver. All metastases were diagnosed synchronously with no tumour-related deaths during follow-up. Regional lymph node metastases were found in 22 (20%) of 112 patients with right-sided hemicolectomy with available data. On the basis of histopathological risk factors, we estimated that 12·8% (95% CI 6·5 -21·1) of patients undergoing appendectomy probably had residual regional lymph node metastases. Overall survival was similar between patients with appendectomy and right-sided hemicolectomy (adjusted hazard ratio 0·88 [95% CI 0·36-2·17]; p=0·71). INTERPRETATION This study provides evidence that right-sided hemicolectomy is not indicated after complete resection of an appendiceal NET of 1-2 cm in size by appendectomy, that regional lymph node metastases of appendiceal NETs are clinically irrelevant, and that an additional postoperative exclusion of metastases and histopathological evaluation of risk factors is not supported by the presented results. These findings should inform consensus best practice guidelines for this patient cohort. FUNDING Swiss Cancer Research foundation

    Hemicolectomy versus appendectomy for patients with appendiceal neuroendocrine tumours 1–2 cm in size: a retrospective, Europe-wide, pooled cohort study

    No full text
    Background: Awareness of the potential global overtreatment of patients with appendiceal neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) of 1–2 cm in size by performing oncological resections is increasing, but the rarity of this tumour has impeded clear recommendations to date. We aimed to assess the malignant potential of appendiceal NETs of 1–2 cm in size in patients with or without right-sided hemicolectomy. Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, we pooled data from 40 hospitals in 15 European countries for patients of any age and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status with a histopathologically confirmed appendiceal NET of 1–2 cm in size who had a complete resection of the primary tumour between Jan 1, 2000, and Dec 31, 2010. Patients either had an appendectomy only or an appendectomy with oncological right-sided hemicolectomy or ileocecal resection. Predefined primary outcomes were the frequency of distant metastases and tumour-related mortality. Secondary outcomes included the frequency of regional lymph node metastases, the association between regional lymph node metastases and histopathological risk factors, and overall survival with or without right-sided hemicolectomy. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to estimate the relative all-cause mortality hazard associated with right-sided hemicolectomy compared with appendectomy alone. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03852693. Findings: 282 patients with suspected appendiceal tumours were identified, of whom 278 with an appendiceal NET of 1–2 cm in size were included. 163 (59%) had an appendectomy and 115 (41%) had a right-sided hemicolectomy, 110 (40%) were men, 168 (60%) were women, and mean age at initial surgery was 36·0 years (SD 18·2). Median follow-up was 13·0 years (IQR 11·0–15·6). After centralised histopathological review, appendiceal NETs were classified as a possible or probable primary tumour in two (1%) of 278 patients with distant peritoneal metastases and in two (1%) 278 patients with distant metastases in the liver. All metastases were diagnosed synchronously with no tumour-related deaths during follow-up. Regional lymph node metastases were found in 22 (20%) of 112 patients with right-sided hemicolectomy with available data. On the basis of histopathological risk factors, we estimated that 12·8% (95% CI 6·5 –21·1) of patients undergoing appendectomy probably had residual regional lymph node metastases. Overall survival was similar between patients with appendectomy and right-sided hemicolectomy (adjusted hazard ratio 0·88 [95% CI 0·36–2·17]; p=0·71). Interpretation: This study provides evidence that right-sided hemicolectomy is not indicated after complete resection of an appendiceal NET of 1–2 cm in size by appendectomy, that regional lymph node metastases of appendiceal NETs are clinically irrelevant, and that an additional postoperative exclusion of metastases and histopathological evaluation of risk factors is not supported by the presented results. These findings should inform consensus best practice guidelines for this patient cohort. Funding: Swiss Cancer Research foundation

    Liver transplantation of partial grafts after ex situ splitting during hypothermic oxygenated perfusion-The HOPE-Split pilot study

    No full text
    International audiencePartial liver grafts from ex situ splitting are considered marginal due to prolonged static cold storage. The use of ex situ hypothermic oxygenated perfusion (HOPE) may offer a strategy to improve preservation of ex situ split grafts. In this single-center pilot study, we prospectively performed ex situ liver splitting during HOPE (HOPE-Split) for adult and pediatric partial grafts over a 1-year period (November 1, 2020 to December 1, 2021). The primary safety endpoint was based on the number of liver graft-related adverse events (LGRAEs) per recipient, including primary nonfunction, biliary complications, hepatic vascular complications, and early relaparotomies and was compared with consecutive single-center standard ex situ split transplantations (Static-Split) performed from 2018 to 2020. Secondary endpoints included preservation characteristics and early outcomes. Sixteen consecutive HOPE-Split liver transplantations (8 HOPE-Split procedures) were included and compared with 24 Static-Splits. All HOPE-Split grafts were successfully transplanted, and no graft loss nor recipient death was encountered during the median follow-up of 7.5 months (interquartile range, 5.5-12.5). Mean LGRAE per recipient was similar in both groups (0.31 ± 0.60 vs. 0.46 ± 0.83; p = 0.78) and split duration was not significantly increased for HOPE-Split (216 vs. 180 min; p = 0.45). HOPE-Split grafts underwent perfusion for a median of 125 min, which significantly shortened static cold storage (472 vs. 544 min; p = 0.001), whereas it prolonged total ex vivo preservation (595 vs. 544 min; p = 0.007) and reduced neutrophil infiltration on reperfusion biopsies (p = 0.04) compared with Static-Split. This clinical pilot study presents first feasibility and safety data for transplantation of partial liver grafts undergoing ex situ split during HOPE and suggests improved preservation compared with static ex situ splitting. These preliminary results will allow to set up large-scale trials on the use of machine perfusion in pediatric and split-liver transplantation

    The thermal properties of hydrothermally altered andesites from La Soufrière de Guadeloupe (Eastern Caribbean)

    No full text
    The heat flux of an active volcano provides crucial information on volcanic unrest. The hydrothermal activity often responsible for volcanic unrest can be accompanied by an increase in the extent and intensity of hydrothermal alteration, which could influence the thermal properties of the volcanic edifice. Therefore, an understanding of the influence of alteration on the thermal properties of rocks is required to better interpret volcano heat flux data. We provide laboratory measurements of thermal conductivity, thermal diffusivity, and specific heat capacity for variably altered (intermediate to advanced argillic alteration) andesites from La Soufrière de Guadeloupe (Eastern Caribbean). We complement these data with previously published data for altered basaltic-andesites from Merapi (Indonesia) and new data for altered rhyodacites from Chaos Crags (USA). Our data show that thermal conductivity and thermal diffusivity decrease as a function of increasing porosity, whereas the specific heat capacity does not change systematically. Thermal conductivity decreases as a function of alteration (the percentage of secondary minerals) for the rocks from La Soufrière and Merapi (from ~1.6 to ~0.6 W·m−1·K−1 as alteration increases from ~1.5 to &gt;75 wt%), but increases for the rocks from Chaos Crags (from ~1.1 to ~1.5 W·m−1·K−1 as alteration increases from ~6 to ~15 wt%). Although the thermal diffusivity of the rocks from Chaos Crags increases from ~0.65 to ~0.75–0.95 mm2·s−1 as alteration increases from ~6 to ~15 wt%, the thermal diffusivity of the rocks from La Soufrière and Merapi does not appear to be greatly influenced by alteration. The specific heat capacity is not significantly affected by alteration, although there is a slight trend of increasing specific heat capacity with alteration for the rocks from La Soufrière. We conclude that the decrease in thermal conductivity as a function of alteration in the rocks from La Soufrière and Merapi is the result of the low conductivity of the secondary mineral assemblage, and that a combination of the high thermal conductivity of cristobalite and the reduction in porosity as a result of the void-filling mineral precipitation can explain the increase in thermal conductivity in the rocks from Chaos Crags. Calculations show that an increase in alteration of a dome or edifice can result in decreases and increases in heat flow density, depending on the type of alteration. Therefore, alteration-induced changes in the thermal properties of dome or edifice rocks should be considered when interpreting volcano heat flux data. We conclude that it is important not only to monitor the extent and evolution of alteration at active volcanoes, but also the spatial distribution of alteration type

    Test Results of the MQYYM: A 90 Mm NbTi Quadrupole Magnet Option for HL-LHC

    No full text
    For the HL-LHC project, a 90 mm NbTi cos(2θ) double aperture quadrupole magnet with an operating gradient of 120 T/m at 1.9 K has been designed as an option to replace the 70 mm aperture LHC quadrupole MQY. CEA in collaboration with CERN designed and manufactured a single aperture short model magnet with a magnetic length of 1.215 m at 1.9 K called MQYYM. The MQYYM cold test occurred at CEA at 4.2 K in a vertical cryogenic station. During the power test, the operating gradient at 1.9 K has been reached after two training quenches. All along the test, magnetic and mechanical measurements were done using respectively a rotating probe and strain gauges. This paper describes the performance of the MQYYM at 4.2 K and gives an analysis of the data acquired during the test, including training behavior, quench detection, protection and field quality measurements
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