16,431 research outputs found

    Reactions induced by 9^9Be in a four-body continuum-discretized coupled-channels framework

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    We investigate the elastic scattering of 9^9Be on 208^{208}Pb at beam energies above (50 MeV) and below (40 MeV) the Coulomb barrier. The reaction is described within a four-body framework using the Continuum-Discretized Coupled-Channels (CDCC) method. The 9^9Be projectile states are generated using the analytical Transformed Harmonic Oscillator (THO) basis in hyperspherical coordinates. Our calculations confirm the importance of continuum effects at low energies.Comment: 2 pages, 1 figure. Proceedings of the International Scientific Meeting on Nuclear Physics, RABIDA15, La R\'abida (Spain), June 1-5, 201

    Controlling the ellipticity of attosecond pulses produced by laser irradiation of overdense plasmas

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    The interaction of high-intensity laser pulses and solid targets provides a promising way to create compact, tunable and bright XUV attosecond sources that can become a unique tool for a variety of applications. However, it is important to control the polarization state of this XUV radiation, and to do so in the most efficient regime of generation. Using the relativistic electronic spring (RES) model and particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations, we show that the polarization state of the generated attosecond pulses can be tuned in a wide range of parameters by adjusting the polarization and angle of incidence of the laser radiation. In particular, we demonstrate the possibility of producing circularly polarized attosecond pulses in a wide variety of setups.Comment: 6 pages, 3 figure

    Analytical transformed harmonic oscillator basis for three-body nuclei of astrophysical interest: Application to 6He

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    Recently, a square-integrable discrete basis, obtained performing a simple analytical local scale transformation to the harmonic oscillator basis, has been proposed and successfully applied to study the properties of two-body systems. Here, the method is generalized to study three-body systems. To test the goodness of the formalism and establish its applicability and limitations, the capture reaction rate for the nucleosynthesis of the Borromean nucleus 6He (4He + n + n) is addressed. Results are compared with previous publications and with calculations based on actual three-body continuum wave functions, which can be generated for this simple case. The obtained results encourage the application to other Borromean nuclei of astrophysical interest such as 9Be and 12C, for which actual three-body continuum calculations are very involved.Comment: Accepted in Phys. Rev.

    Circumstellar rings, flat and flaring discs

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    Emission lines formed in the circumstellar envelopes of several type of stars can be modeled using first principles of line formation. We present simple ways of calculating line emission profiles formed in circumstellar envelopes having different geometrical configurations. The fit of the observed line profiles with the calculated ones may give first order estimates of the physical parameters characterizing the line formation regions: opacity, size, particle density distribution, velocity fields, excitation temperature.Comment: 3 pages ; to appear in the proceedings of the Sapporo meeting on active OB stars ; ASP Conference Series ; eds: S. Stefl, S. Owocki and A. Okazak
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