46 research outputs found

    A Chronicle of Indonesia’s Forest Management: A Long Step towards Environmental Sustainability and Community Welfare

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    Indonesia is the largest archipelagic country in the world, with 17,000 islands of varying sizes and elevations, from lowlands to very high mountains, stretching more than 5000 km eastward from Sabang in Aceh to Merauke in Papua. Although occupying only 1.3% of the world’s land area, Indonesia possesses the third-largest rainforest and the second-highest level of biodiversity, with very high species diversity and endemism. However, during the last two decades, Indonesia has been known as a country with a high level of deforestation, a producer of smoke from burning forests and land, and a producer of carbon emissions. The aim of this paper is to review the environmental history and the long process of Indonesian forest management towards achieving environmental sustainability and community welfare. To do this, we analyze the milestones of Indonesian forest management history, present and future challenges, and provide strategic recommendations toward a viable Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) system. Our review showed that the history of forestry management in Indonesia has evolved through a long process, especially related to contestation over the control of natural resources and supporting policies and regulations. During the process, many efforts have been applied to reduce the deforestation rate, such as a moratorium on permitting primary natural forest and peat land, land rehabilitation and soil conservation, environmental protection, and other significant regulations. Therefore, these efforts should be maintained and improved continuously in the future due to their significant positive impacts on a variety of forest areas toward the achievement of viable SFM. Finally, we conclude that the Indonesian government has struggled to formulate sustainable forest management policies that balance economic, ecological, and social needs, among others, through developing and implementing social forestry instruments, developing and implementing human resource capacity, increasing community literacy, strengthening forest governance by eliminating ambiguity and overlapping regulations, simplification of bureaucracy, revitalization of traditional wisdom, and fair law enforcement

    Implementation of Smarter Method for Prospective Student Council Selection System SMK Negeri 1 Rembang

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    One of the schools that has attempted to make the student council active and the primary platform for student development to encourage student activities at school is SMK Negeri 1 Rembang. OSIS administrators can execute numerous labor programs in both academic and non-academic domains. Participants must pass several selection processes to join the SMK Negeri 1 Rembang OSIS board. This student council board's election procedure still employs manual methods. The selection procedure may take longer and allow for subjective evaluations depending on the number of candidates and the criteria used. As a result, it is essential to develop a decision support system (SPK) that uses Rank Order Centroid (ROC) weighting and the Simple Multi-Attribute Rating Technique Exploiting Rank (SMARTER) method to help choose student council administrators. The SMARTER technique addressed disproportionality because the weights assigned do not provide a hierarchy or order of importance between the current criteria and their sub-criteria. Based on the computation of the final value of the standards and sub-criteria on each alternative, the system produces results in the form of the biggest to most minor order. Blackbox testing of this program demonstrates that it can operate and be used at SMK N 1 Rembang both in terms of functionality and outcomes from the system. &nbsp

    ASUHAN KEPERAWATAN GANGGUAN RASA NYAMAN :NYERI PUNGGUNG PADA IBU HAMIL TRISEMSTER IIIDI PUSKESMAS NGESREP KOTA SEMARANG

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    Latar Belakang : Kehamilan merupakan suatu proses yang alami dan normal. Selama masa kehamilan ibu mengalami perubahan yang terjadi baik fisik maupun psikologis. Perubahan tersebut menyebabkan rasa ketidaknyamanan. Rasa ketidaknyamaan yang dirasakan oleh ibu hamil biasanya berbeda pada setiap trimester kehamilan. Nyeri punggung ibu hamil mencapai puncak pada minggu ke-24 sampai minggu ke-28 yaitu tepat sebelum pertumbuhan pada abdomen mencapai titik maksimum. Untuk mengurangi nyeri punggung pada ibu hamil trisemster III dapat dilakukan dengan olahraga bagi ibu hamil yaitu dengan senam hamil. untuk memperkuat stabilitas tubuh sehingga dapat membantu memelihara kesehatan serta meminimalkan risiko trauma tulang belakang ataupun jatuh pada saat hamil.Tujuan : Karya tulis ini bertujuan untuk mengambarkan Asuhan Keperawatan Nyeri Pada Ibu Hamil Trisemester III dengan intervensi seman hamilMetoda : Metode penelitian yang digunakan yaitu metode deskiptif. Berupa menggambarkan asuhan keperawatan pada salah satu masalah keperawatan yang sudah dipilih yaitu gangguan rasa nyaman: nyeri punggung ibu hamil trimester ketiga dengan analisis sederhana.Hasil : Setelah dilakukan asuhan keperawatan 3 kali kunjungan pada responden didapatkan hasil nyeri punggung ibu hamil trimester ketiga berkurang.Kesimpulan: Mengurangi rasa nyeri punggung yang dialami oleh ibu hamil trimester III dapat diberikan dengan teknik relaksasi senam hamil yang dilakukan secara teratur sehingga dapat memberika rasa nyaman.Saran : Praktisi perawat dapat memberikan konstribusi dalam meningatkan status kesehatan masyarakat terutama pada ibu hamil primigravida dalam memberikan upaya promototif kelas senam hami

    Perbandingan Performa ETS dan ARIMA dalam Pemodelan Harga CPO

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    Penelitian ini bertujuan membandingkan performa model Autoregresif Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) dan eksponensial smoothing Error, Trend, Seasonal (ETS) pada peramalan harga bulanan Crude Palm Oil (CPO). Data yang digunakan dari Juni 1992 sampai Juni 2022. Data harga CPO tidak stationer pada data level tetapi stationer pada data difference pertama. Berdasarkan kriteria AIC, BIC, RMSE dan MAPE terkecil model ARIMA lebih baik dalam menggambarkan pola harga CPO dibandingkan model ETS. Diperlukan kebijakan yang komprehensif sehingga harga CPO tetap stabil

    Optimalisasi Pelayanan Fiskus dan Sanksi Perpajakan sebagai Upaya Peningkatan Kepatuhan Wajib Pajak dengan Kesadaran Wajib Pajak sebagai Variabel Mediasi

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    This study aims to determine whether tax services and tax sanctions can affect taxpayer compliance with taxpayer awareness as a mediating variable. This research was conducted at the KPP Pratama Pekalongan City, with the object of research being taxpayers who have MSME businesses in the Pemalang Regency area. The sample used in this study was 100 respondents. The type of research is quantitative. The analysis technique uses the Warppls version 5.0 application. The results of this study indicate that the tax service has a positive effect on taxpayer awareness while tax sanctions have a negative and significant effect on taxpayer awareness. Fiscal services have a positive and significant effect on taxpayer compliance. Meanwhile, tax awareness and sanctions have no significant effect on taxpayer compliance. Therefore, taxpayer awareness cannot mediate the relationship between tax service and tax sanctions on taxpayer compliance

    Analisis Pemecahan Masalah Matematika Mahasiswa berdasarkan Taksonomi SOLO

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    One of the abilities that must be possessed and mastered by a student in the 21st century is problem solving ability. Mathematical skills are expected to be able to meet the needs of students today and in the future. The purpose of this study was to describe the results of student problem solving analysis based on the SOLO Taxonomy. This study used a qualitative descriptive approach to analyze the data. Based on the results of data analysis, it was found that students with different SOLO levels had differences and similarities at each stage of problem solving. At the stage of understanding the problem, the three subjects can identify what is known and what is asked in the problem, only the extended abstract subject adds to make a mathematical model on what is known. At the stage of planning the completion of the three subjects, they were able to mention several concepts, principles and procedures on the problem to solve the problem. At the stage of implementing the plan, the three subjects had already completed the questions based on the plans that had been made, but in the multistructural subject the answers given were not appropriate/relevant to what was asked for in the questions. At the re-examination stage, the three subjects re-examined by re-checking the formula, re-examining the work and recalculation of the results, but only the extended abstract subject could provide several different solutions

    Kajian Feminisme dan Nilai Pendidikan dalam Novel Habibie & Ainun Karya Bacharuddin Jusuf Habibie

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    Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan dan menjelaskan: 1) Aspek Feminisme dalam novel Habibie & Ainun karya Bacharuddin Jusuf Habibie. 2) Eksistensi perempuan yang terdapat dalam Novel Habibie & Ainun karya Bacharuddin Jusuf Habibie. 3) Pokok-pokok pikiran feminisme dalam novel Habibie & Ainun karya Bacharuddin Jusuf Habibie. 4) Nilai-nilai pendidikan dalam novel Habibie & Ainun karya Bacharuddin Jusuf Habibie. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode deskriptif kualitatif dengan pendekatan struktural. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan teknik noninteraktif yang meliputi mencatat dokumen atau arsip (content analysis), observasi tak berperan, teknik simak dan catat, dan teknik riset pustaka. Validasi data menggunakan triangulasi. Hasil penelitian ini adalah sebagai berikut : 1) Aspek Feminisme dalam novel yang meliputi perempuan dan pendidikan, perempuan dan dunia kerja/karir, perempuan dan rumah tangga; 2) Eksistensi perempuan yang terdapat dalam novel Habibie & Ainun karya Bacharuddin Jusuf Habibie meliputi : kedudukan sama dalam bidang pendidikan dan pekerjaan, kebebasan menentukan pilihan, dan berperan penting sebagai istri dan ibu dalam rumah tangga; 3) Pokok pikiran feminisme dalam novel Habibie & Ainun karya Bacharuddin Jusuf Habibie meliputi : sosok perempuan cerdas, kemandirian tokoh perempuan serta rela berkorban & tangguh dan; 4) Nilai-nilai pendidikan dalam novel Habibie & Ainun karya Bacharuddin Jusuf Habibie antara lain : Nilai Agama, Nilai moral, nilai sosial dan nilai budaya.Kata kunci : Novel Habibie & Ainun, Kajian Feminisme, Nilai Pendidika

    Identifikasi Industri Unggulan untuk Akselerasi Pemulihan Ekonomi di Sulawesi Selatan dan Dampaknya pada Wilayah Lain di Indonesia

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    Perencanaan pembangunan berdasarkan aspek kewilayahan membutuhkan tools untuk menentukan kebijakan kewilayahan. Data Inter Regional Input-Output (IRIO) dapat dimanfaatkan untuk mendukung kebijakan perekonomian suatu wilayah. Tabel IRIO mampu memberikan informasi mengenai struktur ketergantungan sektoral (sectoral interdependency) maupun ketergantungan antarwilayah (regional interdependency). Studi ini dilakukan untuk menganalisis keterkaitan antar industri di Sulawesi Selatan dan  menganalisis perekonomian Sulawesi Selatan dan hubungannya dengan wilayah lainnya menggunakan  tabel Inter Regional Input-Output (IRIO) 2016 yang telah diterbitkan oleh Badan Pusat Statistik pada tahun 2021 untuk mengidentifikasi industri unggulan dan dampaknya pada wilayah lainnya.Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa ada dua industri unggulan di Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan, yaitu Pengadaan Listrik dan Gas dan Industri Pengolahan. Selanjutnya, analisis antar wilayah menunjukkan bahwa shock permintaan akhir di Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan berdampak besar terhadap perekonomian provinsi-provinsi di Pulau Jawa, khususnya DKI Jakarta. Di sisi lain, perekonomian Sulawesi Selatan sangat dipengaruhi oleh shock permintaan akhir di Provinsi Sulawesi Barat. Sulawesi Selatan merupakan salah satu provinsi unggulan. Peluang untuk melakukan akselerasi pemulihan ekonomi dapat dilakukan pada industri unggulan seperti Industri Pengolahan
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