151 research outputs found

    Integration of Project Management in Project based Learning

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    In the learning environment including schools and university training centers,the most important thing is that learners must accomplish the learning outcomes. In order to do that teachers or mentors design many activities. These activities should engage learners and increase learner motivations. Learners should be challenged with real-life problems to gain real experience. Experts of education suggest that teachers as facilitators should carry out project based learning (PBL) to provide such an active and engaging learning environment. Especially, developed countries apply project-based learning because of the importance and effectiveness of the method. In the literature, notably many researches have proved effectiveness and utility of the PBL. Students enjoy working ona project because they may select the kind of project that they would like to do. While they are working on a project they must collaborate, communicate and solve problems. They also need to be creative and critical thinkers. All such characters belong to the 21st century skillset. That means students can achieve 21st century skills when they engage in a project. PBL is in accordance with constructivist and connectivist approaches to encouragestudents to be more engaged and organize cognitive structures individually with the help of society and learning environment. In the learning environment many teachers use project-based learning without explaining how to manage project professionally. Some of the projects don’t get completed on time, on budget and within the scope because of the lack of project management skills. So, experts must integrate project management in project-based learning. As a result of the integration of PM in PBL, the learners will be able to complete their projects on time, on budget and within scope. Also students will be able to acquire 21st century skills and achieve learning outcome of a course. In this paper the aim is to explain how to integrate project management in project-based learning and to introduce a sample curriculum that was developed for such integration. In this paper, a real time implementation process illustrates the integration process. At the end of the integration of the integration of the curriculum of PM in PBL all learners were able to complete their projects on time and within scope while working in a group. One of the teams got first place in the National Challenge in all Texas Region in the U.S.A. after implementing project management skills in project based learning. This proves that the method works

    Prevalence of diabetes mellitus among tuberculosis patients attending a directly observed treatment-short-course center in Delhi, India

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    Background: Diabetes (DM) can worsen the clinical course of tuberculosis (TB) and treatment outcomes in terms of increased deaths, treatment failure, and relapse rates. This study investigated the prevalence of DM in TB patients at an urban primary health centre (UPHC), Delhi and the factors associated with it.Methods: A record-based study of all TB patients registered from December 2019 to November 2020 at a directly observed treatment short-course (DOTS) center of a UPHC in Delhi was conducted. Information regarding socio-demographic details and disease profile, diabetes status and random blood sugar level was collected from patients’ treatment cards. Data were entered and analyzed in SPSS. Descriptive analysis was done.Results: A total of 252 patients were registered at the DOTS center during one year and data for all of them were analyzed. The mean age of the study participants at the time of the study was 31.13±15.84 years, half of them were males (56%) and the site of the disease was predominantly pulmonary (61%). Out of 252 TB patients, 17 (7%) and 2 (1%) were diabetics and pre-diabetics respectively.Conclusions: Those patients with age more than 30 years, pulmonary TB, sputum positive TB are the factors with statistically significant association with diabetes in our study

    発展途上国におけるCubeSatを使用したストアアンドフォワードデータ収集のための低電力および低コストのセンサーステーションの設計と開発

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    九州工業大学博士学位論文(要旨)学位記番号:工博甲第555号 学位授与年月日:令和4年9月26

    Footstep Power Generation using Piezoelectric Transducers

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    everywhere a person goes, some amount of energy is used by them. Since time is immemorial energy is needed for the well-being and sustenance of our lives. The utilization of waste energy used in the foot power is very much useful and important for place where there will be a huge crowd each day. When the flooring is engineered with piezoelectric technology, the electrical energy produced by the pressure is captured by floor sensor and converted to an electrical charge by piezo transducer, then stored and used as a power source. This power source is used in home application, street light, school and colleges

    Non-Timber Forest Products: Diversity, Utilization, and Dependency in Fringe Areas of Jaldapara National Park in Indian Sub-Himalayan Region

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    Non-timber forest products (NTFPs) greatly contribute to livelihood, development, and poverty alleviation across the tropics. We also assumed that the fringe communities inhabiting Jaldapara National Park (JNP) of Indian eastern sub-Himalayan region largely rely on the NTFPs for their livelihood due to its remote and isolated location with no physical infrastructure and facilities. Multistage sampling technique was used for the study. The sample size was 205 households selected randomly from a sample frame of 10 villages. Descriptive statistics was employed to analyze and summarize the data. A total of 146 NTFP species was documented. The communities relied on their NTFP collection/harvest for food, medicine, firewood, fodder, and other socio-cultural items for household use and cash income. The documented species were further categorized into plant, fish, fungus, and insect. The relative frequency of citation (RFC), value ranged from 0.2 to 0.96 for all categories of NTFPs with average 0.78. Income from NTFPs contributed on an average 45% of the total annual household income of the households. NTFPs provided a natural insurance to households especially during the periods of scarcity. Focused interventions with technical and financial support are recommended to uplift the livelihood of the communities in JNP

    Improvement of Communication System for 1U CubeSat

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    The Joint Global Multi-Nation Birds Satellite project abbreviated as BIRDS” project started with a first-generation constellation of five 1U satellites in October 2015. Currently, BIRDS project is on its fourth-generation of CubeSat constellation. The 1U CubeSats in each generation follow the heritage of the previous satellites. The Communication subsystem has undergone multiple iterations to improve the performance on orbit. Until the second-generation of satellites (BIRDS2 CubeSat constellation), the two-way communication between the satellite in orbit and the ground station was difficult even though the ground test results seemed promising. BIRDS3 satellites went through major changes and succeeded in establishing a strong link between the satellite and the ground station. This paper describes findings that were made based on the on-orbit test results of the previous satellites that caused difficulty in the communication and some of the major changes that were made on both the BIRDS3 satellite side and the ground station side to improve the communication. BIRDS3 satellites have been operating exceptionally better in the orbit. The orbital link measurement resultis also included in this paper

    Quality of life of post-menopausal women residing in rural and urban areas of Sikkim, India

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    Background: Menopause is an inevitable reproductive phase during midlife when various physical and mental changes may impair the quality of life of women. The presence and severity of symptoms vary tremendously from woman to woman and can last from months to years during this transitional period. This study was conducted to assess the quality of life and menopause related problems among post-menopausal women residing rural and urban areas of Sikkim.Methods: Descriptive explorative study was done in East Sikkim among 120 rural and urban post-menopausal women who were in the age group of 45 years and above, had attained natural menopause and didn’t have menstruation from last one year, were selected through purposive sampling technique. Women with induced menopause, hysterectomy, receiving hormonal treatment were excluded. Along with collection of socio-demographic data, the Menopause Specific Quality of Life Questionnaire was used to assess the Quality of life based on experience of the symptoms through interview technique.Results: The mean menopausal age was 48±3.649 years in rural area and 47±3.831 years for urban area. The mean scores in quality of life between post-menopausal women in rural areas (M=136.6, SD=28.78) were found significantly impaired and the difference was found statistically significant (t=5.75 p<0.001) which shows that rural women were having impaired quality of life as compared to urban women during post-menopausal period. The findings also revealed that factors affecting the quality of life of postmenopausal women were the history of menopause, occupation of women, in urban women and time of attending menopause, in rural women.Conclusions: The present study shows that menopause related symptoms had a negative effect on the quality of life of the post-menopausal women. Such studies can help in creating awareness and in educating women on the early identification of the common menopausal symptoms

    Mobilising Knowledge: Determining key elements for success and pitfalls in developing Community Based Tourism

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    Community based tourism (CBT) has often been cited as an alternative to mass tourism and an approach for tourism to become more sustainable. If developed well, CBT can become a poverty alleviation mechanism and a way to access improvements in quality of life, providing empowerment and greater economic benefit to individuals in local communities. Despite the plethora of literature on CBT and evaluation of models, there is little analysis of the facilitators and barriers to achieving it. Through the use of case studies in both academic and grey literature, this paper serves as an instructive review of the CBT literature to synthesise the key elements of success and the challenges
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