5 research outputs found

    Safety and efficacy of 0.01% and 0.1% low-dose atropine eye drop regimens for reduction of myopia progression in Danish children: a randomized clinical trial examining one-year effect and safety

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    Abstract Background To investigate the efficacy and safety of 0.1% and 0.01% low-dose atropine eye drops in reducing myopia progression in Danish children. Methods Investigator-initiated, placebo-controlled, double-masked, randomized clinical trial. Ninety-seven six- to twelve-year old myopic participants were randomized to 0.1% loading dose for six months followed by 0.01% for six months (loading dose group, Number (N) = 33), 0.01% for twelve months (0.01% group, N = 32) or vehicle for twelve months (placebo, N = 32). Primary outcomes were axial length and spherical equivalent refraction. Secondary outcomes included adverse events and reactions, choroidal thickness and ocular biometry. Outcomes were measured at baseline and three-month intervals. Data was analyzed with linear-mixed model analysis according to intention-to-treat. Results Mean axial elongation was 0.10 mm less (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.17; 0.02, adjusted-p = 0.06) in the 0.1% loading dose and 0.07 mm less (95% CI: 0.15; 0.00, adjusted-p = 0.16) in the 0.01% group at twelve months compared to placebo. Mean spherical equivalent refraction progression was 0.24 D (95% CI: 0.05; 0.42) less in the loading dose and 0.19 D (95% CI: 0.00; 0.38) less in the 0.01% groups at twelve months, compared to placebo (adjusted-p = 0.06 and 0.14, respectively). A total of 108 adverse events were reported during the initial six-month loading dose period, primarily in the loading dose group, and 14 were reported in the six months following dose switching, all deemed mild except two serious adverse events, unrelated to the intervention. Conclusions Low-dose atropine eye drops are safe over twelve months in otherwise healthy children. There may be a modest but clinically relevant reduction in myopia progression in Danish children after twelve months treatment, but the effect was statistically non-significant after multiple comparisons adjustment. After dose-switching at six months the loading dose group approached the 0.01% group, potentially indicating an early “rebound-effect”. Trial registration this study was registered in the European Clinical Trials Database (EudraCT, number: 2018-001286-16) 05/11/2018 and first posted at www.clinicaltrials.gov (NCT03911271) 11/04/2019, prior to initiation