40 research outputs found

    Deferral of assessment of pulmonary embolism

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    We evaluated a simplified algorithm for safely postponing diagnostic imaging for pulmonary embolism (PE). At the index visit, patients were identified as being at high or low risk of PE; the former received full dosage low molecular weight heparin while the latter were left untreated until performance of diagnostic imaging (max 72 hours). During this period, no thromboembolic events occurred in low-risk patients (0/211, 0.% [upper 95% CI 0.9%]); only one event occurred in those at high-risk (1/125, 0.8% [upper 95% CI, 1.2]). Our study demonstrates that diagnostic imaging for PE can be safely deferred for up to 3 days

    The risk of recurrent cardiovascular events in patients with increased plasma homocysteine levels is reduced by short but not long-term therapy with folate and B vitamins.

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    Hyperhomocysteinemia is considered an independent risk factor for atherosclerosis, atherothrombosis and Venous ThromboEmbolism (VTE) [1], [2] and [3]. Normal total plasma homocysteine concentrations range from 5 to 15 μmol/L in the fasting state. Hyperhomocysteinemia is classified as moderate (homocysteine concentration, 15 to 30 μmol/L), intermediate (> 30 to 100 μmol/L), and severe (> 100 μmol/L) on the basis of concentrations measured during fasting. Although severe hyperhomocysteinemia is rare, mild hyperhomocysteinemia occurs in approximately 5% to 7% of the general population. In this case, patients are typically asymptomatic until the third or fourth decade of life when premature Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) develops, as well as recurrent arterial and venous thrombosis [1] and [2]. Vitamin supplementation (Folic Acid and B Vitamins) usually decreases or even normalizes plasma homocysteine concentrations in most cases [1]; however, the advantages of such approach is not always evident [3]. Recently, the results of the Norwegian Vitamin (NORVIT) trial and the Heart Outcomes Prevention Evaluation (HOPE) 2 trial have shown that, after a median follow-up of 40 months, despite a 27% lowering of the mean total homocysteine concentration from the baseline value among patients treated with folic acid and vitamin B12, there was no significant effect on the risk of the composite primary end points (recurrent myocardial infarction, stroke, or sudden death CAD) [4] and [5]....

    Successful Treatment of Gastrointestinal Bleeding With Recombinant Factor VIIa After Kidney Transplantation in Patients With Pancytopenia.

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    Hemostatic disorders can often complicate transplantation procedures. Moreover, antihemmorhagic drugs may not efficiently control bleeding that occurs in such cases. We report on a patient who underwent kidney transplantation complicated by bone marrow aplasia and gastric bleeding who was succesfully treated with recombinant activated FVII (Novoseven). In May 2005, a 53-year-old man affected by chronic renal insufficiency underwent kidney transplantation. At the beginning of June, laboratory tests showed progressive reduction in the blood cell count with anemia, granulocytopenia, and thrombocytopenia related to the development of marrow insufficiency. We commenced transfusion therapy and administered hematologic growth factors. On June 3, 2005, the patient underwent surgical procedure to repair the abdominal wall. Two days thereafter, the postsurgical period was complicated by an episode of melena. The patient received additional treatment with packed red cells, platelets, and fresh-frozen plasma. The gastrointestinal bleeding continued until June 9, 2005, when therapy with recombinant activated FVII (Novoseven) was commenced at an initial dose of 90 mu gr/kg. The first bolus did not significantly reduce the blood loss; it was therefore administered as a successive bolus at the same dosage that was able to stop bleeding. Endoscopic examination performed the day after showed the absence of the hemorrhagic lesion in the gastric mucosa. In the subsequent days, the need for transfusion was dramatically reduced with no episode of bleeding. At the same time, the laboratory and clinical findings of marrow insufficiency disappeared. Our case report showed that the use of a global antihemorrhagic factor, such as Novoseven, can successfully control gastrointestinal bleeding even in complicated patients despite failure of traditional antihemostatic therap