24 research outputs found

    Monitoring Cystic Fibrosis Lung Disease

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    __Abstract__ Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is a severe, life-shortening genetic disease with a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations, affecting 70,000 patients in the EU and USA. The most prevalent clinical manifestation is structural lung disease. Structural lung disease is the main cause of morbidity in CF and accounts for 85% of the deaths in CF patients (1). Important for the pathogenesis of structural lung disease are genetic mutations on chromosome 7 encoding for the CF tra

    The development of bronchiectasis on chest computed tomography in children with cystic fibrosis: can pre-stages be identified?

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    Objective: Bronchiectasis is an important component of cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease but little is known about its development. We aimed to study the development of bronchiectasis and identify determinants for rapid progression of bronchiectasis on chest CT. Methods: Forty-three patients with CF with at least four consecutive biennial volumetric CTs were included. Areas with bronchiectasis on the most recent CT were marked as regions of interest (ROIs). These ROIs were generated on all preceding CTs using deformable image registration. Observers indicated whether: bronchiectasis, mucus plugging, airway wall thickening, atelectasis/consolidation or normal airways were present in the ROIs. Results: We identified 362 ROIs on the most recent CT. In 187 (51.7 %) ROIs bronchiectasis was present on all preceding CTs, while 175 ROIs showed development of bronchiectasis. In 139/175 (79.4 %) no pre-stages of bronchiectasis were identified. In 36/175 (20.6 %) bronchiectatic airways the following pre-stages were identified: mucus plugging (17.7 %), airway wall thickening (1.7 %) or atelectasis/consolidation (1.1 %). Pancreatic insufficiency was more prevalent in the rapid progressors compared to the slow progressors (p = 0.05). Conclusion: Most bronchiectatic airways developed within 2 years without visible pre-stages, underlining the treacherous nature of CF lung disease. Mucus plugging was the most frequent pre-stage. Key Points: • Development of bronchiectasis in cystic fibrosis lung disease on CT.• Most bronchiectatic airways developed within 2 years without pre-stages.• The most frequently identified pre-stage was mucus plugging.• This study underlines the treacherous nature of CF lung disease

    Impact of bronchiectasis and trapped air on quality of life and exacerbations in cystic fibrosis

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    Cystic fibrosis (CF) is primarily characterised by bronchiectasis and trapped air on chest computed tomography (CT). The revised Cystic Fibrosis Questionnaire respiratory symptoms scale (CFQ-R RSS) measures health-related quality of life. To validate bronchiectasis, trapped air and CFQ-R RSS as outcome measures, we investigated correlations and predictive values for pulmonary exacerbations. CF patients (aged 6-20 years) underwent CT, CFQ-R RSS and 1-year follow-up. Bronchiectasis and trapped air were scored using the CF-CT scoring system. Correlation coefficients and backward multivariate modelling were used to identify predictors of pulmonary exacerbations. 40 children and 32 adolescents were included. CF-CT bronchiectasis (r=-0.38, p<0.001) and CF-CT trapped air (r=-0.35, p=0.003) correlated with CFQ-R RSS. Pulmonary exacerbations were associated with: bronchiectasis (rate ratio 1.10, 95% CI 1.02-1.19; p=0.009), trapped air (rate ratio 1.02, 95% CI 1.00- 1.05; p=0.034) and CFQ-R RSS (rate ratio 0.95, 95% CI 0.91-0.98; p=0.002). The CFQ-R RSS was an independent predictor of pulmonary exacerbations (rate ratio 0.96, 95% CI 0.94-0.97; p<0.001). Bronchiectasis, trapped air and CFQ-R RSS were associated with pulmonary exacerbations. The CFQ-R RSS was an independent predictor. This study further validated bronchiectasis, trapped air and CFQ-R RSS as outcome measures in CF. Copyrigh