1,712 research outputs found

    Properties of the Cosmological Density Distribution Function

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    The properties of the probability distribution function of the cosmological continuous density field are studied. We present further developments and compare dynamically motivated methods to derive the PDF. One of them is based on the Zel'dovich approximation (ZA). We extend this method for arbitrary initial conditions, regardless of whether they are Gaussian or not. The other approach is based on perturbation theory with Gaussian initial fluctuations. We include the smoothing effects in the PDFs. We examine the relationships between the shapes of the PDFs and the moments. It is found that formally there are no moments in the ZA, but a way to resolve this issue is proposed, based on the regularization of integrals. A closed form for the generating function of the moments in the ZA is also presented, including the smoothing effects. We suggest the methods to build PDFs out of the whole series of the moments, or out of a limited number of moments -- the Edgeworth expansion. The last approach gives us an alternative method to evaluate the skewness and kurtosis by measuring the PDF around its peak. We note a general connection between the generating function of moments for small r.m.s ŌÉ\sigma and the non-linear evolution of the overdense spherical fluctuation in the dynamical models. All these approaches have been applied in 1D case where the ZA is exact, and simple analytical results are obtained. The 3D case is analyzed in the same manner and we found a mutual agreement in the PDFs derived by different methods in the the quasi-linear regime. Numerical CDM simulation was used to validate the accuracy of considered approximations. We explain the successful log-normal fit of the PDF from that simulation at moderate ŌÉ\sigma as mere fortune, but not as a universal form of density PDF in general.Comment: 30 pages in Plain Tex, 1 table and 11 figures available as postscript files by anonymous ftp from ftp.cita.utoronto.ca in directory /cita/francis/lev, IFA-94-1

    Some Remarks on Oscillating Inflation

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    In a recent paper Damour and Mukhanov describe a scenario where inflation may continue during the oscillatory phase. This effect is possible because the scalar field spends a significant fraction of each period of oscillation on the upper part of the potential. Such additional period of inflation could push perturbations after the slow roll regime to observable scales. Although in this work we show that the small region of the Damour-Mukhanov parameter q gives the main contribution to oscillating inflation, it was not satisfactory understood until now. Furthermore, it gives an expression for the energy density spectrum of perturbations, which is well behaved in the whole physical range of q .Comment: 4 pages including figures caption, 3 ps-figures. To appear in Phys. Rev.

    On Metric Preheating

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    We consider the generation of super-horizon metric fluctuations during an epoch of preheating in the presence of a scalar field \chi quadratically coupled to the inflaton. We find that the requirement of efficient broad resonance is concomitant with a severe damping of super-horizon \delta\chi quantum fluctuations during inflation. Employing perturbation theory with backreaction included as spatial averages to second order in the scalar fields and in the metric, we argue that the usual inflationary prediction for metric perturbations on scales relevant for structure formation is not strongly modified.Comment: 5 latex pages, 1 postscript figure included, uses revtex.sty in two column format and epsf.sty, some typos corrected and references added. Links and further material at http://astro.uchicago.edu/home/web/sigl/r4.htm

    Semiclassical ultraextremal horizons

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    We examine backreaction of quantum massive fields on multiply-degenerate (ultraextremal) horizons. It is shown that, under influence of the quantum backreaction, the horizon of such a kind moves to a new position, near which the metric does not change its asymptotics, so the ultraextremal black holes and cosmological spacetimes do exist as self-consistent solutions of the semiclassical field equations.Comment: References adde

    Topological Defects Formation after Inflation on Lattice Simulation

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    We consider the formation of topological defects after inflation. In order to take into account the effects of the rescattering of fluctuations, we integrate the classical equation that describes the evolution of a complex scalar field on the two-dimensional lattice with a slab symmetry. The growth of fluctuations during preheating is found not to be enough for defect formation, and rather a long stage of the rescattering of fluctuations after preheating is necessary. We conclude that the topological defects are not formed if the breaking scale \eta is lager than \sim (2 - 3)\times 10^{16} GeV.Comment: 7 pages, RevTex, 10 postscript figures included; version to be published in Phys. Rev.

    Galaxy-CMB Cross-Correlation as a Probe of Alternative Models of Gravity

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    Bekenstein's alternative to general relativity, TeVeS, reduces to Modified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND) in the galactic limit. On cosmological scales, the (potential well overdensity) relationship is quite different than in standard general relativity. Here we investigate the possibility of cross-correlating galaxies with the cosmic microwave background (CMB) to probe this relationship. At redshifts of order 2, the sign of the CMB-galaxy correlation differs in TeVeS from that in general relativity. We show that this effect is detectable and hence can serve as a powerful discriminator of these two models of gravity.Comment: 10 pages, 6 figures, revised version re-submitted to Phys. Rev.

    Muslim youth in Barnet: exploring identity, citizenship and belonging

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