3,785 research outputs found

    Constraints on directionality effect of nuclear recoils in a liquid argon time projection chamber

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    Measurement of the production of (anti)nuclei in p‚ÄďPb collisions at sNN=8.16TeV

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    Measurements of (anti)proton, (anti)deuteron, and (anti)3He production in the rapidity range ‚ąí1<y<0 as a function of the transverse momentum and event multiplicity in p‚ÄďPb collisions at a center-of-mass energy per nucleon‚Äďnucleon pair sNN=8.16TeV are presented. The coalescence parameters B2 and B3, measured as a function of the transverse momentum per nucleon and of the mean charged-particle multiplicity density, confirm a smooth evolution from low to high multiplicity across different collision systems and energies. The ratios between (anti)deuteron and (anti)3He yields and those of (anti)protons are also reported as a function of the mean charged-particle multiplicity density. A comparison with the predictions of the statistical hadronization and coalescence models for different collision systems and center-of-mass energies favors the coalescence description for the deuteron-to-proton yield ratio with respect to the canonical statistical model

    Anisotropic flow and flow fluctuations of identified hadrons in Pb‚ÄďPb collisions at ‚ąösNN = 5.02 TeV

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    The first measurements of elliptic flow of ŌÄ ¬Ī, K ¬Ī, p + p ¬Į , KS0 , őõ + őõ ¬Į , Ōē, őě ‚ąí+ őě ¬Į + , and ő© ‚ąí+ ő© ¬Į + using multiparticle cumulants in Pb‚ÄďPb collisions at sNN = 5.02 TeV are resented. Results obtained with two- (v 2{2}) and four-particle cumulants (v 2{4}) are shown as a function of transverse momentum, p T, for various collision centrality intervals. Combining the data for both v 2{2} and v 2{4} also allows us to report the first measurements of the mean elliptic flow, elliptic flow fluctuations, and relative elliptic flow fluctuations for various hadron species. These observables probe the event-by-event eccentricity fluctuations in the initial state and the contributions from the dynamic evolution of the expanding quark‚Äďgluon plasma. The characteristic features observed in previous p T-differential anisotropic flow measurements for identified hadrons with two-particle correlations, namely the mass ordering at low p T and the approximate scaling with the number of constituent quarks at intermediate p T, are similarly present in the four-particle correlations and the combinations of v 2{2} and v 2{4}. In addition, a particle species dependence of flow fluctuations is observed that could indicate a significant contribution from final state hadronic interactions. The comparison between experimental measurements and CoLBT model calculations, which combine the various physics processes of hydrodynamics, quark coalescence, and jet fragmentation, illustrates their importance over a wide p T range. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

    W-+/--boson production in p-Pb collisions at root sNN=8.16 TeV and Pb-Pb collisions at root sNN=5.02 TeV

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    Directionality of nuclear recoils in a liquid argon time projection chamber

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    International audienceThe direct search for dark matter in the form of weakly interacting massive particles (WIMP) is performed by detecting nuclear recoils (NR) produced in a target material from the WIMP elastic scattering. A promising experimental strategy for direct dark matter search employs argon dual-phase time projection chambers (TPC). One of the advantages of the TPC is the capability to detect both the scintillation and charge signals produced by NRs. Furthermore, the existence of a drift electric field in the TPC breaks the rotational symmetry: the angle between the drift field and the momentum of the recoiling nucleus can potentially affect the charge recombination probability in liquid argon and then the relative balance between the two signal channels. This fact could make the detector sensitive to the directionality of the WIMP-induced signal, enabling unmistakable annual and daily modulation signatures for future searches aiming for discovery. The Recoil Directionality (ReD) experiment was designed to probe for such directional sensitivity. The TPC of ReD was irradiated with neutrons at the INFN Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, and data were taken with 72 keV NRs of known recoil directions. The direction-dependent liquid argon charge recombination model by Cataudella et al. was adopted and a likelihood statistical analysis was performed, which gave no indications of significant dependence of the detector response to the recoil direction. The aspect ratio R of the initial ionization cloud is estimated to be 1.037 +/- 0.027 and the upper limit is R < 1.072 with 90% confidence leve

    Study on cosmogenic activation above ground for the DarkSide-20k project

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    International audienceThe activation of materials due to the exposure to cosmic rays may become an important background source for experiments investigating rare event phenomena. DarkSide-20k is a direct detection experiment for galactic dark matter particles, using a two-phase liquid argon time projection chamber filled with 49.7 tonnes (active mass) of Underground Argon (UAr) depleted in 39Ar. Here, the cosmogenic activity of relevant long-lived radioisotopes induced in the argon and other massive components of the set-up has been estimated; production of 120 t of radiopure UAr is foreseen. The expected exposure above ground and production rates, either measured or calculated, have been considered. From the simulated counting rates in the detector due to cosmogenic isotopes, it is concluded that activation in copper and stainless steel is not problematic. Activation of titanium, considered in early designs but not used in the final design, is discussed. The activity of 39Ar induced during extraction, purification and transport on surface, in baseline conditions, is evaluated to be 2.8% of the activity measured in UAr from the same source, and thus considered acceptable. Other products in the UAr such as 37Ar and 3H are shown to not be relevant due to short half-life and assumed purification methods