1,713 research outputs found

### Diophantine equations with Euler polynomials

In this paper we determine possible decompositions of Euler polynomials $E_k(x)$, i.e. possible ways of writing Euler polynomials as a functional composition of polynomials of lower degree. Using this result together with the well-known criterion of Bilu and Tichy, we prove that the Diophantine equation $-1^k +2 ^k - \cdots + (-1)^{x} x^k=g(y),$ with $g\in \mathbb{Q}[X]$ of degree at least $2$ and $k\geq 7$, has only finitely many integers solutions $x, y$ unless polynomial $g$ can be decomposed in ways that we list explicitly.Comment: to appear in Acta Arithmetic

### Decomposable polynomials in second order linear recurrence sequences

We study elements of second order linear recurrence sequences $(G_n)_{n= 0}^{\infty}$ of polynomials in $\mathbb{C}[x]$ which are decomposable, i.e. representable as $G_n=g\circ h$ for some $g, h\in \mathbb{C}[x]$ satisfying $\operatorname{deg}g,\operatorname{deg}h>1$. Under certain assumptions, and provided that $h$ is not of particular type, we show that $\operatorname{deg}g$ may be bounded by a constant independent of $n$, depending only on the sequence.Comment: 26 page

### On equal values of power sums of arithmetic progressions

In this paper we consider the Diophantine equation \begin{align*}b^k +\left(a+b\right)^k &+ \cdots + \left(a\left(x-1\right) + b\right)^k=\\ &=d^l + \left(c+d\right)^l + \cdots + \left(c\left(y-1\right) + d\right)^l, \end{align*} where $a,b,c,d,k,l$ are given integers. We prove that, under some reasonable assumptions, this equation has only finitely many integer solutions.Comment: This version differs slightly from the published version in its expositio

### Will physical activity increase academic performance?

The purpose of this synthesis project is to collectively assess and analyze the critical mass of research articles to determine if physical activity can increase academic performance. The studies that met the inclusion criteria of examining the effects of physical activity on academic performance were included in this project. The articles were analyzed by using a synthesis grid, which helped to organize and examine the methods, results and discussions. Themes, such as effects on executive functioning, effects on academic core subjects and weekly hours, were accumulated from the articles. Based upon the critical mass; the results indicate that there can be a positive relationship between physical activity and academic performance. From this, discussion points were concluded examining grade level differences, advocating for physical education, comprehensive school physical activity program, after school sport participation, limitations and recommendations for future research

### On conjectures and problems of Ruzsa concerning difference graphs of S-units

Given a finite nonempty set of primes S, we build a graph $\mathcal{G}$ with vertex set $\mathbb{Q}$ by connecting x and y if the prime divisors of both the numerator and denominator of x-y are from S. In this paper we resolve two conjectures posed by Ruzsa concerning the possible sizes of induced nondegenerate cycles of $\mathcal{G}$, and also a problem of Ruzsa concerning the existence of subgraphs of $\mathcal{G}$ which are not induced subgraphs.Comment: 15 page