4 research outputs found

    Variational Autoencoding Molecular Graphs with Denoising Diffusion Probabilistic Model

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    In data-driven drug discovery, designing molecular descriptors is a very important task. Deep generative models such as variational autoencoders (VAEs) offer a potential solution by designing descriptors as probabilistic latent vectors derived from molecular structures. These models can be trained on large datasets, which have only molecular structures, and applied to transfer learning. Nevertheless, the approximate posterior distribution of the latent vectors of the usual VAE assumes a simple multivariate Gaussian distribution with zero covariance, which may limit the performance of representing the latent features. To overcome this limitation, we propose a novel molecular deep generative model that incorporates a hierarchical structure into the probabilistic latent vectors. We achieve this by a denoising diffusion probabilistic model (DDPM). We demonstrate that our model can design effective molecular latent vectors for molecular property prediction from some experiments by small datasets on physical properties and activity. The results highlight the superior prediction performance and robustness of our model compared to existing approaches.Comment: 2 pages. Short paper submitted to IEEE CIBCB 202

    Embedding of Molecular Structure Using Molecular Hypergraph Variational Autoencoder with Metric Learning

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    Deep learning approaches are widely used to search molecular structures for a candidate drug/material. The basic approach in drug/material candidate structure discovery is to embed a relationship that holds between a molecular structure and the physical property into a low‐dimensional vector space (chemical space) and search for a candidate molecular structure in that space based on a desired physical property value. Deep learning simplifies the structure search by efficiently modeling the structure of the chemical space with greater detail and lower dimensions than the original input space. In our research, we propose an effective method for molecular embedding learning that combines variational autoencoders (VAEs) and metric learning using any physical property. Our method enables molecular structures and physical properties to be embedded locally and continuously into VAEs’ latent space while maintaining the consistency of the relationship between the structural features and the physical properties of molecules to yield better predictions