58 research outputs found

    Black Sea hydroclimate and coupled hydrology was strongly controlled by high-latitude glacial climate dynamics

    No full text
    Abstract The Black Sea experienced pronounced millennial-scale changes in temperature and rainfall during the last glacial coinciding with Dansgaard-Oeschger cycles. However, little is known regarding the amount and sources of freshwater reaching this inland basin. Here, we present detailed ostracod δ18O data from the glacial Black Sea showing subdued Dansgaard-Oeschger cyclicity and four prominent longer-term saw-tooth shaped Bond-like cycles. We propose that the δ18Oostracods signature primarily reflects changes in the atmospheric circulation in response to the waxing and waning Eurasian Ice Sheet. The millennial-scale ice sheet variations likely resulted not only in latitudinal migrations of atmospheric frontal systems but also in shifts of dominant moisture sources for the Black Sea. Heavier isotopic precipitation arrived from the North Atlantic-Mediterranean realm during the warmer interstadials and lighter isotopic precipitation from the Eurasian continental interior during the colder stadials. The subdued Dansgaard-Oeschger variability likely reflects an integrated precipitation signal additionally affected by the long mixing times of the large Black Sea volume up to 1,500 years as suggested from hydrologic-isotope-balance modelling.Moisture sources to the Black Sea changed in response to atmospheric frontal displacements driven by Eurasian Ice Sheet dynamics during the last glacial period, according to analyses of ostracod oxygen and strontium isotope data from Black Sea sediments.Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (German Research Foundation) https://doi.org/10.13039/501100001659https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.454557

    Black Sea hydroclimate and coupled hydrology was strongly controlled by high-latitude glacial climate dynamics

    No full text
    <jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:p>The Black Sea experienced pronounced millennial-scale changes in temperature and rainfall during the last glacial coinciding with Dansgaard-Oeschger cycles. However, little is known regarding the amount and sources of freshwater reaching this inland basin. Here, we present detailed ostracod δ<jats:sup>18</jats:sup>O data from the glacial Black Sea showing subdued Dansgaard-Oeschger cyclicity and four prominent longer-term saw-tooth shaped Bond-like cycles. We propose that the δ<jats:sup>18</jats:sup>O<jats:sub>ostracods</jats:sub> signature primarily reflects changes in the atmospheric circulation in response to the waxing and waning Eurasian Ice Sheet. The millennial-scale ice sheet variations likely resulted not only in latitudinal migrations of atmospheric frontal systems but also in shifts of dominant moisture sources for the Black Sea. Heavier isotopic precipitation arrived from the North Atlantic-Mediterranean realm during the warmer interstadials and lighter isotopic precipitation from the Eurasian continental interior during the colder stadials. The subdued Dansgaard-Oeschger variability likely reflects an integrated precipitation signal additionally affected by the long mixing times of the large Black Sea volume up to 1,500 years as suggested from hydrologic-isotope-balance modelling.</jats:p&gt

    Quantitative data extraction from orthopyroxene trace element maps and its potential to examine the formation of the UG2 unit, Bushveld complex

    No full text
    We present a mineral chemical stratigraphy across the UG2 Unit, situated in the Upper Critical Zone of the Bushveld Complex. The magmatic evolution of the rocks hosting this world-class ore deposit for chromium and platinum group elements (PGEs) is still under debate. Orthopyroxene is a common phase across the magmatic stratigraphy of the unit. It hosts trace metals, whose relative contents can record information about magmatic processes. This study determined laser ablation inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) trace element data for orthopyroxene and spot LA multi-collector ICP-MS Sr-isotope data for plagioclase. Mapping of trace element distributions revealed internal zoning in Cr, V, Y, and Th. Unlike in conventional spot analysis, quantitative trace element concentrations were extracted post-analysis from two-dimensional LA-ICP-MS maps. This approach offered advantages over spot analysis. The maps revealed internal complexities (e.g., inclusions, exsolved phases, zonations and diffusion halos) that could be avoided with suitable thresholds for chemical filter elements (i.e., 100 ppm < Cr < 4000 ppm, Y < 6 ppm), permitting fast, automated extraction of pure orthopyroxene data pixels from elemental maps covering noritic, troctolitic, anorthositic and chromititic mineral assemblages. Diffusive equilibration in orthopyroxene was evaluated by comparing zonations in elements with different known diffusivities. Magnesium and Ni are homogenously distributed, indicative of rapid diffusive processes, while Cr and V show zonations, interpreted to largely reflect primary distribution. Thorium and Y apparently diffused along discrete pathways, indicated by concentration anomalies following orthopyroxene lamellae. A systematic study of the trace element inventory of orthopyroxene across the succession of the UG2 Unit, complemented with Sr isotope signatures of plagioclase, revealed clear evidence for open-system processes: compatible elements (Cr, Ni) are decoupled from Mg# variations in orthopyroxene from specific UG2 subunits; distinct Mg# peaks coincide with negative V excursions in orthopyroxene from chromite-bearing subunits; towards the top of the unit, plagioclase shows a distinct Sr/ Sr peak and orthopyroxene shows Cr-depleted and Th-enriched rims. These chemical features cannot be explained by crystal mixing alone and argue for the involvement of at least two chemically distinct melts in the formation of the studied UG2 section
    • …
    corecore