3 research outputs found

    Making it to the top: Do family-friendly workplaces support the advancement of women?

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    Following an expansionist theory of work and family (Barnett & Hyde, 2001), the current study explores organizational factors that contribute to beneficial effects of having multiple roles for working parents. It was predicted and found that informal and formal support for families alleviates negative spillover and amplifies positive spillover between work and family roles. The results further indicate that the extent to which individuals' home lives positively affect their work lives facilitates their advancement. Contrary to the hypotheses, these effects were weaker for mothers than for fathers or individuals without children. As such, the current study contributes to a growing understanding of the difficult balance between work and family and uniquely considers its impact on women's advancement in organizations

    The effect of bias on the advancement of working mothers: Disentangling legitimate concerns from inaccurate stereotypes as predictors of career success

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    Workers often strive to achieve the financial and psychological benefits that are associated with career success. Accordingly, organizational scholars have investigated the determinants of advancement in organizations. However, despite the increasing proportion of working parents and the potential incongruity between involvement in family and success at work, little research has directly considered the effects of parental status and responsibilities on advancement. This study examines the extent to which both genuine (i.e., self-reported) and perceived (i.e., supervisor-reported) behaviors and attitudes about work and family influence the success of working parents. As such, this is the first study to consider the relative importance of supervisor perceptions of work-family constructs in determining career success. Furthermore, drawing from social role theory, it is predicted and found that stereotypes about working mothers drive biased perceptions about their work attitudes and behaviors. Thus, this research provides empirical evidence to support the widely-held assumption that one mechanism underlying the "maternal wall" is bias toward working mothers