961 research outputs found

    Large magnetic field-induced spectral weight enhancement of high-energy spin excitations in La1.88Sr0.12CuO4La_{1.88}Sr_{0.12}CuO_{4}

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    We report electronic Raman scattering experiments on a superconducting La1.88Sr0.12CuO4{\rm La_{1.88}Sr_{0.12}CuO_{4}} single crystal in a magnetic field. At low temperatures, the spectral weight of the high-energy two-magnon peak increases linearly with field and is amplified by a factor of more than two at 14 T. The effect disappears at elevated temperatures and is not present in undoped La2CuO4{\rm La_{2}CuO_{4}}. This observation is discussed in terms of an electronically inhomogeneous state in which the field enhances the volume fraction of a phase with local antiferromagnetic order at the expense of the superconducting phase.Comment: to appear in PR

    Spin-Wave Lifetimes Throughout the Brillouin Zone

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    We use a neutron spin-echo method with őľ\mueV resolution to determine the lifetimes of spin waves in the prototypical antiferromagnet MnF2_2 over the entire Brillouin zone. A theory based on the interaction of magnons with longitudinal spin fluctuations provides an excellent, parameter-free description of the data, except at the lowest momenta and temperatures. This is surprising, given the prominence of alternative theories based on magnon-magnon interactions in the literature. The results and technique open up a new avenue for the investigation of fundamental concepts in magnetism. The technique also allows measurement of the lifetimes of other elementary excitations (such as lattice vibrations) throughout the Brillouin zone.Comment: 12 pages, 4 figure

    Magnetic structure of the edge-sharing copper oxide chain compound NaCu2O2

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    Single-crystal neutron diffraction has been used to determine the incommensurate magnetic structure of NaCu2O2, a compound built up of chains of edge-sharing CuO4 plaquettes. Magnetic structures compatible with the lattice symmetry were identified by a group-theoretical analysis, and their magnetic structure factors were compared to the experimentally observed Bragg intensities. In conjunction with other experimental data, this analysis yields an elliptical helix structure in which both the helicity and the polarization plane alternate among copper-oxide chains. This magnetic ground state is discussed in the context of the recently reported multiferroic properties of other copper-oxide chain compounds

    Spin-orbital excitation continuum and anomalous electron-phonon interaction in the Mott insulator LaTiO3_3

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    Raman scattering experiments on stoichiometric, Mott-insulating LaTiO3_3 over a wide range of excitation energies reveal a broad electronic continuum which is featureless in the paramagnetic state, but develops a gap of ‚ąľ800\sim 800 cm‚ąí1^{-1} upon cooling below the N\'eel temperature TN=146T_N = 146 K. In the antiferromagnetic state, the spectral weight below the gap is transferred to well-defined spectral features due to spin and orbital excitations. Low-energy phonons exhibit pronounced Fano anomalies indicative of strong interaction with the electron system for T>TNT > T_N, but become sharp and symmetric for T<TNT < T_N. The electronic continuum and the marked renormalization of the phonon lifetime by the onset of magnetic order are highly unusual for Mott insulators and indicate liquid-like correlations between spins and orbitals.Comment: to appear in Phys. Rev. Let
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