478 research outputs found

    Understanding peace perceptions of Islamic actors concerning the peace process in Turkey and their normative proposal for achieving peace

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    The literature on religious norms and actors’ positive contribution to peace has been growing in the field of conflict resolution. While some discussions concerning ‘religion’ have been regarded its role as a sparking factor for the emergence and the escalation of conflicts, it has been accepted by another branch of scholars as a facilitating instrument for creating a peaceful environment. Those, who side with the positive contribution of religious norms and actors to peace, highlight the multiplicity of religious values in the pursuit of peace. To examine the potential role of religious norms and actors for peace in Turkey’s Kurdish issue, this study investigates peace understanding of religious actors in Turkey and their normative recommendations for peace in a conflictual environment. By considering that religious actors are not homogenous in terms of their ideological stance, this thesis also examines the effect of religious actors’ ideological stance in their understanding of peace and religious norms. Turkey’s peace process (2013-20115) was utilized as a case study in exploring their perception of peace. The findings show that despite ideological differences of the religious actors, certain Islamic norms were commonly emphasized by them to promote ‘peace.’ Although women religious actors as contributors to peace may not be adequately recognized, the inclusive understanding of women participants implies the need for both further examination of their role in conflict resolution. Besides, what the characteristics of religious actors, who might contribute to peace, should be constitutes another discussion presented in this thesis

    Emotion regulation in European American and Hong Kong Chinese middle school children

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    This study explored emotion regulation strategies in middle school European American (N = 54) and Hong Kong Chinese (N =89) children. Based on Gross’s theory (1998), the Survey of Emotion Regulation Strategies was designed to study children’s perceived effectiveness of emotion regulation strategies (deep breathing, thinking positively, situation avoidance, talking and suppression) in three fictitious scenarios associated with sadness, anger, and fear. Five mixed ANOVAs were conducted to evaluate the effect of culture, gender and the type of emotion on each emotion regulation strategy. The results demonstrated that American children considered deep breathing more effective in dealing with anger than with sad feelings; whereas Chinese children—in dealing with anger and fear than with sadness. Overall, American children scored higher than Chinese children for thinking positively, talking to someone, and situation avoidance strategies. However, both American and Chinese children preferred situation avoidance in dealing with anger then with fear and sadness and talking to somebody in dealing with anger and sadness than with fear. Children’s explanations of why emotion regulation strategies were effective or ineffective were also explored

    It is Fear, Not Disgust, That Enhances Memory: Experimental Study on Students in Bandung

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    A number of research findings have found the impact of emotion on memory. Some researchers stated that disgust has more impact on memory, however according to the current study the effect of fear cannot be ignored. Both disgust and fear are examples of negative emotion that may have a significant influence on behavior, such as in the attempt of creating a healthy lifestyle. The current study involved an experiment where participants were asked to memorize and recall four randomly displayed picture categories that elicit emotions of disgust, fear, joy, and neutral emotion. They also filled out a DS-R (Disgust Scale-Revised) questionnaire and a supporting questionnaire about healthy lifestyle. Analysis of the results showed that disgust did not show an effect on memory, but fear instead did. This is related to the fact that most participants showed a low degree of disgust, and so it was not considered a significant emotion that affected memory compared to fear. In addition, physiologically fear and disgust are managed by different parts of the brain and thus it was assumed that they will have a different impact on memory. The findings implied that, in campaigning for a healthier lifestyle, fear emotion need to be instilled in people

    Boys' and girls' experiences on school well-being in lower secondary schools

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    Relevance of the topic: The well-being of pupils in our society has been declining. The boys and girls are involved in activities that are not having a good impact on their growth and development both at home and at school. This situation has caused poor pupil-pupil relationship, poor teacher-pupil relationship and a decrease in life satisfaction. Hence, the pupils' health and well-being are being affected. This need to be addressed by rectifying the problem. The boys and girls tend to have a different view on many aspects of life, and it is possible that their views on school well-being may differ. Hence, the need to study boys' and girls' experiences on well-being in lower secondary school to help in their growth and development. Objective: To examine boys' and girls' experiences on school well-being in lower secondary schools. Methods: The current study consisted of 100 pupils from lower secondary schools in different parts of Finland. The data was collected from 2014 to 2015 and included both boys and girls. The survey was focused on school well-being and the data was collected through School Well-being evaluation tool. The pupils had to express their views about the best features in their schools and the things in their schools that need improvement. The questionnaires on school well-being were filled on the internet in their schools. The thematic analysis approach was used, which is a qualitative method that involves six stages of analysis to produce the results. Results: The boys' and girls' experiences on school well-being in lower secondary schools were quite similar in some areas. Their experiences on the best features in the schools and things in their schools that need improvement had some differences. The girls' best features in the schools were mainly facilities in the schools and food whereas the boys were mainly community and lessons. The girls were dominant for improvements in facilities and temperatures whereas the boys were dominant for improvement in food and feelings. Overall the pupils seemed to be satisfied with the school environment because they all had responses for the best features in their schools but not responses to things that need improvement. Conclusion: The pupils in lower secondary school growth and development are important. A proper environment for them to develop and grow is essential. Hence, there is need to consider the experiences of both boys and girls on the best features in their schools and things that need improvement as a method for promoting school well-being

    Scheduling with tool changes to minimize total completion time under controllable machining conditions

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    Cataloged from PDF version of article.Scheduling under controllable machining conditions has been studied for some time. Scheduling with tool changes, particularly due to tool wear, has just begun to receive attention. Though machining conditions impact tool wear and induce tool change, the two issues have not been considered together.We address for the first time the problem of scheduling a computer numerically controlled (CNC) machine subject to tool changes and controllable machining conditions; our objective is to minimize the total completion time of a given set of jobs. We establish an important result that helps us identify feasible settings of machining parameters such as feed rate and cutting speed. However, the problem at hand remains intractable, even when a single setting is used. In the general case, we are able to solve the problem exactly for up to 30 jobs using a mixed integer linear programming formulation. For larger problems, we turn to approximate solution via heuristics. We examine a number of different schemes. The best of these schemes are used in a problem space genetic algorithm; this produces quality solutions in a time-efficient manner, as is evidenced from an extensive computational study conducted by us. 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved
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