2,360 research outputs found

    Effect of Irrigation and Potash Levels on Keeping Quality of Potato

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    Irrigation and fertilizer are the most dominating factors, in deciding the keeping quality of potato. It is, therefore, essential to formulate the efficient, reliable and economically viable irrigation management strategy with the use of potassium nutrient in order to produce better keeping quality. The investigation comprising four levels of irrigation (25, 30, 35 and 40 mm CPE (Cumulative pan evaporation) and four levels of potash (0, 100, 125 and 150 kg/ha) was carried out at Research Farm of the Department of Vegetable Science, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, (Haryana) Hisar, India during two years to find out the optimum level of irrigation and potash for obtaining higher yield of potatoes with better keeping quality at ambient room temperature. The potato variety used for the investigation was Kufri Bahar. The treatments were laid out in a split plot design with three replications. The increasing levels of irrigation and potash showed significant improvement in keeping quality parameters of potato. Likewise, the values for physiological loss in weight and decay loss of potato tubers (%) at 15, 30, 45 and 60 days after harvest were the lowest with irrigation level 40 mm CPE and application of potash @ 150 kg/ha. The two years results suggest that the irrigation level 40 mm CPE along with potash @ 150 kg/ha has shown the best treatment combination for the storage of potato at ambient room temperature under semiarid conditions of Hisar (Haryana)

    Interactive flight control system analysis program

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    A summary of the development, use, and documentation of the interactive software (DIGIKON IV) for flight control system analyses is presented. A list of recommendations for future development is also included

    Isolation and identification of azo dye degrading microbes using 16s r RNA sequencing

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    The aim of the present study was to isolate and identify azo dye degrading microbes using 16s r RNA sequencing. For this, ten effluent and fifty soil samples were collected from textile industry from a discharge panel of textile industries near Peenya and Magadi road Industrial area, Bengaluru, and dying industries near Kerur, Bagalkot, Karnataka, India. The pH, temperature, BOD, COD, Odor, Total dissolved solid (TDS), Total suspended solids (TSS), Chemical oxygen demand (COD), Biological oxygen demand (BOD), Dissolved Oxygen (DO), and Total Hardness values were very high when compared with the values given by the Bureau of Indian Standards. Pure cultures were screened on the basis of colony morphology. Three different types of unique cultures were selected and named as isolates S1, S2 and S3. Outof 6 dyes viz. Corafast blue, Corafast red, Red 3BN, Solophenyl Brown, RemazoleRG , Rubin M2B used, isolate S1 showed degradation on the maximum number of dyes Red 3BN, Corafast blue, Corafast red, in comparison to other isolates (isolates S2 and S3). Thus, isolate S1 was used for the further studies. For this study Red 3BN dye was chosen. The isolated bacterium was gram positive Bacilli. In the biochemical characterization, the isolate was partially confirmed as Bacillus sp. Further, the selected isolate was identified by sequencing the 16S rRNA sequencing. The bacterial isolate was identified as Bacillus species exhibiting 99% similarity, the phylogenic relationship of 16S ribosomal RNA gene, partial sequence of the isolated strain and species related to Bacillus species in the gene bank database. Thus, this organism may be used significantly in effluent treatment such as textile, paper, ink and other industries

    Development and histogenesis of human foetal lung in relation with gestational age

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    Background:The objective was to study the development and histogenesis of human foetal lung in relation with different gestational age.Methods:In the present study lung specimens were collected from formalin fixed 27 aborted foetuses (14 male, 13 female) by abdominal dissection between 6 weeks to 40 weeks of gestational age.Results:In the present study we observed that there was a delay in the appearance of embryonic, pseudo glandular phase, canalicular, terminal saccular and alveolar stages of the lung.Conclusion:Delay in the developmental anatomy and histogenesis of the lung cells leads to histopathological abnormalities which gives knowledge to the clinicians during clinical procedures

    Two year review of maternal mortality at a tertiary care hospital of GMERS, Valsad, Gujarat, India

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    Background: According to the WHO, 80 of maternal deaths in developing countries are due to direct maternal causes such as haemorrhage, hypertensive disorders and sepsis. These deaths are largely preventable. Maternal mortality ratio (MMR) in India is 167/100,000 live births.Methods: This retrospective observational study was conducted at GMERS, Valsad. Data regarding maternal deaths from January 2016 to December 2017 were collected and analyzed with respect to epidemiological parameters. The number of live births in the same period was obtained from the labour ward ragister. Maternal mortality rate and Mean maternal mortality ratio for the study period was calculated.Results: The mean Maternal mortality rate in the study period was 413.3/100,000 births. The maternal mortality ratio (MMR) in India is 167/100,000 live births. More than half of maternal deaths were reported in multiparous patients. More maternal deaths were observed in women from rural areas (67.3%), unbooked patients (73.3%) and illiterate women (65.3%). Thirty six (69.3%) maternal death occurred during postpartum period. Most common delay was first delay (60.0%) followed by second delay (40.0%). Postpartum haemorrhage (28.8%), preeclampsia (17.3%), sepsis (13.46%) were the major direct causes of maternal deaths. Indirect causes accounted for one third of maternal deaths in our study. Anemia, hepatitis and heart disease were responsible for 13.4%, 5.7%, and 1.9% of maternal deaths, respectively.Conclusions: Majority of maternal deaths are observed in patients from rural areas, unbooked, and illiterate patients. Hemorrhage, eclampsia and sepsis are leading causes of maternal deaths. Most of these maternal deaths are preventable if patients are given appropriate treatment at periphery and timely referred to higher centers

    Impact of counselling on selecting a hormonal contraceptive method

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    Background: Unmet need for family planning is an important indicator for assessing the demand for family planning services. As per NFHS-4, the contraceptive prevalence rate in women age 15-49 years was 53.5 % and the unmet need for family planning among married women was 12.9%. Counselling provides the Health care professionals (HCPs) an opportunity to understand the individual need of a contraceptive seeker.Methods: This was a cross-sectional, observational study conducted at GMERS hospital, Valsad during June 2017 to October 2017. Sexually active women of 18 to 40 years who consulted HCPs for contraception and who interested in starting hormonal contraceptive method or expressed interest in switching (changing) to hormonal methods were included in the study. Total 213 women were enrolled in the study.  Questionnaires with information on the women’s pre- and post-counseling contraceptive choice, her perceptions, and the reasons behind her post-counseling decision were filled both by the HCP and the participating women. The completed questionnaires were collected and analyzed.Results: During pre-counseling, most common hormonal contraceptive method selected by women was combined hormonal contraceptive pills followed by DMPA, LNG-IUS and POPs. In present study, structured contraception counseling helped most women (97.2 %) to choose a contraceptive method. There were statistically significant differences in choice of contraceptive methods during pre and post-counseling except COCs. Among hormonal contraceptive methods, maximum difference was observed for choice of the COCs after counseling as compared to pre-counseling. Counseling helped more than 90% of the women who were indecisive to choose any contraceptive method. More than three fourth of them opted for hormonal methods with a maximum selection of COCs. The most common reasons for selecting COCs was ease of use for COC, breast feeding for POP and the most common reasons for not choosing other available contraceptive methods was discussion with partner.Conclusions: The combined hormonal contraceptive pills were reported to be the most commonly used contraceptive method. There were statistically significant differences in choice of contraceptive methods during pre and post-counseling with maximum difference in COCs. Counseling helped most of the women who were indecisive to choose any contraceptive method