3,728 research outputs found

    Multi--Layer Structure in the Strongly Coupled 5D Abelian Higgs Model

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    We explore the phase diagram of the five-dimensional anisotropic Abelian Higgs model by Monte Carlo simulations. In particular, we study the transition between the confining phase and the four dimensional layered Higgs phase. We find that, in a certain region of the lattice parameter space, this transition can be first order and that each layer moves into the Higgs phase independently of the others (decoupling of layers). As the Higgs couplings vary, we find, using mean field techniques, that this transition may probably become second order.Comment: 16 page

    The Abelian Higgs Model in Three Dimensions with Improved Action

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    We study the Abelian Higgs Model using an improved form of the action in the scalar sector. The subleading corrections are carefully analysed and the connection between lattice and continuous parameters is worked out. The simulation shows a remarkable improvement of the numerical performance.Comment: Minor correction to one-loop relations;reference adde

    Three-dimensional lattice U(1) gauge-Higgs model at low mHm_H

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    We study the non-compact version of the U(1) gauge-Higgs model in three dimensions for mH=30GeV.m_H = 30 GeV. We found that, using this formulation, rather modest lattices approach quite well the infinite volume behaviour.The phase transition is first order, as expected for this Higgs mass. The latent heat (in units of Tcr4T_{cr}^4) is compatible with the predictions of the two-loop effective potential; it is an order of magnitude less than the corresponding SU(2) value. The transition temperature and in units of the critical temperature are also compatible with the perturbative results.Comment: 15 pages, latex, 9 figures, changes in the comparison with perturbation theor

    Curvatons in the minimally supersymmetric standard model

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    Curvaton is an effectively massless field whose energy density during inflation is negligible but which later becomes dominant. This is a novel mechanism to generate the scale invariant perturbations. I discuss the possibility that the curvaton could be found among the fields of the minimally supersymmetric standard model (MSSM), which contains a number of flat directions along which the renormalizable potential vanishes. The requirements of late domination and the absence of damping of the perturbations pick out essentially a unique candidate for the MSSM curvaton. One must also require that inflation takes place in a hidden sector. If the inflaton energy density can be radiated into extra dimensions, many constraints can be relaxed, and the simplest flat direction consisting of the Higgses H_u and H_d would provide a working example of an MSSM curvaton.Comment: 16 pages, 1 Figur

    Curvaton Scenario with Affleck-Dine Baryogenesis

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    We discuss the curvaton scenario with the Affleck-Dine baryogenesis. In this scenario, non-vanishing baryonic entropy fluctuation may be generated even without primordial fluctuation of the Affleck-Dine field. Too large entropy fluctuation is inconsistent with the observations and hence constraints on the curvaton scenario with the Affleck-Dine baryogenesis are obtained. We calculate the baryonic entropy fluctuation (as well as other cosmological density fluctuations) in this case and derive constraints. Implications to some of the models of the curvaton are also discussed.Comment: 16 pages,2 figure

    A-term inflation and the MSSM

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    The parameter space for A-term inflation is explored with W=λpϕp/(pMPp3)W=\lambda_p \phi^p/(p M_P^{p-3}). With p=6 and \lambda_p~1, the observed spectrum and spectral tilt can be obtained with soft mass of order 10^2 GeV but not with a much higher mass. The case p=3 requires \lambda_p~10^{-9} to 10^{-12}. The ratio m/A requires fine-tuning, which may be justified on environmental grounds. An extension of the MSSM to include non-renormalizable terms and/or Dirac neutrino masses might support either A-term inflation or modular inflation.Comment: 10 pages, 3 figures; Comments added, typos correcte

    Layered Higgs Phase as a Possible Field Localisation on a Brane

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    So far it has been found by using lattice techniques that in the anisotropic five--dimensional Abelian Higgs model, a layered Higgs phase exists in addition to the expected five--dimensional one. The exploration of the phase diagram has shown that the two Higgs phases are separated by a phase transition from the confining phase. This transition is known to be first order. In this paper we explore the possibility of finding a second order transition point in the critical line which separates the first order phase transition from the crossover region. This is shown to be the case only for the four--dimensional Higgs layered phase whilst the phase transition to the five--dimensional broken phase remains first order. The layered phase serves as the possible realisation of four--dimensional spacetime dynamics which is embedded in a five--dimensional spacetime. These results are due to gauge and scalar field localisation by confining interactions along the extra fifth direction.Comment: 1+15 pages, 12 figure

    Gravity-induced instability and gauge field localization

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    The spectrum of a massless bulk scalar field \Phi, with a possible interaction term of the form -\xi R \Phi^{2}, is investigated in the case of RS-geometry [1]. We show that the zero mode for \xi=0, turns into a tachyon mode, in the case of a nonzero negative value of \xi (\xi<0). As we see, the existence of the tachyon mode destabilizes the \Phi=0 vacuum, against a new stable vacuum with nonzero \Phi near the brane, and zero in the bulk. By using this result, we can construct a simple model for the gauge field localization, according to the philosophy of Dvali and Shifman (Higgs phase on the brane, confinement in the bulk).Comment: 12 pages,4 figures, minor corrections, references adde

    MSSM Higgses as the source of reheating and all matter

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    We consider the possibility that the dark energy responsible for inflation is deposited into extra dimensions outside of our observable universe. Reheating and all matter can then be obtained from the MSSM flat direction condensate involving the Higgses HuH_u and HdH_d, which acquires large amplitude by virtue of quantum fluctuations during inflation. The reheat temperature is TRH109T_{RH} \lesssim 10^9 GeV so that there is no gravitino problem. We find a spectral index ns1n_s\approx 1 with a very weak dependence on the Higgs potential.Comment: 4 page

    O(a^2) cutoff effects in lattice Wilson fermion simulations

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    In this paper we propose to interpret the large discretization artifacts affecting the neutral pion mass in maximally twisted lattice QCD simulations as O(a^2) effects whose magnitude is roughly proportional to the modulus square of the (continuum) matrix element of the pseudoscalar density operator between vacuum and one-pion state. The numerical size of this quantity is determined by the dynamical mechanism of spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking and turns out to be substantially larger than its natural magnitude set by the value of Lambda_QCD.Comment: 38 pages, 1 figure, 2 table
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