74,015 research outputs found

    Are Complex A and the Orphan Stream related?

    Full text link
    We consider the possibility that the Galactic neutral hydrogen stream Complex A and the stellar Orphan stream are related, and use this hypothesis to determine possible distances to Complex A and the Orphan stream, and line-of-sight velocities for the latter. The method presented uses our current knowledge of the projected positions of the streams, as well as line-of-sight velocities for Complex A, and we show that a solution exists in which the two streams share the same orbit. If Complex A and the Orphan stream are on this orbit, our calculations suggest the Orphan stream to be at an average distance of 20 kpc, with heliocentric radial velocities of approximately -110 km/s. Complex A would be ahead of the Orphan stream in the same wrap of the orbit, with an average distance of 10 kpc, which is consistent with the distance constraints determined through interstellar absorption line techniques.Comment: 4 pages, 2 figures; typos corrected, fig 2 and numerical predictions updated; accepted for publication in MNRAS Letter

    Lattice QCD with 12 Quark Flavors: A Careful Scrutiny

    Full text link
    With a substantial amount of simulations, we have explored the system across a wide range of lattice scales. We have located a lattice artifact, first order bulk transition, have studied its properties, and found that the flavor-singlet scalar meson mass vanishes at the critical endpoint. We will discuss the lattice phase diagrams and the continuum limits for both a spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking phase and an infrared conformal phase, and compare results with other groups.Comment: 7 pages, 7 figures; Contribution to SCGT12 "KMI-GCOE Workshop on Strong Coupling Gauge Theories in the LHC Perspective", 4-7 Dec. 2012, Nagoya Universit

    Nucleon Sigma Term and In-medium Quark Condensate in the Modified Quark-Meson Coupling Model

    Full text link
    We evaluate the nucleon sigma term and in-medium quark condensate in the modified quark-meson coupling model which features a density-dependent bag constant. We obtain a nucleon sigma term consistent with its empirical value, which requires a significant reduction of the bag constant in the nuclear medium similar to those found in the previous works. The resulting in-medium quark condensate at low densities agrees well with the model independent linear order result. At higher densities, the magnitude of the in-medium quark condensate tends to increase, indicating no tendency toward chiral symmetry restoration.Comment: 9 pages, modified version to be publishe