28 research outputs found

    The role of the learning organisation paradigm in improving intellectual capital

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    M.A.The purpose of this thesis is to determine to what extent intellectual capital is recognised and developed in the South African horseracing industry. A significant motivation for this study is that, despite the importance of intellectual capital in today’s market environment, no such study has been done in this specific industry. Because of the scope and nature of the horseracing industry, such a study is crucial. The study is divided into a literature review, where theoretical groundwork is discussed, and an empirical study, where the theory is practically applied within the South African horseracing industry context. The industry can be defined as an oligopoly, with Phumelela and Gold Circle as the key organisations. Therefore, Phumelela and Gold Circle’s intellectual capital recognition and development is examined in depth and compared with each other. Other industry role players and factors, such as betting types and racecourses, are also discussed, as it provides an overview essential to the study. The literature review is divided into three sections – intellectual capital, knowledge sharing, and the learning organisation. Intellectual capital is the main focus of the study, with knowledge sharing and the learning organisation seen as key intellectual capital development methods. Intellectual capital is defined according to three categories – human, structural, and relational capital. Intellectual capital’s organisational importance and measurement are also discussed. Knowledge, knowledge sharing, and knowledge sharing methods (formal and informal) are described and placed within organisational and intellectual capital frameworks. The overall importance of knowledge sharing, in addition to its importance to intellectual capital, is discussed. The learning organisation is an essential paradigm in the knowledge economy and refers to an organisational and individual mindset for knowledge improvement, goal achievement, and development. It is defined and discussed in an intellectual capital context. The learning organisation’s importance to the development of intellectual capital, knowledge sharing, and the organisation as a whole, is explained. The qualitative empirical study is conducted primarily by examining the annual reports and financial statements of Gold Circle and Phumelela. Specific structured interviews with key industry role players are also referred to and comparisons of the aforementioned organisations are given. Summaries of findings are presented and recommendations are made to assist in the industry’s task of managing and developing intellectual capital. Areas of future research are also referred to, which include studying intellectual capital on a global horseracing scale as well as the role that knowledge development plays in the international competitiveness of the horseracing industry. The South African horseracing industry is complex and vast, requiring the development of intellectual capital and other intangible assets to compete strongly globally. This thesis shows that this is not done to its full extent as yet and there is still a long way to go for the national industry to realise its full potential

    Role of the learning organization paradigm in improving intellectual capital

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    The purpose of this research was to determine to what extent intellectual capital is recognised and developed in a company in the South African horseracing industry. Intellectual capital is defined according to three categories -human, structural and relational capital. Intellectual capital's organizational importance is also discussed. The empirical study is conducted by examining the annual reports and financial statements of Phumelela. Intellectual capital is the main focus of the study, with knowledge sharing and the learning organisation seen as key intellectual capital development methods. The learning organisation is an essential paradigm in the knowledge economy and refers to an organisational and individua! mindset for knowledge improvement, goal achievement. and development. The importance of the learning organisation is discussed in an intellectual capital context

    Human brucellosis in South Africa: Public health and diagnostic pitfalls

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    Human brucellosis in South Africa (SA) is under-diagnosed and under-reported. This is because many clinicians have little or no experience in managing affected patients, and in part because of the nonspecific and insidious nature of the disease. A case of human brucellosis caused by Brucella melitensis in a patient from the Western Cape Province of SA is described, and the resulting exposure of staff members at two medical microbiology laboratories, as well as the public health investigation that was conducted, are discussed. This article aims to highlight the need for strengthening integration between public health, medical and veterinary services and exposing deficiencies in public health, veterinary and laboratory practices.

    Critical evaluation of Highveld Steel's product diversity strategy

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    MBA, North-West University, Potchefstroom Campus, 2004The steel industry is characterised by heavy fluctuations in product demand and fierce competition from players across the globe. It is for this reason, important for Highveld Steel to ensure that their strategic decisions are both effective and that there is a good fit between market conditions and strategies. In this report, the product diversity strategy of Highveld Steel regarding coiled products is evaluated against its efficiency in generating positive contribution margins towards company profitability. This was done by developing a model to quantify the real contribution margin of all coil products produced. In this model, processing time, product downgrading costs and the cost of production downtime due to production delays were quantified and a formula was derived to calculate the cumulative effect of all these variables on product cost. This formula was applied to historical yield information available for the past four years of production. From this, the real contribution of different product categories were calculated and used to identify products with negative or small contribution margins on the one side, as well as products with large contribution margins on the other. It was found that 15 % of all products produced by strip mill at present, have a negative contribution margin and should for that reason, not be produced. The information gathered from the application of the model was used to furnish recommendations on how Highveld's marketing and production departments should go about improving the contribution of coiled products to company profitability. It was proven empirically that Highveld could, in applying the recommendations furnished in this report, generate extra annual contribution on coil products of between 14 and 37%. The strategy developed was recommended as an interim strategy and it was further recommended that the model developed should be continuously applied and used on a monthly basis to evaluate order acceptance strategies to ensure a good fit between these strategies and prevailing market conditions.Master

    Job insecurity research in South Africa : contextual and conceptual issues / Jaco Pienaar

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    An intellectual capital-based mass media analysis framework designed for reputational capital growth

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    Abstract: Intellectual capital, which includes inter alia human capital and reputational capital, are key drivers of an organisation’s potential success. Mass media has the potential to positively or negatively impact intellectual capital. It has been found in the literature that intellectual capital can be measured to analyse mass media by means of linking systems thinking and learning organisation at the conceptual level of investigation. The research gap that has been identified for this study is the actual measurement, through a structured framework, that drives reputational capital and its growth. To this end, the research question is as follows: How does a systems thinking approach elevate the interconnected nature of Intellectual Capital and Mass Media to the level of Reputational Capital growth? Developing a framework to measure intellectual capital and mass media’s interconnected nature is increasingly important in the current economic environment. A pragmatic, mixed methods approach is used to answer the research question. Within this pragmatic, mixed methods approach abductive reasoning is applied. This suggests, similar to theory surrounding quantum logic, that various answers are possible for questions, but seeks to find the simplest answer. Finding this answer relies on flexibility in quantitative and qualitative research methodologies so that the best suited methodology can be used to find the simplest answer...Ph.D. (Information Management

    Management of employee wellness in South Africa: Employer, service provider and union perspectives

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    Orientation: This article focuses on how South African organisations manage their employees’ wellness through their Employee Wellness Programmes (EWPs). Research purpose: The objective of this research is to describe employee wellness in South Africa by investigating the types, foci and perceived success of EWPs. Motivation for the study: Despite the growing awareness of the importance of EWPs in South Africa, the nature, content, context, participants, role-players and anticipated benefits as well as the possible drawbacks of these programmes in the South African context are unclear. Research design, approach and method: The researchers used a cross-sectional design. The first author developed the Employee Wellness Survey, consisting of quantitative and qualitative questions, to collect data from 16 organisations, four service providers and seven labour unions in South Africa. Main findings: The results showed that organisations, service providers and labour unions define employee wellness differently and that these role players give different reasons for introducing EWPs. Almost half of the participating organisations have no baseline measurement with which to compare the effectiveness of their EWPs. Generally, all the organisations present the results of their programmes reasonably. However, the programmes involve little overall expenditure to the organisations. Practical/managerial implications: Organisations should monitor the state of their employees’ wellness in order to manage it effectively. This will only become possible when information about employee wellness improves. Contribution/value-add: This study provides new information about the nature, content, context, participants, role-players, anticipated benefits and possible drawbacks of EWPs in the South-African context

    Foundress counts

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    Each tab represents foundress counts for a given fig wasp species - borders designate different tree
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