2,420 research outputs found

    Structure and Function of African Floodplains

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    Volume: 8

    Increasing Engagement through Oral Exams

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    The author discusses the teaching methods he uses in an undergraduate religious studies course, focusing on how oral exams can be used to increase student engagement. He comments on how class discussions can improve through such exams and goes on to explore the benefits over assigning written exams or essays

    On “And Vulnerable : Catholic Social Thought and the Social Challenges of Cognitive Disability

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    In light of the ongoing social challenges facing individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities in our time, I want to highlight some underappreciated aspects of Catholic Social Teaching that we would do well to recall. The discussion proceeds in four parts. First, I identify several key contemporary social challenges that continue to face individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Second, I trace the root of those particular challenges to the social forces of industrialization, urbanization, and social Darwinism in the second half of the nineteenth century. Third, on the basis of that historical framework, I argue that the contemporary Catholic response to the various social challenges of disabled persons has much to gain from serious consideration of Catholic Social Thought’s response to the suffering of the working class. Finally, I conclude with a proposal on how this application of the tradition might further be developed and promoted

    Healthcare Reparations in California

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    The Reparations Task Force has recommended several key areas in which the state of California can offer reparations for its systemic abuse of African Americans. The Interim Report issued by the Task Force highlights the discrepancy in health outcomes for White Californians versus Black Californians and attributes the difference not just to inequitable access, but also to a special compounding effect of physical and mental stress suffered solely by Black Californians as a result of systemic and personal environmental racial discrimination. This Essay discusses the unique aspects of “weathering” and the insidious effect of racial bias in research meant to study and treat it. The solution must address the physical ramifications of the intergenerational impacts of slavery and racial discrimination on today’s Californians as recompense for the state’s perpetuation of the atrocities. However, effective treatment for weathering cannot proceed without dramatic and immediate changes to the way it is studied. A lack of objectivity has hidden a defect in medical science that precludes effective study. The solution posed here takes into account the need to not only compensate individuals for present-day physical and mental harm but to change the foundational structure that creates and maintains healthcare inequity for Black Californians. This foundational change will not only increase access to healthcare, but it will also yield exponentially beneficial clinical data gathered using race-conscious techniques from which a newly formed leadership can direct process improvement in diagnosis and treatment

    The Two Types of Grades and Why They Matter to Ethics Education

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    In-course marks and final grades each have their own nature and purpose and conflating the two does a disservice to both. Final grades represent a fixed and final statement about how a student did in the course in the end. They are a communication between the professor and anyone who will pick up that student’s transcript someday. In-course marks, by contrast, are a communication between the professor and student alone, and ought to be representative of an ongoing conversation about how the student is currently doing in the course. They are subject to change with each lecture, assessment, and conversation, and should embody that dynamism and potential for progress. Building upon the pedagogical concepts of differentiated learning, growth mindset, and backward course design, this paper will examine the advantages of differentiating between the two types of grades and present three grading models that incorporate the distinction

    From The Ashes: Jus Post Bellum And The Emergence Of Kosovo

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    In many parts ofthe world today, when the subject of war arises, the conversation inevitably turns to the continuing conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. As these two conflicts rage into their fifth and seventh years respectively and the situation on the ground seems to be deteriorating, the United States national conversation seenlS primarily concemed with a timeline for exit. The just war tradition is not immune to this conversation. In direct response to these conflicts, scholars have, for the first time, developed criteria for justly ending and exiting a war. Unfortunately, the application ofthese criteria has thus far been limited to Iraq and Afghanistan. While these two conflicts have served as a catalyst for this advancement in just war theory, and elected officials should be mindful of exiting these wars justly, the complex and ongoing nature ofthese conflicts makes them difficult test cases for jus post beiium criteria. For a more straightforward and developed case, I hlffi to the conflict in the former Yugoslavian province of Kosovo and the nine years ofreconstruction that have followed. Building on the work ofthe trailblazers ofthis field, I will show how jus post beiium principles have been employed with tangible results in the real life construction of a lasting peace in Kosovo

    Toward an Inclusive Faculty Community

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    Today nearly three quarters of all college professors work off of the tenure-track, and thus exist in a university structure that was not constructed with them in mind, does not take them seriously, and, ultimately, offers them little more than the most tenuous and temporary of connections. This is hardly the model of a Christian community that the Catholic university aspires to be. Thus, this paper first seeks to unpack the historical legacy of the past four decades of contingent faculty growth, and then, offers a response by drawing upon Catholic Social Teaching and Christian scripture to inform a new model of faculty community that is inclusive and just to all faculty members

    Avoiding war and creating peace in Kosovo

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    The article presents the author\u27s comments on peace negotiations and the possibility of war regarding the independence of Kosovo from Serbia. According to the author, the Albanians of Kosovo will not refrain from war to free themselves from Serbian rule. He comments that with the ethnic division between the Serbs and the Albanians it is hard to predict whether independence will spark violence or ensure Kosovo\u27s economic growth

    University Ethics: The Status of the FieldMatthew Gaudet

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    This paper’s task is to provide a summary of this nascent field at its current state of development. First, I trace Keenan’s work to germinate university ethics as a new field worthy of study. Second, I examine several precursors to university ethics and how these precursors continue to provide fertile soil for the field from which this new field may continue to grow. Next, I survey the current state of the field, identifying where the field has already begun to bloom and bear fruit. Finally, I look to the future of the field, identifying issues that are either already plaguing the university or on the near term horizon, which will both demand and benefit from a university ethics approach

    Restoring Peace: Toward a Conversation Between the Just War and Reconciliation Traditions

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    Tragically, ethnic conflicts have become one of the hallmarks of the post-Cold War era. In response to this, two distinct traditions appear to be emerging.The first continues the classical just war tradition while the second represents a new reconciliation tradition, built largely around questions of restorative justice in areas of social division. Our goal in this essay is to begin a rapprochement of these divergent traditions by asking the question, what does a restorative justice perspective offer to the just war tradition? We proceed in three stages: first, we survey the current state of the just war tradition; second, we introduce the reconciliation tradition, drawing on both reconciliation thinkers and the practical experience of experiments in social reconciliation in South Africa and Rwanda; and third, we draw these two traditions together with a series of constructive proposals for how the reconciliation tradition can enrich the just war tradition
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