174 research outputs found

    Coloring decompositions of complete geometric graphs

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    A decomposition of a non-empty simple graph GG is a pair [G,P][G,P], such that PP is a set of non-empty induced subgraphs of GG, and every edge of GG belongs to exactly one subgraph in PP. The chromatic index χ′([G,P])\chi'([G,P]) of a decomposition [G,P][G,P] is the smallest number kk for which there exists a kk-coloring of the elements of PP in such a way that: for every element of PP all of its edges have the same color, and if two members of PP share at least one vertex, then they have different colors. A long standing conjecture of Erd\H{o}s-Faber-Lov\'asz states that every decomposition [Kn,P][K_n,P] of the complete graph KnK_n satisfies χ′([Kn,P])≤n\chi'([K_n,P])\leq n. In this paper we work with geometric graphs, and inspired by this formulation of the conjecture, we introduce the concept of chromatic index of a decomposition of the complete geometric graph. We present bounds for the chromatic index of several types of decompositions when the vertices of the graph are in general position. We also consider the particular case in which the vertices are in convex position and present bounds for the chromatic index of a few types of decompositions.Comment: 18 pages, 5 figure

    The degree/diameter problem in maximal planar bipartite graphs

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    The (¿;D) (degree/diameter) problem consists of nding the largest possible number of vertices n among all the graphs with maximum degree ¿ and diameter D. We consider the (¿;D) problem for maximal planar bipartite graphs, that are simple planar graphs in which every face is a quadrangle. We obtain that for the (¿; 2) problem, the number of vertices is n = ¿+2; and for the (¿; 3) problem, n = 3¿¿1 if ¿ is odd and n = 3¿ ¿ 2 if ¿ is even. Then, we study the general case (¿;D) and obtain that an upper bound on n is approximately 3(2D + 1)(¿ ¿ 2)¿D=2¿ and another one is C(¿ ¿ 2)¿D=2¿ if ¿ D and C is a sufficiently large constant. Our upper bound improve for our kind of graphs the one given by Fellows, Hell and Seyffarth for general planar graphs. We also give a lower bound on n for maximal planar bipartite graphs, which is approximately (¿ ¿ 2)k if D = 2k, and 3(¿ ¿ 3)k if D = 2k + 1, for ¿ and D sufficiently large in both cases.Postprint (published version

    The degree/diameter problem in maximal planar bipartite graphs

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    The (Δ,D)(Δ,D) (degree/diameter) problem consists of finding the largest possible number of vertices nn among all the graphs with maximum degree ΔΔ and diameter DD. We consider the (Δ,D)(Δ,D) problem for maximal planar bipartite graphs, that is, simple planar graphs in which every face is a quadrangle. We obtain that for the (Δ,2)(Δ,2) problem, the number of vertices is n=Δ+2n=Δ+2; and for the (Δ,3)(Δ,3) problem, n=3Δ−1n=3Δ−1 if ΔΔ is odd and n=3Δ−2n=3Δ−2 if ΔΔ is even. Then, we prove that, for the general case of the (Δ,D)(Δ,D) problem, an upper bound on nn is approximately 3(2D+1)(Δ−2)⌊D/2⌋3(2D+1)(Δ−2)⌊D/2⌋, and another one is C(Δ−2)⌊D/2⌋C(Δ−2)⌊D/2⌋ if Δ≥DΔ≥D and CC is a sufficiently large constant. Our upper bounds improve for our kind of graphs the one given by Fellows, Hell and Seyffarth for general planar graphs. We also give a lower bound on nn for maximal planar bipartite graphs, which is approximately (Δ−2)k(Δ−2)k if D=2kD=2k, and 3(Δ−3)k3(Δ−3)k if D=2k+1D=2k+1, for ΔΔ and DD sufficiently large in both cases.Peer ReviewedPostprint (published version

    4-labelings and grid embeddings of plane quadrangulations

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    AbstractA straight-line drawing of a planar graph G is a closed rectangle-of-influence drawing if for each edge uv, the closed axis-parallel rectangle with opposite corners u and v contains no other vertices. We show that each quadrangulation on n vertices has a closed rectangle-of-influence drawing on the (n−3)×(n−3) grid.The algorithm is based on angle labeling and simple face counting in regions. This answers the question of what would be a grid embedding of quadrangulations analogous to Schnyder’s classical algorithm for embedding triangulations and extends previous results on book embeddings for quadrangulations from Felsner, Huemer, Kappes, and Orden.A further compaction step yields a straight-line drawing of a quadrangulation on the (⌈n2⌉−1)×(⌈3n4⌉−1) grid. The advantage over other existing algorithms is that it is not necessary to add edges to the quadrangulation to make it 4-connected

    Carathodory's theorem in depth

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    Let X be a finite set of points in RdRd . The Tukey depth of a point q with respect to X is the minimum number tX(q)tX(q) of points of X in a halfspace containing q. In this paper we prove a depth version of Carathéodory’s theorem. In particular, we prove that there exist a constant c (that depends only on d and tX(q)tX(q) ) and pairwise disjoint sets X1,…,Xd+1¿XX1,…,Xd+1¿X such that the following holds. Each XiXi has at least c|X| points, and for every choice of points xixi in XiXi , q is a convex combination of x1,…,xd+1x1,…,xd+1 . We also prove depth versions of Helly’s and Kirchberger’s theorems.Postprint (updated version

    Production matrices for geometric graphs

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    We present production matrices for non-crossing geometric graphs on point sets in convex position, which allow us to derive formulas for the numbers of such graphs. Several known identities for Catalan numbers, Ballot numbers, and Fibonacci numbers arise in a natural way, and also new formulas are obtained, such as a formula for the number of non-crossing geometric graphs with root vertex of given degree. The characteristic polynomials of some of these production matrices are also presented. The proofs make use of generating trees and Riordan arrays.Postprint (updated version

    The intersection graph of the disks with diameters the sides of a convex n-gon

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    © 2019. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/Given a convex polygon of sides, one can draw disks (called side disks) where each disk has a different side of the polygon as diameter and the midpoint of the side as its center. The intersection graph of such disks is the undirected graph with vertices the disks and two disks are adjacent if and only if they have a point in common. We introduce the study of this graph by proving that it is planar for every convex polygon.Postprint (author's final draft
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