258 research outputs found

    A 2-MHz 6-kVA voltage-source inverter using low-profile MOSFET modules for low-temperature plasma generators

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    &lt;p&gt;This paper presents a 2-MHz 6-kVA voltage-source inverter for low-temperature plasma generators. A new MOSFET module referred to as a “mega pack” is specially designed and fabricated for high-frequency high-power applications. It has a low-profile package equipped with four terminal plates. The main circuit consists of a single-phase full-bridge inverter using the four new modules. The layout of the modules is characterized by two modules, which are placed back-to-back with each other, forming a half bridge. Both device and circuit designs achieve great reduction of stray inductance in the main circuit. A prototype inverter shows stable operation around frequencies as high as 2 MHz.&lt;/p&gt;</p

    Abnormal direction of internal auditory canal and vestibulocochlear nerve

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    Several internal auditory canal (IAC) anomalies have been reported.To our knowledge, only one case with anabnormal direction of the IAC has been reported in an infant with Pierre Robin syndrome. In this paper, wepresent the first report of two non-syndromic cases with abnormal IAC direction.</p

    Location of phosphorylation site and DNA-binding site of a positive regulator, OmpR, involved in activation of the osmoregulatory genes of Escherichia coli

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    AbstractThe OmpR protein of Escherichia coli is a positive regulator involved in activation of the ompF and ompC genes which encode the major outer membrane proteins OmpF and OmpC, respectively. By employing recombinant DNA techniques, we isolated the N- and C-terminal halves of the OmpR molecule. From the results of biochemical analyses of these fragments, it was concluded that the N-terminal portion contains a site involved in phosphorylation by an OmpR-specific protein kinase EnvZ, whereas the C-terminal part possesses a DNA-binding site for the ompC and ompF promoters

    Synapse-specific representation of the identity of overlapping memory engrams

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    Memories are integrated into interconnected networks; nevertheless, each memory has its own identity. How the brain defines specific memory identity out of intermingled memories stored in a shared cell ensemble has remained elusive. We found that after complete retrograde amnesia of auditory fear conditioning in mice, optogenetic stimulation of the auditory inputs to the lateral amygdala failed to induce memory recall, implying that the memory engram no longer existed in that circuit. Complete amnesia of a given fear memory did not affect another linked fear memory encoded in the shared ensemble. Optogenetic potentiation or depotentiation of the plasticity at synapses specific to one memory affected the recall of only that memory. Thus, the sharing of engram cells underlies the linkage between memories, whereas synapse-specific plasticity guarantees the identity and storage of individual memories

    Anti-viral actions and viral dynamics in the early phase of three different regimens of interferon treatment for chronic hepatitis C: differences between the twice-daily administration of interferon-beta treatment and the combination therapy with interferon-alpha plus ribavirin.

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    To improve the efficacy of interferon (IFN) treatment for chronic hepatitis C, we have proposed the twice-daily administration of IFN-beta as a promising induction therapy. In this study, we demonstrated differences between the clearance of circulating HCV-RNA and the induction of anti-viral actions during the first 2 weeks of treatment. Nine patients with a high viral load and genotype 1b were randomly assigned to 3 groups: group A received 3MU of IFN-beta twice a day at intervals of 5 and 19 h; group B received 3MU of IFN-beta twice a day at intervals of 10 and 14 h; group C received 6MU of IFN-alpha once a day with ribavirin. The expression of OAS2, PKR, and MxA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were quantified by real-time polymerase chain reaction method. The viral clearance showed a bi-phasic pattern, and those in the second phase of groups A and B were significantly steeper than that of group C. The peak level of OAS2 during the first phase was correlated with the first phase decay. The MxA expression tended to be higher in group A and B than in group C. The expression of these 3 proteins tended to decrease at day 6 in group C, but increase in groups A and B. These might make differences in the viral decay during the second phase</p