212 research outputs found

    Freezing of spin dynamics and omega/T scaling in underdoped cuprates

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    The memory function approach to spin dynamics in doped antiferromagnetic insulator combined with the assumption of temperature independent static spin correlations and constant collective mode damping leads to omega/T scaling in a broad range. The theory involving a non universal scaling parameter is used to analyze recent inelastic neutron scattering results for underdoped cuprates. Adopting modified damping function also the emerging central peak in low-doped cuprates at low temperatures can be explained within the same framework.Comment: 4 pages, 5 figures; to appear in Journal of Physics: Conference Series (ICM2009 Conference, Karlsruhe, Germany

    Spin susceptibility of underdoped cuprates: the case of Ortho-II YBa_2Cu_3O_{6.5}

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    Recent inelastic neutron scattering measurements found that the spin susceptibility of detwinned and highly ordered ortho-II YBa_2Cu_3O_{6.5} exhibits, in both the normal and superconducting states, one-dimensional incommensurate modulations at low energies which were interpreted as a signature of dynamic stripes. We propose an alternative model based on quasiparticle transitions between the arcs of a truncated Fermi surface. Such transitions are resonantly enhanced by scattering to the triplet spin resonance. We show that the anisotropy in the experimental spin response is consistent with this model if the gap at the saddle points is anisotropic.Comment: 5 fives, 3 postscript figure

    Crossover from weak to strong pairing in unconventional superconductors

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    Superconductors are classified by their pairing mechanism and the coupling strength, measured as the ratio of the energy gap to the critical temperature, Tc. We present an extensive comparison of the gap ratios among many single- and multiband superconductors from simple metals to high-Tc cuprates and iron pnictides. Contrary to the recently suggested universality of this ratio in Fe-based superconductors, we find that the coupling in pnictides ranges from weak, near the BCS limit, to strong, as in cuprates, bridging the gap between these two extremes. Moreover, for Fe- and Cu-based materials, our analysis reveals a universal correlation between the gap ratio and Tc, which is not found in conventional superconductors and therefore supports a common unconventional pairing mechanism in both families. An important consequence of this result for ferropnictides is that the separation in energy between the excitonic spin-resonance mode and the particle-hole continuum, which determines the resonance damping, no longer appears independent of Tc.Comment: 15 pages, 3 figures, 5 tables with an exhaustive overview of the published gap and spin-resonance measurements in Fe-based superconductors. New in V3: updated references. To be published in Phys. Rev.

    Magnetic order in the pseudogap phase of high-TCT_C superconductors

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    One of the leading issues in high-TCT_C superconductors is the origin of the pseudogap phase in underdoped cuprates. Using polarized elastic neutron diffraction, we identify a novel magnetic order in the YBa2_2Cu3_3O6+x_{6+x} system. The observed magnetic order preserves translational symmetry as proposed for orbital moments in the circulating current theory of the pseudogap state. To date, it is the first direct evidence of an hidden order parameter characterizing the pseudogap phase in high-TCT_C cuprates.Comment: 3 figure

    Neutron scattering study of the magnetic phase diagram of underdoped YBa(2)Cu(3)O(6+x)

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    We present a neutron triple-axis and resonant spin-echo spectroscopy study of the spin correlations in untwinned YBCO crystals with x= 0.3, 0.35, and 0.45 as a function of temperature and magnetic field. As the temperature T approaches 0, all samples exhibit static incommensurate magnetic order with propagation vector along the a-direction in the CuO2 planes. The incommensurability delta increases monotonically with hole concentration, as it does in LSCO. However, delta is generally smaller than in LSCO at the same doping level. The intensity of the incommensurate Bragg reflections increases with magnetic field for YBCO(6.45) (superconducting Tc = 35 K), whereas it is field-independent for YBCO(6.35) (Tc = 10 K). These results suggest that YBCO samples with x ~ 0.5 exhibit incommensurate magnetic order in the high fields used for the recent quantum oscillation experiments on this system, which likely induces a reconstruction of the Fermi surface. We present neutron spin-echo measurements (with energy resolution ~ 1 micro-eV) for T > 0 that demonstrate a continuous thermal broadening of the incommensurate magnetic Bragg reflections into a quasielastic peak centered at excitation energy E = 0, consistent with the zero-temperature transition expected for a two-dimensional spin system with full spin-rotation symmetry. Measurements on YBCO(6.45) with a triple-axis spectrometer (with energy resolution ~ 100 micro-eV) yield a crossover temperature T_SDW ~ 30 K for the onset of quasi-static magnetic order. Upon further heating, the wavevector characterizing low-energy spin excitations approaches the commensurate antiferromagnetic wave vector, and the incommensurability vanishes in an order-parameter-like fashion at an "electronic liquid-crystal" onset temperature T_ELC ~ 150 K. Both T_SDW and T_ELC increase continuously as the Mott-insulating phase is approached with decreasing doping level.Comment: to appear in a special issue on "Fermiology of Cuprates" of the New Journal of Physic

    Ni impurity induced enhancement of the pseudogap in cuprate high T_c superconductors

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    The influence of magnetic Ni and non-magnetic Zn impurities on the normal state pseudogap (PG) in the c-axis optical conductivity of NdBa2_{2}\{Cu1−y% _{1-y}(Ni,Zn)y}3_{y}\}_{3}O7−δ_{7-\delta} crystals was studied by spectral ellipsometry. We find that these impurities which strongly suppress superconductivity have a profoundly different impact on the PG. Zn gives rise to a gradual and inhomogeneous PG suppression while Ni strongly enhances the PG. Our results challenge theories that relate the PG either to precursor superconductivity or to other phases with exotic order parameters, such as flux phase or d-density wave states, that should be suppressed by potential scattering. The apparent difference between magnetic and non-magnetic impurities instead points towards an important role of magnetic correlations in the PG state.Comment: 11 pages and 2 figure

    Physics of π\pi-Meson Condensation and High Temperature Cuprate Superconductors

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    The idea of condensation of the Goldstone π\pi-meson field in nuclear matter had been put forward a long time ago. However, it was established that the normal nuclear density is too low, it is not sufficient to condensate π\pi-mesons. This is why the π\pi-condensation has never been observed. Recent experimental and theoretical studies of high temperature cuprate superconductors have revealed condensation of Goldstone magnons, the effect fully analogous to the π\pi-condensation. The magnon condensation has been observed. It is clear now that quantum fluctuations play a crucial role in the condensation, in particular they drive a quantum phase transition that destroys the condensate at some density of fermions

    Resonant magnetic excitations at high energy in superconducting YBa2Cu3O6.85\bf YBa_2Cu_3O_{6.85}

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    A detailed inelastic neutron scattering study of the high temperature superconductor YBa2Cu3O6.85\rm YBa_2Cu_3O_{6.85} provides evidence of new resonant magnetic features, in addition to the well known resonant mode at 41 meV: (i) a commensurate magnetic resonance peak at 53 meV with an even symmetry under exchange of two adjacent CuO2\rm CuO_2 layers; and (ii) high energy incommensurate resonant spin excitations whose spectral weight is around 54 meV. The locus and the spectral weight of these modes can be understood by considering the momentum shape of the electron-hole spin-flip continuum of d-wave superconductors. This provides new insight into the interplay between collective spin excitations and the continuum of electron-hole excitations.Comment: 5 figure
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