66 research outputs found

    Mouse models of preterm birth: Suggested assessment and reporting guidelines

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    Preterm birth affects approximately 1 out of every 10 births in the United States, leading to high rates of mortality and long-term negative health consequences. To investigate the mechanisms leading to preterm birth so as to develop prevention strategies, researchers have developed numerous mouse models of preterm birth. However, the lack of standard definitions for preterm birth in mice limits our field\u27s ability to compare models and make inferences about preterm birth in humans. In this review, we discuss numerous mouse preterm birth models, propose guidelines for experiments and reporting, and suggest markers that can be used to assess whether pups are premature or mature. We argue that adoption of these recommendations will enhance the utility of mice as models for preterm birth

    Development and initial validation of a hospitality employees’ job satisfaction index : evidence from Australia

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    Purpose – The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a self-reporting tool: the hospitality employee’ satisfaction index. Design/methodology/approach – The 15-item instrument presented in this study was developed through an examination of the extant literature and seven focus groups representing the hospitality industry. The instrument was piloted online with 1,000 hospitality employees, refined and then distributed online to 9,000 hospitality employees. Findings – Factor analysis extracted three factors (career advancement, control and variety and relationships), and reliability analysis (Cronbach’s alpha) indicated high internal consistency. A stepwise multiple regression revealed that the control and variety factor related most strongly to overall job satisfaction, followed by relationships and career advancement factors, confirming that in the context of the hospitality industry, these factors were important in the measurement of job satisfaction. Control and variety was significantly related to the intention to stay in the job, and career advancement and control and variety were related to the intention to stay in the hospitality industry. Research limitations/implications – The data were gathered in Australia and were tested nationally to support the robustness of the instrument. Therefore, the hospitality industry can use this instrument as a generic index to evaluate the job satisfaction levels of employees. Originality/value – This specifically designed hospitality job satisfaction instrument can be used to evaluate the job satisfaction of employees at all levels and can be used in the development of a benchmark. This index is the first of its kind to be tested in the broader hospitality context, including accommodation, restaurants, coffee shops, fast food, clubs, hotels, convention, sporting venues, catering and institutional catering.25 page(s

    Working on the Edge: Positive Organisational Scholarship in Healthcare (POSH) and Looking for What's Good in Healthcare

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    As part of a larger research program on brilliant healthcare, this paper introduces positive organisational scholarship (POS) and discusses how it has influenced a new approach to theory and research in healthcare, titled POSH. The paper outlines how appreciative inquiry, a key approach in POSH, was used to inform an investigation of what is good in healthcare. Reflective practice is discussed as the central methodology used to explore public domain narrative evidence. The paper illustrates the use of reflective practice and introduces new understandings and insights garnered from using POSH. The paper concludes with a consideration of the implications of a POSH agenda for researchers and practitioners

    Finding brilliance using positive organizational scholarship in healthcare

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    Purpose - Positive organizational scholarship in healthcare (POSH) suggests that, to promote widespread improvement within health services, focusing on the good, the excellent, and the brilliant is as important as conventional approaches that focus on the negative, the problems, and the failures. POSH offers different opportunities to learn from and build resilient cultures of safety, innovation, and change. It is not separate from tried and tested approaches to health service improvement - but rather, it approaches this improvement differently. The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach - POSH, appreciative inquiry (AI) and reflective practice were used to inform an exploratory investigation of what is good, excellent, or brilliant health service management. Findings - The researchers identified new characteristics of good healthcare and what it might take to have brilliant health service management, elucidated and refined POSH, and identified research opportunities that hold potential value for consumers, practitioners, and policymakers. Research limitations/implications - The secondary data used in this study offered limited contextual information. Practical implications - This approach is a platform from which to: identify, investigate, and learn about brilliant health service management; and inform theory and practice. Social implications - POSH can help to reveal what consumers and practitioners value about health services and how they prefer to engage with these services. Originality/value - Using POSH, this paper examines what consumers and practitioners value about health services; it also illustrates how brilliance can be theorized into health service management research and practice.28 page(s

    How best practices are copied, transferred, or translated between health care facilities : a conceptual framework

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    Introduction: In spite of significant investment in quality programs and activities, there is a persistent struggle to achieve quality outcomes and performance improvements within the constraints and support of socio-political parsimonies. Equally, such constraints have intensified the need to better understand the best practice methods for achieving quality improvements in health care organizations over time. This study proposes a conceptual framework to assist with strategies for the copying, transferring, and/or translation of best practice between different health care facilities. Purpose: Applying a deductive logic, the conceptual framework was developed by blending selected theoretical lenses drawn from the knowledge management and organizational learning literatures. Findings: The proposed framework highlighted that (a) major constraints need to be addressed to turn best practices into everyday practices and (b) double-loop learning is an adequate learning mode to copy and to transfer best practices and deuteron learning mode is a more suitable learning mode for translating best practice. We also found that, in complex organizations, copying, transferring, and translating new knowledge is more difficult than in smaller, less complex organizations. We also posit that knowledge translation cannot happen without transfer and copy, and transfer cannot happen without copy of best practices. Hence, an integration of all three learning processes is required for knowledge translation (copy best practice-transfer knowledge about best practice-translation of best practice into new context). In addition, the higher the level of complexity of the organization, the more best practice is tacit oriented and, in this case, the higher the level of K&L capabilities are required to successfully copy, transfer, and/or translate best practices between organizations. Practice Implications: The approach provides a framework for assessing organizational context and capabilities to guide copy/transfer/translation of best practices. A roadmap is provided to assist managers and practitioners to select appropriate learning modes for building success and positive systemic change

    Working on the edge : positive organisational scholarship in healthcare (POSH) and looking for what’s good in healthcare

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    As part of a larger research program on brilliant healthcare, this paper introduces positive organisational scholarship (POS) and discusses how it has influenced a new approach to theory and research in healthcare, titled POSH. The paper outlines how appreciative inquiry, a key approach in POSH, was used to inform an investigation of what is good in healthcare. Reflective practice is discussed as the central methodology used to explore public domain narrative evidence. The paper illustrates the use of reflective practice and introduces new understandings and insights garnered from using POSH. The paper concludes with a consideration of the implications of a POSH agenda for researchers and practitioners.22 page(s

    The Brilliance Project in Healthcare: An Exploratory Study

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    The motivation behind having brilliance as a focus for a project in healthcare is about trying to understand it, and from that, trying to find ways of spreading such understanding widely so that the topic of brilliance is more pervasive in health services and in health management. This paper is about how research on brilliance in healthcare could be undertaken and how a group of academics, with no previous research connections, have come together to collaborate through a Health Management Research Alliance (HMRA) and started a conversation about how to achieve this challenging objective. The paper describes the challenges they have identified and outlines some of the projects that they have developed to pursue the brilliance agenda in healthcare

    City branding : a facilitating framework for stressed satellite cities

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    The emergence of the satellite cities as feeder cities to major metropolises is a phenomenon of increasing urbanization. Workers and students travel to the major city, returning on mediocre public transport or congested highways. Problems in some satellite cities range from deficient local employment opportunities, to social and cultural activities, and economic development. Concurrent local unemployment and higher crime rates suggest that citizens experience stresses. These factors affect the citizens' brand experience and identity. Conversely, self-sustaining cities associate with strong economic and social roots. The developing city branding research domain has yet to address stressed satellite cities' branding. The study's purpose is to develop the nature of a stressed satellite city brand profile. This quantitative study examines two stressed satellite cities, developing a common stressed satellite cities brand profile. The findings develop a common stressed satellite city brand profile, facilitating policies addressing stressed satellite cities' problems.8 page(s

    Developing an integrative model of internal and external marketing

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    The purpose of this paper is to propose a model which presents an expanded view of the beneficial impact of internal marketing (IM) in organizations. The model innovatively proposes links between the development of internal market orientation, internal marketing programs and external market orientation and external marketing programs. As a significant novel contribution to knowledge, this model advocates a continual process of improvement as marketing knowledge develops. Such an approach to the development of the marketing programs within an organization potentially increases business success and competitive advantage. The model has implications for organizational management, where internal marketing programs are desirous. Future research opportunities are suggested, including assessment of the model

    Preferences for destination attributes: Differences between short and long breaks

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    This article reports the findings of differences in tourist preferences for short and long breaks. Cluster analysis is employed to explore specific preferences of tourist clusters taking long or short breaks. Four distinct clusters were found for each type of break, exhibiting distinctive demographic characteristics and activity preferences. Different preferences for short versus long breaks were also found. Assumptions that the same customers prefer the same kind of destination and activity when taking either a short or long break are dispelled. Implications for markets include developing distinct campaigns for short- and long-break tourist segments
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