26 research outputs found

    The prevalence of moderate mitral regurgitation in patients undergoing CABG

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    Objective. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of moderate ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) in the contemporary CABG population. We also aimed to correlate the effective regurgitant orifice area (ERO) of any regurgitant mitral valve in patients with coronary artery disease with the semiquantitative integrated scale of IMR. Design. From March 15 through June 15, 2006, 510 consecutive CABG patients in three tertiary centres were included in the study. All patients showing any sign of mitral regurgitation (MR) at the referring hospital underwent a preoperative transthoracic echocardiographic estimation of the degree of MR using the integrated scale (1-4) and ERO. Results. IMR was found in 141 patients (28%). The prevalence of moderate 2+ or worse IMR was 4% (95% CI; 2.5-6.1%) and the ERO corresponding to 2+ IMR or more ranged from 5 to 30 mm2. Fourteen patients had an ERO between 15-30 mm2. Conclusions. According to our study, patients with moderate IMR, defined as an ERO between 15-30 mm2, account for only 2.7% (95% CI; 1.5-4.7%) of a non-emergency CABG population

    Moderate mitral regurgitation in patients undergoing CABG - the MoMIC trial

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    Background. The presence of mild to moderate ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) marks a significantly reduced long-term survival and increased hospitalizations due to heart-failure. However, it is common practice in many institutions to refrain from repairing the mitral valve in these patients. There are no available conclusive data to support this practice, and thus there is a need for an adequately powered randomized trial. Study design. The Moderate Mitral Regurgitation In Patients Undergoing CABG (MoMIC) trial is the first international multi-center, large-scale study to clarify whether moderate IMR in CABG patients should be corrected. A total of 550 CABG patients with moderate IMR are to be randomized to treatment of either CABG alone or CABG plus mitral valve correction. The primary end point is a composite end point of mortality and rehospitalization for heart failure at five years. The inclusion and randomization of patients started in February 2008. Implication. If correction of moderate IMR in CABG patients proves to be the superior strategy, most patients should be treated accordingly
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