292 research outputs found

    Synthesis and In Vitro Anticancer Evaluation of Flavone—1,2,3-Triazole Hybrids

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    Hybrid compounds of flavones, namely chrysin and kaempferol, and substituted 1,2,3-triazole derivatives, were synthesized by click reaction of the intermediate O-propargyl derivatives. 4-Fluoro- and 4-nitrobenzyl-1,2,3-triazole-containing hybrid molecules were prepared. The mono- and bis-coupled hybrids were investigated on 60 cell lines of 9 common cancer types (NCI60) in vitro as antitumor agents. Some of them proved to have a significant antiproliferative effect

    Synthesis and In Vitro Anticancer Evaluation of Chrysin Containing Hybrids and Other Chrysin Derivatives

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    Chrysin, a well-known naturally occurring flavonoid having several biological effects including antiproliferative activity, was coupled with different pharmacophore structures. Coupling was carried out with spacers of different lengths and types. Structures selected for hybrid formation were amines, cyclic amino acid esters, and (hetero)aromatic compounds. In addition, vindoline, which is a Vinca alkaloid containing an indole skeleton, was also used. The alkylation of amines in the presence of carbonate base resulted in an interesting carbamate side product formation beside the expected amine. We also present the detailed structure elucidation of the carbamates. The in vitro anticancer activities of the synthesized derivatives were examined against 60 human tumor cell lines in National Cancer Institute (NCI, USA)

    Synthesis and In Vitro Anticancer Evaluation of Flavone—1,2,3-Triazole Hybrids

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    Hybrid compounds of flavones, namely chrysin and kaempferol, and substituted 1,2,3-triazole derivatives, were synthesized by click reaction of the intermediate O-propargyl derivatives. 4-Fluoro- and 4-nitrobenzyl-1,2,3-triazole-containing hybrid molecules were prepared. The mono- and bis-coupled hybrids were investigated on 60 cell lines of 9 common cancer types (NCI60) in vitro as antitumor agents. Some of them proved to have a significant antiproliferative effect

    التكلفة الفعلية لخدمات الإقراض في المصارف الإسلامية: دراسة تحليلية شرعية = The actual cost of lending services in Islamic banks Shariah: analysis study

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    Shariah councils and bodies permitted taking the actual cost from the lending in Islamic banks, and they based this permissibility on differentiating between the loan and the services accompanying the recovery of the loan and its restrictions, as these actions are excluded from the principal of the loan. However, Islamic banks differed in applying the concept of actual cost between a lump sum or a percentage. Moreover, the shariah bodies differed in the methods of taking this actual cost. Because the fee-based services provided by Islamic banks may bring some Shariah issues related to the imposition of fees or the actual cost. Therefore, this research comes to liberate the actual cost, explain its causes and controls, its root and legal absolutes, and an application model for its reality in Islamic banks. As for the approach used in this study, it is the descriptive and analytical one, by relying on collecting legal texts, then analyzing the doctrines of the jurists and discussing the mechanism for determining the calculation of actual fees and fees from the perspective of Shariah

    Novel Ring Systems: Spiro[Cycloalkane] Derivatives of Triazolo- and Tetrazolo-Pyridazines

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    In orderto synthesize new pyridazine derivatives anellated with different nitrogen heterocyclic moieties, spiro[cycloalkane]pyridazinones were transformed into the corresponding thioxo derivatives via a reaction with phosphorus pentasulfide. The reaction of the formed 2,3-diazaspiro[5.5] undec-3-ene-1-thiones with hydrazine provided the corresponding 1-hydrazono-2,3-diazaspiro[5.5] undec-3-ene, whose diazotization led to the desired spiro[cyclohexane-1,8′-tetrazolo[1,5-b]pyridazines. The reaction of dihydropyridazinethiones with benzhydrazide afforded the corresponding 7H-spiro[[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-b]pyridazin-8,1′-cyclohexanes]. As a result of our work, seven new pyridazinethione intermediates were prepared, which served as starting materials for the synthesis of two kinds of new ring systems: tetrazolo-pyridazines and triazolo-pyridazines. The six new annulated derivatives were characterized by physicochemical parameters. The new N-heterocycles are valuable members of the large family of pyridazines

    Results in Chemistry of Natural Organic Compounds. Synthesis of New Anticancer Vinca Alkaloids and Flavone Alkaloids

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    The antitumor indole–indoline alkaloids of the evergreen Catharanthus roseus—namely vinblastine and vincristine—are widely used in chemotherapy of cancer. Many efforts were made to synthesize more efficient derivatives with less side-effect. The 14,15-cyclopropane derivative of vinblastine was synthesized successfully by a five-step procedure starting from vindoline. Vincristine, vinorelbine and several derivatives condensed with a cyclopropane ring were synthesized. Various hybrid molecules were prepared by the coupling reaction of vindoline and methyl ester of tryptophan, which were conjugated by carrier peptides of octaarginine. Studying the halogenation reactions of vindoline and catharanthine some fluorine derivatives were obtained which showed promising antitumor activity on various tumor types. The synthesis of the Aspidospermane alkaloid bannucine and 5′-epibannucine were carried out using N-acyliminium intermediates. The same intermediate was also applied in the first synthesis of sessiline. The research group have synthesized of flavonoid alkaloids: dracocephins A and B. Further three flavonoid alkaloids, namely 8-(2”-pyrrolidinon-5′′-yl)quercetin, 6-(2′′-pyrrolidinon-5′′-yl)-(−)- and 8-(2′′-pyrrolidinon-5′′-yl)-(−)-epicatechin were prepared by acid-catalyzed regioselective Mannich reaction starting from the corresponding flavonoid precursor. Vindoline was also coupled to synthetic pharmacophores, such as triphenylphosphine and various N-heterocycles. Some of these hybrid molecules showed significant antitumor activity. Furthermore, 7-OH and 7-NH modified flavonoid derivatives were synthesized by a regioselective alkylation followed by Smiles rearrangement and hydrolysis
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