20 research outputs found

    Secure and Privacy-Aware Cloud-Assisted Video Reporting Service in 5G Enabled Vehicular Networks

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    Vehicular networks are one of the main technologies that will be leveraged by the arrival of the future fifth generation (5G) mobile cellular networks. While scalability and latency are the major drawbacks of IEEE 802.11p and 4G LTE enabled vehicular communications, respectively, the 5G technology is a promising solution to empower the real-time services offered by vehicular networks. However, the security and privacy of such services in 5G enabled vehicular networks need to be addressed first. In this paper, we propose a novel system model for a 5G enabled vehicular network that facilitates a reliable, secure and privacy-aware real-time video reporting service. This service is designed for the participating vehicles to instantly report the videos of traffic accidents to guarantee a timely response from official and/or ambulance vehicles toward accidents. While it provides strong security and privacy guarantees for the participating vehicle’s identity and the video contents, the proposed service ensures traceability of misbehaving participants through a cooperation scheme among different authorities. We show the feasibility and the fulfilment of the proposed reporting service in 5G enabled vehicular networks in terms of security, privacy and efficiency

    DataProVe: Fully Automated Conformance Verification Between Data Protection Policies and System Architectures

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    Privacy and data protection by design are relevant parts of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), in which businesses and organisations are encouraged to implement measures at an early stage of the system design phase to fulfil data protection requirements. This paper addresses the policy and system architecture design and propose two variants of privacy policy language and architecture description language, respectively, for specifying and verifying data protection and privacy requirements. In addition, we develop a fully automated algorithm based on logic, for verifying three types of conformance relations (privacy, data protection, and functional conformance) between a policy and an architecture specified in our languages’ variants. Compared to related works, this approach supports a more systematic and fine-grained analysis of the privacy, data protection, and functional properties of a system. Our theoretical methods are then implemented as a software tool called DataProVe and its feasibility is demonstrated based on the centralised and decentralised approaches of COVID-19 contact tracing applications

    Situation-Aware QoS Routing Algorithm for Vehicular Ad hoc Networks

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    A wide range of services has been developed for Vehicular Ad hoc Networks (VANETs) ranging from safety to infotainment applications. An essential requirement for such services is that they are offered with Quality of Service (QoS) guarantees in terms of service reliability and availability. Searching for feasible routes subject to multiple QoS constraints is in general an NP-hard problem. Besides, routing reliability needs to be paid special attention as communication links frequently break in VANETs. In this paper, we propose employing the Situational Awareness (SA) concept and an Ant Colony System (ACS) based algorithm to develop a Situation-Aware Multi-constrained QoS (SAMQ) routing algorithm for VANETs. SAMQ aims to compute feasible routes between the communicating vehicles subject to multiple QoS constraints and pick the best computed route, if such a route exists. To mitigate the risks inherited from selecting the best computed route that may turn out to fail at any moment, SAMQ utilises the SA levels and ACS mechanisms to prepare certain countermeasures with the aim of assuring a reliable data transmission. Simulation results demonstrate that SAMQ is capable of achieving a reliable data transmission as compared to the existing QoS routing algorithms even when the network topology is highly dynamic

    Secure and Privacy-Aware Proxy Mobile IPv6 Protocol for Vehicle-to-Grid Networks

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    Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) networks have emerged as a new communication paradigm between Electric Vehicles (EVs) and the Smart Grid (SG). In order to ensure seamless communications between mobile EVs and the electric vehicle supply equipment, the support of ubiquitous and transparent mobile IP communications is essential in V2G networks. However, enabling mobile IP communications raises real concerns about the possibility of tracking the locations of connected EVs through their mobile IP addresses. In this paper, we employ certificate-less public key cryptography in synergy with the restrictive partially blind signature technique to construct a secure and privacy-aware proxy mobile IPv6 (SP-PMIPv6) protocol for V2G networks. SP-PMIPv6 achieves low authentication latency while protecting the identity and location privacy of the mobile EV. We evaluate the SP-PMIPv6 protocol in terms of its authentication overhead and the information-theoretic uncertainty derived by the mutual information metric to show the high level of achieved anonymity

    Secure Proximity-Based Identity Pairing using an Untrusted Signalling Service

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    New protocols such as WebRTC promise seamless in-browser peer-to-peer communications that in theory remove the need for third-party services. In practice, widespread use of Firewalls, NATS and dynamic IP addresses mean that overlay addressing or use of some fixed rendezvous point is still needed. In this paper we describe a proximity-based pairing scheme that uses a signalling service to minimise the trust requirements on the third party, achieving anonymity and avoiding the need for PKI, while still requiring only a simple asymmetric pairing protocol

    Rail Internet of Things: An Architectural Platform and Assured Requirements Model

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    Given the plethora of individual preferences and requirements of public transport passengers for travel, seating, catering, etc., it becomes very challenging to tailor generic services to individuals’ requirements using the existing service platforms. As tens of thousands of sensors have been already deployed along roadsides and rail tracks, and on buses and trains in many countries, it is expected that the introduction of IP networking will revolutionise the functionality of public transport in general and rail services in particular. In this paper, we propose a new communication paradigm to improve rail services and address the requirement of rail service users: the Rail Internet of Things (RIoT). To the best of our knowledge, it is the first work to define the RIoT and design an architectural platform that includes its components and the data communication channels. Moreover, we develop an assured requirements model using the situation calculus modelling to represent the fundamental requirements for adjustable, decentralised feedback control mechanisms necessary for the RIoT-ready software systems. The developed formal model is applied to demonstrate the design of passenger assistance software that interacts with the RIoT ecosystem and provides passengers with real-time information that is tailored to their requirements with runtime adaptability. Keywords—Assistance; Assured model; Inclusive; IoT; Rail Internet of Things (RIoT); Situation Calculu

    A Trust-based Cooperative System for Efficient Wi-Fi Radio Access Networks

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    This paper proposes a novel trust-based cooperative system to facilitate efficient Wi-Fi network access trading to solve the network congestion problem in a beneficial manner for both service providers and customers. The proposed system enables service providers to improve their users’ application performance through a novel cooperative Access Point (AP) association solution. The system is based on a Software-Defined Wireless Network (SDWN) controller, which has a global view of users’ devices, requirements, and APs. The SDWN controller is supported by Smart Contracts (SCs) as code of law, to liaise control among service providers according to the terms of their mutual agreements. Evaluation results in dense Wi-Fi network environments show how the system can significantly improve the overall performance for the cooperating network. Specifically, the results have been compared against the standard AP association approach and other centralised algorithms dealing with the same problem, in terms of the data bit rate provided to the users’ stations (STAs), Quality of Experience (QoE), bandwidth and energy consumed by the APs

    Heterogeneous Signcryption Scheme with Group Equality Test for Satellite-enabled IoVs

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    With the growing popularization of the Internet of Vehicles (IoVs), the combination of satellite navigation system and IoVs is also in a state of continuous improvement. In this paper, we present a heterogeneous signcryption scheme with group equality test for IoVs (HSC-GET), which avoids the adversaries existing in the insecure channels to intercept, alter or delete messages from satellite to vehicles. The satellite is arranged in an identity-based cryptographic (IBC) system to ensure safe and fast transmission of instruction, while the vehicles are arranged in certificateless cryptosystem (CLC) to concern the security of the equipment. In addition, the group granularity authorization is integrated to ensure the cloud server can only execute the equality test on ciphertext generated by the same group of vehicles. Through rigorous performance and security analyses, we observe that our proposed construction reduces the equality test overhead by about 63:96%, 81:23%, 80:84%, and 54:98% in comparison to other competitive protocols. Furthermore, the confidentiality, integrity and authenticity of messages are guaranteed

    A reliability-based routing scheme for vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) on highways

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    Vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) are a special form of networks which enable the communications among vehicles on roads with no need of fixed infrastructure. The special characteristics of VANETs like high mobility and frequent changes of network topology create challenging technical issues, which need to be resolved in order to deploy these networks effectively. Routing reliability is one of the most critical issues where, the established route should be the most reliable one among all other routes to the destination. In this paper, we propose a new reliability-based routing scheme for VANETs in order to facilitate Quality of Service (QoS) support in the routing process. The link reliability is defined as the probability that an active link remains available for a certain time interval. The location and velocity information of vehicles are used to calculate link reliability accurately. We demonstrate that the proposed scheme improves significantly the performance of the standard Ad hoc On-demand Distance Vector (AODV) routing protocol

    DRIVING WITH SHARKS Rethinking Connected Vehicles with Vehicle Cybersecurity

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    In a public service announcement on 17 March 2016, the Federal Bureau of Investigation jointly with the U.S. Department of Transportation and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) released a warning regarding the increasing vulnerability of motor vehicles to remote exploits [18]. Engine shutdowns, disabled brakes, and locked doors are a few examples of possible vehicle cybersecurity attacks. Modern cars grow into a new target for cyberattacks as they become increasingly connected. While driving on the road, sharks (i.e., hackers) need only to be within communication range of a vehicle to attack it. However, in some cases, they can hack into it while they are miles away. In this article, we aim to illuminate the latest vehicle cybersecurity threats including malware attacks, on-board diagnostic (OBD) vulnerabilities, and automobile apps threats. We illustrate the in-vehicle network architecture and demonstrate the latest defending mechanisms designed to mitigate such threats