123 research outputs found

    Interaction of Human Serum Album and C60 Aggregates in Solution

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    An important property of C60 in aquatic ecotoxicology is that it can form stable aggregates with nanoscale dimensions, namely nC60. Aggregation allows fullerenes to remain suspended for a long time, and the reactivity of individual C60 is substantially altered in this aggregate form. Herein, we investigated the interaction of nC60 and human serum album (HSA) using the methods of fluorescence, fluorescence dynamics, circular dichroism (CD), and site marker competitive experiments. We proposed a binding model consistent with the available experimental results for the interactions of nC60 with HSA. During the interaction process, the structure and conformation of HSA were affected, leading to functional changes of drug binding sites of HSA

    Effect of nickel on the microstructure and mechanical property of die-cast Al–Mg–Si–Mn alloy

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    The effect of nickel on the microstructure and mechanical properties of a die-cast Al–Mg–Si–Mn alloy has been investigated. The results show that the presence of Ni in the alloy promotes the formation of Ni-rich intermetallics. These occur consistently during solidification in the die-cast Al–Mg–Si–Mn alloy across different levels of Ni content. The Ni-rich intermetallics exhibit dendritic morphology during the primary solidification and lamellar morphology during the eutectic solidification stage. Ni was found to be always associated with iron forming AlFeMnSiNi intermetallics, and no Al3Ni intermetallic was observed when Ni concentrations were up to 2.06 wt% in the alloy. Although with different morphologies, the Ni-rich intermetallics were identified as the same AlFeMnSiNi phase bearing a typical composition of Al[100–140](Fe,Mn)[2–7]SiNi[4–9]. With increasing Ni content, the spacing of the α-Al–Mg2Si eutectic phase was enlarged in the Al–Mg–Si–Mn alloy. The addition of Ni to the alloy resulted in a slight increase in the yield strength, but a significant decrease in the elongation. The ultimate tensile strength (UTS) increased slightly from 300 to 320 MPa when a small amount (e.g. 0.16 wt%) of Ni was added to the alloy, but further increase of the Ni content resulted in a decrease of the UTS.The Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), Technology Strategy Board (TSB) and Jaguar Land Rover (JLR) in the United Kingdom

    AFAP1-AS1 Promotes Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition and Tumorigenesis Through Wnt/β-Catenin Signaling Pathway in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

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    Long non-coding RNA (LncRNA) actin filament-associated protein1-antisense RNA 1 (AFAP1-AS1) is overexpressed in various types of cancers and plays an important role in tumor progression and prognosis. This study investigates the role of AFAP1-AS1 in tumor progression in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). We found that AFAP1-AS1 was overexpressed in TNBC tissues and cells. Overexpression of LncRNA AFAP1-AS1 was associated with poor prognosis in TNBC patients. Moreover, we demonstrated that upregulation of AFAP1-AS1 promoted cell proliferation and invasion, and inhibited cell apoptosis in vitro, while overexpression of AFAP1-AS1 promoted tumor growth in vivo. Our results also revealed that upregulation of AFAP1-AS1 activated Wnt/β-catenin pathway to promote tumorigenesis and cell invasion by increasing the expression of C-myc and epithelial-mesenchymal transition-related molecules in TNBC. Collectively, AFAP1-AS1 can be an independent prognostic marker and an effective therapeutic target of triple- negative breast cancer

    A hierarchical porous microstructure for improving long-term stability of Ni1-xCux/SDC anode-supported IT-SOFCs fueled with dry methane

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    A series of Ni1-xCux/Sm-doped ceria (Ni1-xCux/SDC) anodes have been prepared through introducing a soluble pore former with the co-pressing and co-sintering process. Uniform hierarchical porous microstructures are formed in Ni0.9Cu0.1/SDC anode with interconnected large pores of 2–5 μm and 100–300 nm small pores on the wall. The solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) based on such anode exhibits exceptional electrochemical catalytic activity for dry CH4 oxidation and a maximum power density of 379 mW cm−2 is acquired at 600 °C. Durability test results show only 2.4% power density drop is observed after 72 h operation under a constant cell voltage of 0.5 V. The results have demonstrated that the optimization of anode microstructures is an effective way to improve the performance and long-term stability of Ni1-xCux alloy-based anode-supported SOFC