2,228 research outputs found

    Weighing matrices and spherical codes

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    Mutually unbiased weighing matrices (MUWM) are closely related to an antipodal spherical code with 4 angles. In the present paper, we clarify the relationship between MUWM and the spherical sets, and give the complete solution about the maximum size of a set of MUWM of weight 4 for any order. Moreover we describe some natural generalization of a set of MUWM from the viewpoint of spherical codes, and determine several maximum sizes of the generalized sets. They include an affirmative answer of the problem of Best, Kharaghani, and Ramp.Comment: Title is changed from "Association schemes related to weighing matrices

    Recording system for the solar neutron monitoring at Mt. Norikura

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    To monitor solar neutron events, a new recording system will be installed at Mt. Norikura Cosmic Ray Observatory. The recording system is composed of a pulse counter with clock and a microcomputer with minifloppy disk. The counter and the microcomputer are connected through the General Purpose Interface Bus line. The one minute total count of the neutron monitor is recorded on the minifloppy disk

    Global NLO Analysis of Nuclear Parton Distribution Functions

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    Nuclear parton distribution functions (NPDFs) are determined by a global analysis of experimental measurements on structure-function ratios F_2^A/F_2^{A'} and Drell-Yan cross section ratios \sigma_{DY}^A/\sigma_{DY}^{A'}, and their uncertainties are estimated by the Hessian method. The NPDFs are obtained in both leading order (LO) and next-to-leading order (NLO) of \alpha_s. As a result, valence-quark distributions are relatively well determined, whereas antiquark distributions at x>0.2 and gluon distributions in the whole x region have large uncertainties. The NLO uncertainties are slightly smaller than the LO ones; however, such a NLO improvement is not as significant as the nucleonic case.Comment: 3 pages, LaTeX, 4 eps files, to be published in the AIP proceedings of the 9th International Workshop on Neutrino Factories, Superbeams and Betabeams (NuFact07), Okayama, Japan, August 6 - 11, 2007. A code for calculating our nuclear parton distribution functions and their uncertainties can be obtained from http://research.kek.jp/people/kumanos/nuclp.htm

    The structure of the shower disk observed at Mt. Norikura

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    The structure of the EAS shower disk, the arrival time distribution of charged particles at the core of the small or middle size shower, is measured at Mt. Norikura in Japan. Four fast scintillation counters with an area of 0.25 sq m and a fast trigger system are added to the Mt. Norikura EAS array for the study

    Fast scintillation counter system and performance

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    An experimental study of the fast scintillation counter (FS) system to observe a shower disk structure at Mt. Norikura is described, especially the system performance and a pulse wave-form by a single charge particles. The photomultiplier tube (PT) pulse appears at the leading edge of the main pulse. To remove this PT-pulse from the main pulse, the frame of the scintillator vessel was changed. The fast triggering system was made to decrease the dead time which came from the use of the function of the self triggering of the storage oscilloscope (OSC). To provide a new field on the multi-parameter study of the cosmic ray showers, the system response of the FS system also improved as a result of many considerations

    Twist Symmetry and Classical Solutions in Open String Field Theory

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    We construct classical solutions of open string field theory which are not invariant under ordinary twist operation. From detailed analysis of the moduli space of the solutions, it turns out that our solutions become nontrivial at boundaries of the moduli space. The cohomology of the modified BRST operator and the CSFT potential evaluated by the level truncation method strongly support the fact that our nontrivial solutions correspond to the closed string vacuum. We show that the nontrivial solutions are equivalent to the twist even solution which was found by Takahashi and Tanimoto, and twist invariance of open string field theory remains after the shift of the classical backgrounds.Comment: 19 pages, 2 figures; v2: errors fixe