293 research outputs found

    Implementation of the principles of sustainable development by agricultural producers in Poland

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    Purpose: The aim of the research is to identify and assess the opportunities and processes of implementing sustainable development in agricultural activities. It is also to assess farmers’ awareness and knowledge of the principles of sustainable development in agriculture. Design/Methodology/Approach: Research on the application of the principles of sustainable development in agricultural production was carried out in 2019. Data was collected in four voivodships using the interview questionnaire. The research area was chosen deliberately. They were voivodships with the largest share of sown crops. The collected material was analyzed in terms of farmers’ knowledge of the principles of sustainable development in agricultural production and the level of their application on the farm. Findings: Based on the collected information, it was found that the respondents had a high level of knowledge about the sustainable development of agriculture. The results show significant differences in the application of sustainable development principles. It was also found that there is a relationship between the level of education and age of farmers and the application of sustainable development principles among them. Knowing the principles of sustainable development has not always coincided with the application. Practical Implications: The results obtained may be used for development of the agricultural policy, aimed at agricultural farms, as well as in programming agricultural development and shaping farmers’ income. Originality/Value: The results are original because they can be used to develop future agricultural policy scenarios in terms of compensation for conducting agricultural production in a sustainable way.peer-reviewe

    Co-financing of organic farming in the EU : necessity or fantasy?

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    Purpose: The purpose of the work is to analyse and assess the situation of organic farming in the EU, as well as the support system that is targeted at this type of activity. Design/Methodology/Approach: Organic farming has shown dynamic growth and development in the last two decades, especially in economically developed countries. The study concerns sources of support for the development of organic farming in EU countries. An analytical and descriptive method based on Eurostat Faostat, Polish FADN, Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Poland, as well as official documents and reports were used. The development of the number and area of organic farms was analysed, and mechanisms of financing ecological activity on farms were discussed. Findings: Based on the analysed information, it was found that organic farming is not developing in a similar way in all EU countries. The results of the analyses show that the main reason for conducting this type of production was the compensation paid to farmers under the CAP. Practical Implications: The obtained results can be used in analyses of agricultural policy in the scope of supporting farmers conducting production with the ecological system, considering the international perspective. Such studies are not carried out very often, and in addition, changes occur so quickly that the phenomenon should be monitored on an ongoing basis. Originality/Value: The results and conclusions are crucial because they indicate that the policy used is important and should be expanded. The legitimacy of using both the national and EU financing system for the development of organic farming has been demonstrated. Financial support should be more flexible and tailored to the needs of beneficiaries.peer-reviewe

    Syntaxin 8 regulates platelet dense granule secretion, aggregation, and thrombus stability.

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    Platelet secretion not only drives thrombosis and hemostasis, but also mediates a variety of other physiological and pathological processes. The ubiquitous SNARE machinery and a number of accessory proteins have been implicated in regulating secretion in platelet. Although several platelet SNAREs have been identified, further members of the SNARE family may be needed to fine-tune platelet secretion. In this study we identified expression of the t-SNARE syntaxin 8 (STX8) (Qc SNARE) in mouse and human platelets. In mouse studies, whereas STX8 was not essential for α-granule or lysosome secretion, Stx8(-/-) platelets showed a significant defect in dense granule secretion in response to thrombin and CRP. This was most pronounced at intermediate concentrations of agonists. They also showed an aggregation defect that could be rescued with exogenous ADP and increased embolization in Stx8(-/-) mice in vivo consistent with an important autocrine and paracrine role for ADP in aggregation and thrombus stabilization. STX8 therefore specifically contributes to dense granule secretion and represents another member of a growing family of genes that play distinct roles in regulating granule release from platelets and thus platelet function in thrombosis and hemostasis
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