3,092 research outputs found

    Out-of-equilibrium density dynamics of a spinful Luttinger liquid

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    Using a Luttinger liquid theory we investigate the time evolution of the particle density of a one-dimensional spinful fermionic system with open boundaries and subject to a finite-duration quench of the inter-particle interaction. Taking into account also the turning on of an umklapp perturbation to the system Hamiltonian as a result of the quench, we study the possible formation of a Wigner molecule inside the system, focusing in particular on the sudden and adiabatic regimes. We show that the creation of this correlated state is essentially due to the propagation of "light-cone" perturbations through system which arise after both switching on and switching off the quenching protocol and that its behavior strongly depends on the quench duration.Comment: 10 pages, 2 figures. Proceedings submitted to Nuovo Cimento C - Colloquia and Communications in Physic

    Crystallization of fractional charges in a strongly interacting quasi-helical quantum dot

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    The ground-state electron density of a one-dimensional spin-orbit coupled quantum dot with a Zeeman term and strong electron interaction is studied at the fractional helical liquid points. We show that at fractional filling factors ν=(2n+1)−1\nu=(2n+1)^{-1} (with nn a non-negative integer) the density oscillates with N0/νN_{0}/\nu peak. For n≥1n\geq 1 a number of peaks larger than the number of electrons N0N_{0} suggests that a crystal of fractional quasi-particles with charge νe\nu e (with ee the electron charge) occurs. The reported effect is amenable of verification via transport measurements in charged AFM-coupled dot

    Improved Superconducting Qubit Readout by Qubit-Induced Nonlinearities

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    In dispersive readout schemes, qubit-induced nonlinearity typically limits the measurement fidelity by reducing the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) when the measurement power is increased. Contrary to seeing the nonlinearity as a problem, here we propose to use it to our advantage in a regime where it can increase the SNR. We show analytically that such a regime exists if the qubit has a many-level structure. We also show how this physics can account for the high-fidelity avalanchelike measurement recently reported by Reed {\it et al.} [arXiv:1004.4323v1].Comment: 4 pages, 5 figure

    Tunable joint measurements in the dispersive regime of cavity QED

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    Joint measurements of multiple qubits have been shown to open new possibilities for quantum information processing. Here, we present an approach based on homodyne detection to realize such measurements in the dispersive regime of cavity/circuit QED. By changing details of the measurement, the readout can be tuned from extracting only single-qubit to only multi-qubit properties. We obtain a reduced stochastic master equation describing this measurement and its effect on the qubits. As an example, we present results showing parity measurements of two qubits. In this situation, measurement of an initially unentangled state can yield with near unit probability a state of significant concurrence.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figure

    Tunable coupling in circuit quantum electrodynamics with a superconducting V-system

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    Recent progress in superconducting qubits has demonstrated the potential of these devices for the future of quantum information processing. One desirable feature for quantum computing is independent control of qubit interactions as well as qubit energies. We demonstrate a new type of superconducting charge qubit that has a V-shaped energy spectrum and uses quantum interference to provide independent control over the qubit energy and dipole coupling to a superconducting cavity. We demonstrate dynamic access to the strong coupling regime by tuning the coupling strength from less than 200 kHz to more than 40 MHz. This tunable coupling can be used to protect the qubit from cavity-induced relaxation and avoid unwanted qubit-qubit interactions in a multi-qubit system.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figure

    Widely-tunable mid-IR frequency comb source based on difference frequency generation

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    We report on a mid-infrared frequency comb source of unprecedented tunability covering the entire 3-10 {\mu}m molecular fingerprint region. The system is based on difference frequency generation in a GaSe crystal pumped by a 151 MHz Yb:fiber frequency comb. The process was seeded with Raman shifted solitons generated in a highly nonlinear suspended-core fiber with the same source. Average powers up to 1.5 mW were achieved at 4.7 {\mu}m wavelength.Comment: 3 pages, 3 figure
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