66 research outputs found

    The Geoff Egan Memorial Lecture 2011. Artefacts, art and artifice: reconsidering iconographic sources for archaeological objects in early modern Europe

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    A first systematic analysis of historic domestic material culture depicted in contemporaneous Western painting and prints, c.1400-1800. Drawing on an extensive data set, the paper proposes to methodologies and hermeneutics for historical analysis and archaeological correspondence

    A multi-spectroscopic study for the characterization and definition of production techniques of German ceramic sherds

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    The aim of this archaeometric study is to recover information regarding technological processes and raw materials used for the production of ceramic sherds coming from five central and Eastern German sites, between Lower Saxony and Saxony states. The ceramic fragments have been investigated by a multi-spectroscopic approach: Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), micro-Raman spectroscopy and X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) were employed to characterize both ceramic bodies and glazes. Moreover the innovative application of Laser Induced Fluorescence (LIF) on ceramic findings has been proposed and evaluated. Chemical and mineralogical composition, as well as microstructure, of ceramic mixture and glaze are correlated to native material composition and firing temperature, which have become a fundamental features in archaeometric research and play a key role in understanding the provenance of the pottery and its production techniques.The multi-spectroscopic approach applied in this work has enabled the ability to characterize the ceramic sherds and to investigate through non-destructive techniques both ceramic glaze and matrix giving information regarding the raw materials and pigments/colourants used, and regarding firing temperature and technology. The present study carried on using complementary methods suggests different raw material sources and temperature kilns. These data are in agreement with the location of ceramic sites and with data in literature. Furthermore, the interesting results suggest that non-destructive techniques, such as LIF and Raman spectroscopy, are promising methods for ceramic and glaze characterization. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved

    Religious transformations in the Middle Ages: towards a new archaeological agenda

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    The study of religious change in Europe between the collapse of the Roman Empire and the Reformation forms one of the cornerstones of medieval archaeology but has been riven by period, denominational and geographical divisions. This paper lays the groundwork for a fundamental rethink of archaeological approaches to medieval religions, by adopting a holistic framework that places Christian, pagan, Islamic and Jewish case studies of religious transformation in a long-term, comparative perspective. Focused around the analytical themes of ‚Äėhybridity and resilience‚Äô and ‚Äėtempo and trajectories‚Äô, our approach shifts attention away from the singularities of national narratives of religious conversion towards a deeper understanding of how religious beliefs, practices and identity were renegotiated by medieval people in their daily lives

    Taking the kitchen sink: archaeological and scientific evidence for the migration of pottery workshops in northern Europe during the late medieval to early modern period

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    A first systematic survey and analysis of the movement of craft production in the wake of urbanism and the opening of new markets by Hanseatic traders in late medieval to early modern northyern Europe, and in particular the Baltic Sea region

    Dealing with the archaeology of the modern world in northern and central Europe: past experience and future prospects

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    A first critical review of historical archaeology in northern Europe over the past 25 years, making it a primary source of international reference. One-stop shop for an extensive data set, amplifying the narrative set out in: ’An Embarrassment of Riches? Post-Medieval Archaeology in Northern Europe’, in T. Majewski and D. Gaimster eds., International Handbook of Historical Archaeology, Springer: NewYork (2009), 525-54

    The Hunterian, University of Glasgow

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    The first overview of the collections of human and natural history held by The Hunterian, University of Glasgow, featuring key archaeological monuments and artefacts from the Antonine Wall and West of Scotland Prehistory, numismatics, painting and sculpture, life and earth sciences collections
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