667 research outputs found

    The ATESP 5 GHz radio survey. II. Physical properties of the faint radio population

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    One of the most debated issues about sub-mJy radio sources, which are responsible for the steepening of the 1.4 GHz source counts, is the origin of their radio emission. Particularly interesting is the possibility of combining radio spectral index information with other observational properties to assess whether the sources are triggered by star formation or nuclear activity. The aim of this work is to study the optical and near infrared properties of a complete sample of 131 radio sources with S>0.4 mJy, observed at both 1.4 and 5 GHz as part of the ATESP radio survey. We use deep multi-colour (UBVRIJK) images, mostly taken in the framework of the ESO Deep Public Survey, to optically identify and derive photometric redshifts for the ATESP radio sources. Deep optical coverage and extensive colour information are available for 3/4 of the region covered by the radio sample. Typical depths of the images are U~25, B~26, V~25.4, R~25.5, I~24.3, 19.5<K_s<20.2, J<22.2. Optical/near infrared counterparts are found for ~78% (66/85) of the radio sources in the region covered by the deep multi-colour imaging, and for 56 of these reliable estimates of the redshift and type are derived. We find that many of the sources with flat radio spectra are characterised by high radio-to-optical ratios (R>1000), typical of classical powerful radio galaxies and quasars. Flat-spectrum sources with low R values are preferentially identified with early type galaxies, where the radio emission is most probably triggered by low-luminosity active galactic nuclei. Considering both early type galaxies and quasars as sources with an active nucleus, such sources largely dominate our sample (78%). Flat-spectrum sources associated with early type galaxies are quite compact (d<10-30 kpc), suggesting core-dominated radio emission.Comment: 15 pages, 13 figures, accepted for pubblication in A&

    The ATESP Radio Survey II. The Source Catalogue

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    This paper is part of a series reporting the results of the Australia Telescope ESO Slice Project (ATESP) radio survey obtained at 1400 MHz with the Australia Telescope Compact Array (ATCA) over the region covered by the ESO Slice Project (ESP) galaxy redshift survey. The survey consists of 16 radio mosaics with ~8"x14" resolution and uniform sensitivity (1sigma noise level ~79 microJy) over the whole area of the ESP redshift survey (~26 sq. degrees at decl. -40 degr). Here we present the catalogue derived from the ATESP survey. We detected 2960 distinct radio sources down to a flux density limit of ~0.5 mJy (6sigma), 1402 being sub-mJy sources. We describe in detail the procedure followed for the source extraction and parameterization. The internal accuracy of the source parameters was tested with Monte Carlo simulations and possible systematic effects (e.g. bandwidth smearing) have been quantified.Comment: 14 pages, 14 Postscript figures, Accepted for publication in A&A Suppl. Corrected typos and added Journal Referenc

    The nature of close companions of the BL Lac Objects 1ES 0502+675 and 1ES 1440+122

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    We report on deep radio images and optical spectroscopy of two BL Lac objects that have very close compact companions. The two targets, 1ES 0502+675 and 1ES 1440+122, were selected from the HST imaging survey of 110 BL Lacs as candidates for possible gravitational lensing. The new observations clearly demonstrate that the companion objects are not secondary images of the active nuclei but, in spite of the relatively low chance projection probability, foreground Galactic stars. Gravitational lensing appears to be unimportant to the BL Lac phenomenon. We discuss the radio properties of the BL Lac objects in the context of standard beaming models, and show they are as expected for beamed FRI radio galaxies.Comment: 13 pages, 5 figures, ApJ in pres
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