1,980 research outputs found

    HREM studies of intergrowths in Sr2[Srn-1TinO3n+1] Ruddlesden-Popper phases synthesized by mechanochemical activation

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    A mechanochemical activation route has been applied in order to obtain the <i>n</i>=1–4 and ∞ members of the Sr<sub>2</sub>[Sr<sub>n</sub><sub>−1</sub>Ti<sub>n</sub>O<sub>3n+1</sub>] Ruddlesden– Popper series from different (<i>n</i>+1)SrO:nTiO<sub>2</sub> mixtures. The mechanosynthesis of SrTiO<sub>3</sub> and Sr<sub>2</sub>TiO<sub>4</sub> was observed during the milling process from the initial stoichiometric mixture, but in the cases of the <i>n</i>=2–4 members, a subsequent thermal treatment was needed. The synthesis protocol of Sr<sub>3</sub>Ti<sub>2</sub>O<sub>7</sub> has been greatly improved and this compound can be isolated as a single, crystalline phase after annealing at 800°C. In the case of Sr<sub>4</sub>Ti<sub>3</sub>O<sub>10</sub> and Sr<sub>5</sub>Ti<sub>4</sub>O<sub>13</sub>, the formation temperature was also decreased, but members with <i>n</i>=3 and 4 could not be isolated. Detailed investigations using electron microscopy methods (TEM, HREM and SAED) were carried out in the samples corresponding to <i>n</i>=2–4. Although a single ordered Sr<sub>3</sub>Ti<sub>2</sub>O<sub>7</sub> structure is dominant in the sample corresponding to <i>n</i>=2, a few intergrowths of other Ruddlesden–Popper phases were observed. In the cases of <i>n</i>=3 and 4, the intergrowths of Ruddlesden–Popper phases are more frequent than in the <i>n</i>=2 composition and are randomly distributed in the sample. The more frequent occurrence of such stacking faults, with increasing <i>n</i> value, leads to a somewhat disordered layer stacking sequence

    Experimental magnetic form factors in Co3V2O8: A combined study of ab initio calculations, magnetic Compton scattering and polarized neutron diffraction

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    We present a combination of ab initio calculations, magnetic Compton scattering and polarized neutron experiments, which elucidate the density distribution of unpaired electrons in the kagome staircase system Co3V2O8. Ab initio wave functions were used to calculate the spin densities in real and momentum space, which show good agreement with the respective experiments. It has been found that the spin polarized orbitals are equally distributed between the t2g and the eg levels for the spine (s) Co ions, while the eg orbitals of the cross-tie (c) Co ions only represent 30% of the atomic spin density. Furthermore, the results reveal that the magnetic moments of the cross-tie Co ions, which are significantly smaller than those of the spine Co ions in the zero-field ferromagnetic structure, do not saturate by applying an external magnetic field of 2 T along the easy axis a, but that the increasing bulk magnetization originates from induced magnetic moments on the O and V sites. The refined individual magnetic moments are mu(Co_c)=1.54(4) mu_B, mu(Co_s)=2.87(3) mu_B, mu(V)=0.41(4) mu_B, mu(O1)=0.05(5) mu_B, mu(O2)=0.35(5) mu_B, and; mu(O3)=0.36(5) mu_B combining to the same macroscopic magnetization value, which was previously only attributed to the Co ions

    ANOMALOUS GAUGE BOSON INTERACTIONS

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    We discuss the direct measurement of the trilinear vector boson couplings in present and future collider experiments. The major goals of such experiments will be the confirmation of the Standard Model (SM) predictions and the search for signals of new physics. We review our current theoretical understanding of anomalous trilinear gauge boson self-interactions. If the energy scale of the new physics is 1\sim 1 TeV, these low energy anomalous couplings are expected to be no larger than O(102){\cal O}(10^{-2}). Constraints from high precision measurements at LEP and low energy charged and neutral current processes are critically reviewed.Comment: 53 pages with 17 embedded figures, LaTeX, uses axodraw.sty, figures available on request. The complete paper, is available at ftp://phenom.physics.wisc.edu/pub/preprints/1995/madph-95-871.ps.Z or http://phenom.physics.wisc.edu/pub/preprints/1995/madph-95-871.ps.Z Summary of the DPF Working Subgroup on Anomalous Gauge Boson Interactions of the DPF Long Range Planning Stud

    Powder diffraction in the range of milliseconds

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    Magnetic properties of the Kagom mixed compounds CoxNi1 x 3V2O8

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    The magnetic properties of the mixed compounds CoxNi1 x 3 V2O8 CNVO investigated by magnetization and neutron diffraction measurements are presented. Unlike their parent compounds Ni3V2O8 NVO and Co3V2O8 CVO , only one magnetic phase transition into an antiferromagnetic phase was detected for powder samples with x 0.27, 0.52, and 0.76. The magnetic structures are modulated according to a propagation vector k delta,0,0 with delta being dependent on the composition parameter x. Furthermore, magnetization data of a CVO single crystal is featured, which is qualitatively different from previous publications and exhibits a controversial aspect concerning the behavior of the curve under an applied magnetic field along the b axi

    Coupled Negative magnetocapacitance and magnetic susceptibility in a Kagome staircase-like compound Co3V2O8

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    The dielectric constant of the Kagome staircase-like Co3V2O8 polycrystalline compound has been measured as function of temperature and magnetic field up to 14T. It is found that the application of an external magnetic field suppresses the anomaly for the dielectric constant beyond 6.1K. Furthermore, its magnetic field dependence reveals a negative magnetocapacitance which is proportional to the magnetic susceptibility, suggesting a common magnetostrictive origin for the magnetic field dependence of the two quantities. This result is very different from that obtained from the isostructural compound Ni3V2O8 that presents a peak in the dielectric constant at the incommensurate magnetic phase transition coupled to a sign change of the magnetocapacitance

    A Further Note on Federal Causes of Action

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    In the article, I argue that federal causes of action ought to be treated as (1) distinct from substantive rights, (2) synonymous with the availability of a remedy (but not whether a remedy will in fact issue) and (3) distinct from subject matter jurisdiction (unless Congress instructs otherwise). This thesis is built principally on a historical recounting of the cause of action from eighteenth century England to twenty-first century America. In taking an historical approach, I did not mean to argue that federal courts are bound to adhere to centuries-old conceptions of the cause of action. I merely used history to show why the cause of action has taken on various identities and, further, why these identities have changed over time. By closely attending to these changes, we can better determine whether linguistic changes signal substantive changes in doctrine, or are simply loose language

    1,8-Bis(3-chloro­anilino)-N,N′-bis­(3-chloro­phen­yl)octane-1,8-diimine

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    There are two half-mol­ecules in the asymmetric unit of the title compound, C32H30Cl4N4, in both of which the N—H bonds are syn to the meta-chloro substituents in the adjacent benzene ring. The other two Cl atoms of these two mol­ecules are disordered with occunpancy ratios of 0.79 (2):0.21 (2) and 0.68 (1):0.32 (1). Adjacent chloro­phenyl rings make dihedral angles of 74.3 (2) and 63.0 (2)° in the two mol­ecules. In the crystal, inter­molecular N—H⋯N hydrogen bonds link the mol­ecules into infinite chains

    ASCR/HEP Exascale Requirements Review Report

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    This draft report summarizes and details the findings, results, and recommendations derived from the ASCR/HEP Exascale Requirements Review meeting held in June, 2015. The main conclusions are as follows. 1) Larger, more capable computing and data facilities are needed to support HEP science goals in all three frontiers: Energy, Intensity, and Cosmic. The expected scale of the demand at the 2025 timescale is at least two orders of magnitude -- and in some cases greater -- than that available currently. 2) The growth rate of data produced by simulations is overwhelming the current ability, of both facilities and researchers, to store and analyze it. Additional resources and new techniques for data analysis are urgently needed. 3) Data rates and volumes from HEP experimental facilities are also straining the ability to store and analyze large and complex data volumes. Appropriately configured leadership-class facilities can play a transformational role in enabling scientific discovery from these datasets. 4) A close integration of HPC simulation and data analysis will aid greatly in interpreting results from HEP experiments. Such an integration will minimize data movement and facilitate interdependent workflows. 5) Long-range planning between HEP and ASCR will be required to meet HEP's research needs. To best use ASCR HPC resources the experimental HEP program needs a) an established long-term plan for access to ASCR computational and data resources, b) an ability to map workflows onto HPC resources, c) the ability for ASCR facilities to accommodate workflows run by collaborations that can have thousands of individual members, d) to transition codes to the next-generation HPC platforms that will be available at ASCR facilities, e) to build up and train a workforce capable of developing and using simulations and analysis to support HEP scientific research on next-generation systems.Comment: 77 pages, 13 Figures; draft report, subject to further revisio
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