52 research outputs found

    Climate influences the response of community functional traits to local conditions in bromeliad invertebrate communities

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    Functional traits determine an organism's performance in a given environment and as such determine which organisms will be found where. Species respond to local conditions, but also to larger scale gradients, such as climate. Trait ecology links these responses of species to community composition and species distributions. Yet, we often do not know which environmental gradients are most important in determining community trait composition at either local or biogeographical scales, or their interaction. Here we quantify the relative contribution of local and climatic conditions to the structure and composition of functional traits found within bromeliad invertebrate communities. We conclude that climate explains more variation in invertebrate trait composition within bromeliads than does local conditions. Importantly, climate mediated the response of traits to local conditions; for example, invertebrates with benthic life‐history traits increased with bromeliad water volume only under certain precipitation regimes. Our ability to detect this and other patterns hinged on the compilation of multiple fine‐grained datasets, allowing us to contrast the effect of climate versus local conditions. We suggest that, in addition to sampling communities at local scales, we need to aggregate studies that span large ranges in climate variation in order to fully understand trait filtering at local, regional and global scales

    Quantification of carbon and phosphorus co-limitation in bacterioplankton: new insights on an old topic

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    Because the nature of the main resource that limits bacterioplankton (e.g. organic carbon [C] or phosphorus [P]) has biogeochemical implications concerning organic C accumulation in freshwater ecosystems, empirical knowledge is needed concerning how bacteria respond to these two resources, available alone or together. We performed field experiments of resource manipulation (2×2 factorial design, with the addition of C, P, or both combined) in two Mediterranean freshwater ecosystems with contrasting trophic states (oligotrophy vs. eutrophy) and trophic natures (autotrophy vs. heterotrophy, measured as gross primary production:respiration ratio). Overall, the two resources synergistically co-limited bacterioplankton, i.e. the magnitude of the response of bacterial production and abundance to the two resources combined was higher than the additive response in both ecosystems. However, bacteria also responded positively to single P and C additions in the eutrophic ecosystem, but not to single C in the oligotrophic one, consistent with the value of the ratio between bacterial C demand and algal C supply. Accordingly, the trophic nature rather than the trophic state of the ecosystems proves to be a key feature determining the expected types of resource co-limitation of bacteria, as summarized in a proposed theoretical framework. The actual types of co-limitation shifted over time and partially deviated (a lesser degree of synergism) from the theoretical expectations, particularly in the eutrophic ecosystem. These deviations may be explained by extrinsic ecological forces to physiological limitations of bacteria, such as predation, whose role in our experiments is supported by the relationship between the dynamics of bacteria and bacterivores tested by SEMs (structural equation models). Our study, in line with the increasingly recognized role of freshwater ecosystems in the global C cycle, suggests that further attention should be focussed on the biotic interactions that modulate resource co-limitation of bacteria.This research was supported by Junta de Andalucía (Excelencia P09-RNM-5376 to JMMS) and the Spanish Ministry Ciencia e Innovación (CGL2011-23681 to PC)

    Constraints on the functional trait space of aquatic invertebrates in bromeliads

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    This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: CĂ©rĂ©ghino R, Pillar VD, Srivastava DS, et al. Constraints on the functional trait space of aquatic invertebrates in bromeliads. Funct Ecol. 2018;00:1–13. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2435.13141, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2435.13141 This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.CESAB‐FRB Labex CEBA. Grant Number: ANR‐10‐LABX‐25‐01 BPE‐FAPESP. Grant Number: 2016/01209‐9 CNPq‐Brazil. Grant Numbers: 307689/2014‐0, 401345/2014‐9 Royal Society of Edinburgh Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland US NSF. Grant Numbers: DEB‐0218039, DEB‐0620910 USDA IITF. Grant Number: 01‐1G11120101‐001 Saba Conservation Foundation PNPD‐CAPES. Grant Numbers: 2014/04603‐4, 2013087