67 research outputs found

    Chia seeds (Salvia hispanica L.): A therapeutic weapon in metabolic disorders

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    The growth of functional components containing agricultural foods is enhancing because these components aid the human body against different chronic diseases. Currently, chia seeds basically belong to the mint family and are edible seeds of Salvia hispanica. These seeds are composed of different functional components including fiber, polyphenols, antioxidants, omega-3 fatty acid vitamins, minerals, and peptides. Besides, these seeds are also a good source of vegetable protein, unsaturated fat, carbohydrates, and ash. Chia seed components are helpful in cardiovascular disease (CVD) by reducing blood pressure, platelet aggregation, cholesterol, and oxidation. In GI-tract-related diseases like diabetes and constipation, chia fiber reduces the blood glucose level and provides bulk to stool. However, antioxidants and polyphenols are protected beta cells of the pancreas from inflammation. These components are protected from the cell damage of the different body parts, which can provide help in different types of cancer including breast, colorectal, liver, and pancreatic. Conclusively, some pervious studies approved that chia seed components are played important role in chronic diseases

    Biochemical and nutritional profile of maize bran‐enriched flour in relation to its end‐use quality

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    Abstract The core objective of current research was determined to nutritional and bioactive profile of maize bran (MB)‐enriched flour in relation to its end‐use product quality. Furthermore, rheological properties of MB‐enriched flour at different levels (5%, 10%, and 15%) were explicated through farinograph and mixograph. Moreover, bread was prepared with the addition of MB‐enriched flour and was characterized for nutritional and textural properties. Results showed that MB‐enriched flour having high water absorption and water retaining potential up to 4%–7% as compared to wheat flour (WF). Moreover, dough height gradually decreased with the addition of MB due to water‐binding ability of bran which causes a decrease in gas retention during fermentation. This resulted in bread volume decrease (4%–7%) as compared to WF. Furthermore, the moisture content and hardness increased with the addition of MB. The water activity of bread slightly increased with the addition of maize bran after 4‐day storage. Conclusively, MB‐enriched flour improved nutritional, textural, and sensorial properties of final product

    Effect of adding Aloe vera jell on the quality and sensory properties of yogurt

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    This study was planned to investigate the effect of replacing milk fat with aloe vera gel addition on yogurt quality. Purposely, yogurt was prepared with different concentration of aloe vera gel and coded as AGY0, = Control (3.5% fat and no AG), AGY1 = (1% fat and 1% AG), AGY2 = (1% fat and 2% AG), AGY3 = (1% fat and 3% AG), AGY4 = (2% fat and 1% AG), AGY5 = (2% fat and 2% AG), and AGY6 = (2% fat and 3% AG). Aloe vera gel yogurt was analyzed for physicochemical, microbial, and sensory characteristics with defined interval (0, 7th, 14th, and 21st) days. All attributes of the yogurt were significantly (0.05) affected by the addition of aloe vera gel. Results showed that the pH (4.6–4.05), viscosity (46.4–4.3), WHC (32.8%–26.1%), fat (0.9%–3.48%), protein (3.14%–3.36%), lactose (4.07%–4.23%), ash (0.48%–0.63%), total solids (11.08%–17.18%), SNF (7.69-l5.21%), and TPC (2.36 × 107 to 1.02 × 107 CFU/ml) values of yogurt samples decreased with storage time. However, acidity and syneresis of yogurt increased with the passage of time ranging from 1.12%–1.67% and 0.9–5 ml, respectively. In conclusion, aloe vera improved the texture of the yogurt which leads to higher consumer acceptability. Addition of 3% aloe vera to 1% fat (AGY3) containing buffalo milk yogurt was found to best for physicochemical as well as organoleptic characteristics as well as organoleptic characteristics

    Biochemical profile of milk thistle (Silybum Marianum L.) with special reference to silymarin content

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    The main objective of current study was to evaluate the antioxidant potential and nutritional composition of milk thistle with special reference to silymarin. For the purpose, different varieties of milk thistle were procured from three different cities of Pakistan. The study was comprised of three different phases. In 1st phase, nutritional composition, that is, moisture, fat, protein, fiber, and nitrogen free extract, was determined according to their respective methods. Moreover, antioxidant potential and quantification of silymarin content were explored in 2nd phase. Furthermore, in last phase, milk thistle seeds tea was developed and evaluated for nutritional and sensorial characteristics. At last, data obtained from each parameter was subjected to appropriate statistical design to determine the level of significance. Results showed significant difference in the nutritional and chemical composition of different milk thistle varieties as well as locations. Moreover, moisture content, ash content, fat content, fiber content, protein content, and NFE varied from 6.27% to 5.01%, 2.37 to 1.25%, 23.19 to 19.74%, 7.4 to 4.39%, 30.09 to 20.74%, and 45.42 to 34.13%, respectively. Furthermore, silymarin content quantified though HPLC ranged from 1669.5 mg/g to 1607.6 mg/g for soxhlet extract whereas, 1,840.6 mg/g to 1765.9 mg/g for microwave-assisted extraction extract. Conclusively, it was depicted from the results that in case of variety, Blue was the best than White whereas, Islamabad was best in case of location

    Ultrasound‐assisted extraction of guava and papaya leaves for the development of functional shrimp patties

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    Abstract The current study was aimed to evaluate the effects of guava and papaya leaves extract on the antioxidant profile and their outcomes in the storage stability of shrimp patties. Total of seven treatments were prepared by employing guava leaf extract (GLE) and papaya leaf extract (PLE) including control. Both the extracts were employed in the concentration of 1% and 2% each and in combination as 1:1% and 2:2%, respectively. The shrimp patties were kept in ziplock bags at refrigeration temperature, and further analysis was done after 21 days of storage period with intermittent evaluation interval of 7 days. The antioxidant capability of functional shrimp patties was determined by total phenolic content (TPC), 2,2‐diphenyl‐1‐picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP). Higher significant values of TPC, DPPH, and FRAP were observed in the functional shrimp patties enriched with GLE2%:PLE2% at start of the experiment. The physicochemical parameters were observed by hunter color, TVBN, TBARS, and peroxide value (POV). Higher significant values of TVBN, TBARS, and peroxide were observed in the control samples as compared to treatment group GLE2%:PLE2%. The bacterial counts were also higher in control samples as compared to the treatment group GLE2%:PLE2%. The sensorial attributes were observed regarding appearance, taste, texture, odor, and overall acceptability. The maximum scores related all parameters were gathered by control group but significantly lower scores were for the group GLE2%:PLE2%. In conclusion, functional shrimp patties enriched with GLE2%:PLE2% showed better antioxidant capacity, stability, and sensory characteristics during storage

    Fisetin: An anticancer perspective

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    Despite the provision of safe and cost-effective chemopreventive cancer approaches, still there are requirements to enhance their efficiency. The use of dietary agents as phytochemicals plays an imperative role against different human cancer cell lines. Among these novel dietary agents, fisetin (3,3â€Č,4â€Č,7-tetrahydroxyflavone) is present in different fruits and vegetables such as apple, persimmon, grape, strawberry, cucumber, and onion. Being a potent anticancer agent, fisetin has been used to inhibit stages in the cancer cells (proliferation, invasion), prevent cell cycle progression, inhibit cell growth, induce apoptosis, cause polymerase (PARP) cleavage, and modulate the expressions of Bcl-2 family proteins in different cancer cell lines (HT-29, U266, MDA-MB-231, BT549, and PC-3M-luc-6), respectively. Further, fisetin also suppresses the activation of the PKCα/ROS/ERK1/2 and p38 MAPK signaling pathways, reduces the NF-ÎșB activation, and down-regulates the level of the oncoprotein securin. Fisetin also inhibited cell division and proliferation and invasion as well as lowered the TET1 expression levels. The current review article highlights and discusses the anticancer role of fisetin in cell cultures and animal and human studies. Conclusively, fisetin as a polyphenol with pleiotropic pharmacological properties showed promising anticancer activity in a wide range of cancers. Fisetin suppresses the cancer cell stages, prevents progression in cell cycle and cell growth, and induces apoptosis

    Encapsulation of Bifidobacterium bifidum by internal gelation method to access the viability in cheddar cheese and under simulated gastrointestinal conditions

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    The current study was conducted to elucidate the impact of encapsulation on the stability and viability of probiotic bacteria (Bifidobacterium bifidum) in cheddar cheese and in vitro gastrointestinal conditions. Purposely, probiotics were encapsulated in two hydrogel materials (kepa carrageenan and sodium alginate) by using an internal gelation method. Cheddar cheese was supplemented with unencapsulated/free and encapsulated probiotics. The product was subjected to physicochemical (pH, titrable acidity, moisture, and protein) and microbiological analysis for a period of 35 days of storage. Furthermore, the probiotics (free and encapsulated) were subjected to simulated gastrointestinal conditions. The initial probiotic count in cheese containing encapsulated probiotic was 9.13 log CFU/g and 9.15 log CFU/g which decreased to 8.10 log CFU/g and 7.67 log CFU/g while cheese containing unencapsulated probiotic initially 9.18 log CFU/g decreased to 6.58 log CFU/g over a period of 35 days of storage. The incorporation of unencapsulated and encapsulated probiotic affected the physicochemical, microbiological, and sensory attributes of the cheese. The encapsulated probiotic bacteria exhibited better survival as compared to unencapsulated probiotic. A 2.60 CFU/g log reduction in unencapsulated cells while just 1.03 CFU/g and 1.48 CFU/g log reduction in case of sodium alginate and K-carrageenan, respectively, was recorded. In short, encapsulation showed protection and stability to probiotic in hostile conditions

    Formulation and biochemical evaluation of designer diet enriched with botanicals for bone health

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    The study designed to evaluate the role of sesame, fenugreek flax, and nuts seeds as best alternatives for therapeutic agents to improve bone mineral status. Effect of these plant seeds on proximate composition, antioxidant potential, mineral, fatty acid, and amino acid profile of supplements was studied. The sesame, fenugreek, and flaxseeds were incorporated with nuts at level of 35% to develop supplement. Improved contents of protein, fat, and NFE were recorded in range of 25.72–32.23, 18.92–23.15, and 34.25%–39.59%, correspondingly. The antioxidant potential of supplements is high (450.56 mg GAE/ 100g) prepared with fenugreek followed by flaxseeds and sesame seeds. Calcium as fundamental bone mineral found greater (525.15%–790.21%) in seed-based supplement. Enhanced contents of Oleic, linoleic, and linolenic acids ranged 17.32–41.78, 21.72–44.23, and 1.00%–47.12%, respectively. Nutritional enriched supplements may be best alternatives for improving bone health by lowering osteoclast and increasing osteoblast mechanism in bone development

    Comparative study of innovative blends prepared by fortification of date powder to alleviate child malnutrition

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    Child malnutrition is one of the biggest problems in developing countries with higher level of food insecurity. Pakistan is 5th largest producer of date fruit; therefore, its processing and products should be explored in various dimensions. Being rich source of minerals and sugars, it can contribute in weaning foods in a good manner. In current study, three blends were prepared with specific proportions of spray-dried date powder and rich in specific proportions. They were compared with each other and control (free of date powder). The nutritional profile of the formulations revealed that 100 g of each formulation included all macronutrients in compliance with the requirements of Food and Agriculture Organization for weaning formulations; moreover, they are enriched with minerals due to presence of date powder. The iron contents reached up to 12.74 ± 0.16 mg/100 g. The phosphorus, zinc, and potassium contents also increased with the increase in date powder subsequently. Physicochemical properties exhibited in compliance with the requirement of the weaning foods. The protein quality was assessed both in vivo and in vitro. Amino acid profiling indicated that the limiting amino acid in F1 and control were lysine but in F2 and F3 were threonine. This is suggested that date powder might contain good quality protein that was further explained in biological studies, the formulations that contained higher amount of date powder reveled better PDCAAS score 86.76 ± 4.5, true digestibility 84 ± 4.36, biological value 69.45 ± 0.69, net protein utilization 73.82 ± 1.46, and protein efficiency score 1.18 ± 0.07. The sensory evaluation revealed that F2 showed better result in overall acceptability. Thus, date powder is suggested to be used as good constituent that can fortify mineral contents and sugar contents of the weaning foods