7,910 research outputs found

    Definition phase effort of the Spacelab-2 Infrared Telescope Experiment (IRT)

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    Activities associated with a proposal for the reflight of the small helium cooled infrared telescope scheduled to make its maiden voyage on Spacelab-2 are reported. The experiments requirements document was revised and updated and an investigation development plan was prepared for the refurbishment and reflight of the telescope. The summary of a briefing held to discuss Spacelab interfaces for the proposal is included

    Balloon-borne three-meter telescope for far-infrared and submillimeter astronomy

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    This is the second Semiannual Report submitted under Grant NAGW-509 for the development of a Balloon-Borne Three-Meter Telescope for Far-Infrared and Submillimeter Astronomy. It covers the period 1 March 1984 through 31 August 1984. This grant covers work at the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (SAO), University of Arizona (UA) and the University of Chicago (UC). SAO is responsible for program management, the gondola structure including the attitude control and aspect systems, mechanical systems, and telemetry and command systems; the UA is responsible for optics design and fabrication; the UC is responsible for determining provisions for focal-plane instrumentation. SAO and the UA share responsibility for the ground support data and control computer

    Institutional environment, innovative entrepreneurial entry and venture capital financing

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    We analyse the determinants of high growth expectations entrepreneurial entry (HGE) using individual data drawn on working age population, based on the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) surveys for the 1998-2004 period. Individual level explanatory variables are combined with country-level factors. Our results suggest that availability of venture capital and intellectual proper rights protection are strong predictors of HGE. In addition, we also find that innovative start-ups are associated with highest growth expectations in countries with extensive supply of venture capital and strongest intellectual property rights. Once we introduce venture capital, we detect no significant effects of other elements of financial systems on high-powered entry

    Balloon-borne three-meter telescope for far-infrared and submillimeter astronomy

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    The study and revision of the gimbal design of the Three-Meter Balloon Borne Telescope (TMBBT) is discussed. Efforts were made to eliminate the alignment and limited rotation problems inherent in the flex-pivot design. A new design using ball bearings to replace the flex-pivots was designed and its performance analyzed. An error analysis for the entire gondola pointing system was also prepared

    Infrared measurements of spacecraft glow planned for Spacelab 2

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    A liquid helium cooled infrared telescope (IRT) was to be flown in July 1985 on Spacelab 2. The instrument is designed to measure both diffuse and discrete infrared astronomical sources, including the zodiacal light, galactic, and extragalactic components, as well as to evaluate the induced Orbiter environment. The focal plane contains ten photoconductive detectors covering six broad bands from 2 to 120 microns. Each detector has a 0.5 by 1.0 deg field of view optimized for detection of extended sources of IR radiation. Except for the 2 micron detector, the system noise is limited by the sky background noise. The measurements planned for the IRT use the 1 meter base of the Plasma Diagnostic Package (PDP), an already existing SL 2 experiment, as the glow generating surface. The measurements are repeated changing the position of the PDP, the attitude of the Orbiter, and the ram direction in an effort to remove both the thermal component of the PDP emission and the cosmic background radiation

    Time Evolution and the Nature of the Near-Infrared Jets in GRS1915+105

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    We observed the galactic microquasar GRS1915+105 in the K (2.2ÎŒ2.2 \mum) band on October 16 and 17, 1995 UTC using the COB infrared (IR) imager on the Kitt Peak National Observatory 2.1-m telescope with a 0.2-arcsec/pixel plate scale and under good (∌0.7\sim 0.7-arcsec) seeing conditions. Using a neighboring star in the image frames to determine the point spread function (PSF), we PSF-subtract the images of GRS1915+105. We find no evidence of extended emission such as the apparent near-IR jets seen by Sams et al. (1996) in July, 1995. Simple modelling of the star + jet structure allows us to place an upper limit on any similar emission at that position of K>16.4K>16.4 at the 95% confidence level, as compared to K=13.9K=13.9 as seen by Sams et al. (1996). This lack of extended IR flux during continued hard X-ray flaring activity confirms the hypothesis that the extended IR emission arises from the superluminal radio-emitting jets rather than reprocessing of the X-ray emission on other structures around the compact central object. Given the large apparent velocity of the radio-emitting jets, by the time of our observations the Sams et al. feature would have moved >1>1 arcsec from GRS1915+105, and we can place a limit of K>17.7K>17.7 (95% confidence level) on any infrared emission in this region. We can thus place an upper limit on the radiative timescale of the feature of τ<25\tau < 25 days, which is consistent with synchrotron jet emission.Comment: 10 pages, 3 figures; submitted to ApJ Letter

    Prediction of the diffuse far infrared flux from the galactic plane

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    A basic model and simple numerical relations useful for future far infrared studies of the galaxy are presented. Making use of recent CO and other galactic surveys, the diffuse far infrared flux distribution from the galactic plane as a function of galactic longitude alternate theta for 4 deg or = alternate theta or = 90 and the far infrared emissivity as a function of galactocentric distance is predicted. Future measurements of the galactic far infrared flux would yield valuable information on the physical properties and distribution of dust and molecular clouds in the galaxy, particularly the inner region

    Predicted high energy break in the isotropic gamma ray spectrum - A test of cosmological origin

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    Critical test of cosmological pion decay hypothesis for origin of isotropic gamma radiation above 1 Me

    Andreev tunneling into a one-dimensional Josephson junction array

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    In this letter we consider Andreev tunneling between a normal metal and a one dimensional Josephson junction array with finite-range Coulomb energy. The I−VI-V characteristics strongly deviate from the classical linear Andreev current. We show that the non linear conductance possesses interesting scaling behavior when the chain undergoes a T=0 superconductor-insulator transition of Kosterlitz-Thouless-Berezinskii type. When the chain has quasi-long range order, the low lying excitation are gapless and the I−VI-V curves are power-law (the linear relation is recovered when charging energy can be disregarded). When the chain is in the insulating phase the Andreev current is blocked at a threshold which is proportional to the inverse correlation length in the chain (much lower than the Coulomb gap) and which vanishes at the transition point.Comment: 8 pages LATEX, 3 figures available upon reques
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