227 research outputs found

### U(N|M) quantum mechanics on Kaehler manifolds

We study the extended supersymmetric quantum mechanics, with supercharges
transforming in the fundamental representation of U(N|M), as realized in
certain one-dimensional nonlinear sigma models with Kaehler manifolds as target
space. We discuss the symmetry algebra characterizing these models and, using
operatorial methods, compute the heat kernel in the limit of short propagation
time. These models are relevant for studying the quantum properties of a
certain class of higher spin field equations in first quantization.Comment: 21 pages, a reference adde

### Worldline approach to vector and antisymmetric tensor fields

The N=2 spinning particle action describes the propagation of antisymmetric
tensor fields, including vector fields as a special case. In this paper we
study the path integral quantization on a one-dimensional torus of the N=2
spinning particle coupled to spacetime gravity. The action has a local N=2
worldline supersymmetry with a gauged U(1) symmetry that includes a
Chern-Simons coupling. Its quantization on the torus produces the one-loop
effective action for a single antisymmetric tensor. We use this worldline
representation to calculate the first few Seeley-DeWitt coefficients for
antisymmetric tensor fields of arbitrary rank in arbitrary dimensions. As side
results we obtain the correct trace anomaly of a spin 1 particle in four
dimensions as well as exact duality relations between differential form gauge
fields. This approach yields a drastic simplification over standard heat-kernel
methods. It contains on top of the usual proper time a new modular parameter
implementing the reduction to a single tensor field. Worldline methods are
generically simpler and more efficient in perturbative computations then
standard QFT Feynman rules. This is particularly evident when the coupling to
gravity is considered.Comment: 30 pages, 5 figures, references adde

### Dimensional regularization of nonlinear sigma models on a finite time interval

We extend dimensional regularization to the case of compact spaces. Contrary
to previous regularization schemes employed for nonlinear sigma models on a
finite time interval (``quantum mechanical path integrals in curved space'')
dimensional regularization requires only a covariant finite two-loop
counterterm. This counterterm is nonvanishing and given by R/8.Comment: 9 pages, 7 figures, LaTeX, minor changes in text and reference

### Detours and Paths: BRST Complexes and Worldline Formalism

We construct detour complexes from the BRST quantization of worldline
diffeomorphism invariant systems. This yields a method to efficiently extract
physical quantum field theories from particle models with first class
constraint algebras. As an example, we show how to obtain the Maxwell detour
complex by gauging N=2 supersymmetric quantum mechanics in curved space. Then
we concentrate on first class algebras belonging to a class of recently
introduced orthosymplectic quantum mechanical models and give generating
functions for detour complexes describing higher spins of arbitrary symmetry
types. The first quantized approach facilitates quantum calculations and we
employ it to compute the number of physical degrees of freedom associated to
the second quantized, field theoretical actions.Comment: 1+35 pages, 1 figure; typos corrected and references added, published
versio

### Higher spin fields from a worldline perspective

Higher spin fields in four dimensions, and more generally conformal fields in
arbitrary dimensions, can be described by spinning particle models with a
gauged SO(N) extended supergravity on the worldline. We consider here the
one-loop quantization of these models by studying the corresponding partition
function on the one-dimensional torus. After gauge fixing the supergravity
multiplet, the partition function reduces to an integral over the corresponding
moduli space which is computed using orthogonal polynomial techniques. We
obtain a compact formula which gives the number of physical degrees of freedom
for all N in all dimensions. As an aside we compute the physical degrees of
freedom of the SO(4) = SU(2)xSU(2) model with only a SU(2) factor gauged, which
has attracted some interest in the literature.Comment: 21 page

### Consistency conditions and trace anomalies in six dimensions

Conformally invariant quantum field theories develop trace anomalies when
defined on curved backgrounds. We study again the problem of identifying all
possible trace anomalies in d=6 by studying the consistency conditions to
derive their 10 independent solutions. It is known that only 4 of these
solutions represent true anomalies, classified as one type A anomaly, given by
the topological Euler density, and three type B anomalies, made up by three
independent Weyl invariants. However, we also present the explicit expressions
of the remaining 6 trivial anomalies, namely those that can be obtained by the
Weyl variation of local functionals. The knowledge of the latter is in general
necessary to disentangle the universal coefficients of the type A and B
anomalies from calculations performed on concrete models.Comment: 16 pages, LaTe

### Worldline approach to quantum field theories on flat manifolds with boundaries

We study a worldline approach to quantum field theories on flat manifolds
with boundaries. We consider the concrete case of a scalar field propagating on
R_+ x R^{D-1} which leads us to study the associated heat kernel through a one
dimensional (worldline) path integral. To calculate the latter we map it onto
an auxiliary path integral on the full R^D using an image charge. The main
technical difficulty lies in the fact that a smooth potential on R_+ x R^{D-1}
extends to a potential which generically fails to be smooth on R^D. This
implies that standard perturbative methods fail and must be improved. We
propose a method to deal with this situation. As a result we recover the known
heat kernel coefficients on a flat manifold with geodesic boundary, and compute
two additional ones, A_3 and A_{7/2}. The calculation becomes sensibly harder
as the perturbative order increases, and we are able to identify the complete
A_{7/2} with the help of a suitable toy model. Our findings show that the
worldline approach is viable on manifolds with boundaries. Certainly, it would
be desirable to improve our method of implementing the worldline approach to
further simplify the perturbative calculations that arise in the presence of
non-smooth potentials.Comment: 19 pages, 6 figures. Minor rephrasing of a few sentences, references
added. Version accepted by JHE

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