25,301 research outputs found

    Linear Form of Canonical Gravity

    Get PDF
    Recent work in the literature has shown that general relativity can be formulated in terms of a jet bundle which, in local coordinates, has five entries: local coordinates on Lorentzian space-time, tetrads, connection one-forms, multivelocities corresponding to the tetrads and multivelocities corresponding to the connection one-forms. The derivatives of the Lagrangian with respect to the latter class of multivelocities give rise to a set of multimomenta which naturally occur in the constraint equations. Interestingly, all the constraint equations of general relativity are linear in terms of this class of multimomenta. This construction has been then extended to complex general relativity, where Lorentzian space-time is replaced by a four-complex-dimensional complex-Riemannian manifold. One then finds a holomorphic theory where the familiar constraint equations are replaced by a set of equations linear in the holomorphic multimomenta, providing such multimomenta vanish on a family of two-complex-dimensional surfaces. In quantum gravity, the problem arises to quantize a real or a holomorphic theory on the extended space where the multimomenta can be defined.Comment: 5 pages, plain-te

    Essential self-adjointness in one-loop quantum cosmology

    Full text link
    The quantization of closed cosmologies makes it necessary to study squared Dirac operators on closed intervals and the corresponding quantum amplitudes. This paper proves self-adjointness of these second-order elliptic operators.Comment: 14 pages, plain Tex. An Erratum has been added to the end, which corrects section

    The genesis of the quantum theory of the chemical bond

    Full text link
    An historical overview is given of the relevant steps that allowed the genesis of the quantum theory of the chemical bond, starting from the appearance of the new quantum mechanics and following later developments till approximately 1931. General ideas and some important details are discussed concerning molecular spectroscopy, as well as quantum computations for simple molecular systems performed within perturbative and variational approaches, for which the Born-Oppenheimer method provided a quantitative theory accounting for rotational, vibrational and electronic states. The novel concepts introduced by the Heitler-London theory, complemented by those underlying the method of the molecular orbitals, are critically analyzed along with some of their relevant applications. Further improvements in the understanding of the nature of the chemical bond are also considered, including the ideas of one-electron and three-electron bonds introduced by Pauling, as well as the generalizations of the Heitler-London theory firstly performed by Majorana, which allowed the presence of ionic structures into homopolar compounds and provided the theoretical proof of the stability of the helium molecular ion. The study of intermolecular interactions, as developed by London, is finally examined.Comment: amsart, 34 pages, 2 figure

    Majorana solution of the Thomas-Fermi equation

    Get PDF
    We report on an original method, due to Majorana, leading to a semi-analytical series solution of the Thomas-Fermi equation, with appropriate boundary conditions, in terms of only one quadrature. We also deduce a general formula for such a solution which avoids numerical integration, but is expressed in terms of the roots of a given polynomial equation.Comment: RevTex, 5 pages, 1 figur

    Following Weyl on Quantum Mechanics: the contribution of Ettore Majorana

    Full text link
    After a quick historical account of the introduction of the group-theoretical description of Quantum Mechanics in terms of symmetries, as proposed by Weyl, we examine some unpublished papers by Ettore Majorana. Remarkable results achieved by him in frontier research topics as well as in physics teaching point out that the Italian physicist can be well considered as a follower of Weyl in his reformulation of Quantum Mechanics.Comment: LaTeX, 15 pages, 1 ps figur

    Ettore Majorana's course on Theoretical Physics: a recent discovery

    Full text link
    We analyze in some detail the course of Theoretical Physics held by Ettore Majorana at the University of Naples in 1938, just before his mysterious disappearance. In particular we present the recently discovered "Moreno Paper", where all the lecture notes are reported. Six of these lectures are not present in the collection of the original manuscripts conserved at the Domus Galilaeana in Pisa, consisting of only ten lectures.Comment: AMS-latex, 16 pages, 2 figure

    PASSATA - Object oriented numerical simulation software for adaptive optics

    Get PDF
    We present the last version of the PyrAmid Simulator Software for Adaptive opTics Arcetri (PASSATA), an IDL and CUDA based object oriented software developed in the Adaptive Optics group of the Arcetri observatory for Monte-Carlo end-to-end adaptive optics simulations. The original aim of this software was to evaluate the performance of a single conjugate adaptive optics system for ground based telescope with a pyramid wavefront sensor. After some years of development, the current version of PASSATA is able to simulate several adaptive optics systems: single conjugate, multi conjugate and ground layer, with Shack Hartmann and Pyramid wavefront sensors. It can simulate from 8m to 40m class telescopes, with diffraction limited and resolved sources at finite or infinite distance from the pupil. The main advantages of this software are the versatility given by the object oriented approach and the speed given by the CUDA implementation of the most computational demanding routines. We describe the software with its last developments and present some examples of application.Comment: 9 pages, 2 figures, 3 tables. SPIE conference Astronomical Telescopes and Instrumentation, 26 June - 01 July 2016, Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdo

    Tightening the uncertainty principle for stochastic currents

    Get PDF
    We connect two recent advances in the stochastic analysis of nonequilibrium systems: the (loose) uncertainty principle for the currents, which states that statistical errors are bounded by thermodynamic dissipation; and the analysis of thermodynamic consistency of the currents in the light of symmetries. Employing the large deviation techniques presented in [Gingrich et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 2016] and [Pietzonka et al., Phys. Rev. E 2016], we provide a short proof of the loose uncertainty principle, and prove a tighter uncertainty relation for a class of thermodynamically consistent currents JJ. Our bound involves a measure of partial entropy production, that we interpret as the least amount of entropy that a system sustaining current JJ can possibly produce, at a given steady state. We provide a complete mathematical discussion of quadratic bounds which allows to determine which are optimal, and finally we argue that the relationship for the Fano factor of the entropy production rate var σ/mean σ≄2\mathrm{var}\, \sigma / \mathrm{mean}\, \sigma \geq 2 is the most significant realization of the loose bound. We base our analysis both on the formalism of diffusions, and of Markov jump processes in the light of Schnakenberg's cycle analysis.Comment: 13 pages, 4 figure