2,129 research outputs found

    The Fate of Intracluster Radio Plasma

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    Radio plasma injected by active radio galaxies into clusters of galaxies quickly becomes invisible due to radiative losses of the relativistic electrons. In this talk, the fate of radio plasma and its role for the galaxy cluster is discussed: buoyancy removes it from the central regions and allows to transfer its energy into the ambient gas. The remaining low energy electron populations are still able to emit a low luminosity glow of observable radiation via synchrotron-self Comptonized emission. Shock waves in the ambient gas can re-ignite the radio emission.Comment: Invited Talk at `Matter and Energy in Clusters of Galaxies', Taipei 2002, 8 pages, 6 figures, uses newpasp.sty (includued


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    Relates strengths and weaknesses of Marketron Retailer System gained through recent in-store experiences.Marketing,

    Reconstruction of signals with unknown spectra in information field theory with parameter uncertainty

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    The optimal reconstruction of cosmic metric perturbations and other signals requires knowledge of their power spectra and other parameters. If these are not known a priori, they have to be measured simultaneously from the same data used for the signal reconstruction. We formulate the general problem of signal inference in the presence of unknown parameters within the framework of information field theory. We develop a generic parameter uncertainty renormalized estimation (PURE) technique and address the problem of reconstructing Gaussian signals with unknown power-spectrum with five different approaches: (i) separate maximum-a-posteriori power spectrum measurement and subsequent reconstruction, (ii) maximum-a-posteriori power reconstruction with marginalized power-spectrum, (iii) maximizing the joint posterior of signal and spectrum, (iv) guessing the spectrum from the variance in the Wiener filter map, and (v) renormalization flow analysis of the field theoretical problem providing the PURE filter. In all cases, the reconstruction can be described or approximated as Wiener filter operations with assumed signal spectra derived from the data according to the same recipe, but with differing coefficients. All of these filters, except the renormalized one, exhibit a perception threshold in case of a Jeffreys prior for the unknown spectrum. Data modes, with variance below this threshold do not affect the signal reconstruction at all. Filter (iv) seems to be similar to the so called Karhune-Loeve and Feldman-Kaiser-Peacock estimators for galaxy power spectra used in cosmology, which therefore should also exhibit a marginal perception threshold if correctly implemented. We present statistical performance tests and show that the PURE filter is superior to the others.Comment: 21 pages, 5 figures, accepted by PR

    On the equipartition of thermal and non-thermal energy in clusters of galaxies

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    Clusters of galaxies are revealing themselves as powerful sources of non thermal radiation in a wide range of wavelengths. In order to account for these multifrequency observations equipartition of cosmic rays (CRs) with the thermal gas in clusters of galaxies is often invoked. This condition might suggest a dynamical role played by cosmic rays in the virialization of these large scale structures and is now testable through gamma ray observations. We show here, in the specific case of the Coma and Virgo clusters, for which upper limits on the gamma ray emission exist, that equipartition implies gamma ray fluxes that are close or even in excess of the EGRET limit, depending on the adopted model of CR injection. We use this bound to limit the validity of the equipartition condition. We also show that, contrary to what claimed in previous calculations, the equipartition assumption implies gamma ray fluxes in the TeV range which can be detectable even by currently operating gamma ray observatories if the injection cosmic ray spectrum is flatter than E2.4E^{-2.4}.Comment: 20 pages + 2 figures. To appear in the Astrophysical Journa