11,800 research outputs found

### Fourier analyses of commensurability oscillations in Fibonacci lateral superlattices

Magnetotransport measurements have been performed on Fibonacci lateral
superlattices (FLSLs) -- two-dimensional electron gases subjected to a weak
potential modulation arranged in the Fibonacci sequence, LSLLSLS..., with
L/S=tau (the golden ratio). Complicated commensurability oscillation (CO) is
observed, which can be accounted for as a superposition of a series of COs each
arising from a sinusoidal modulation representing the characteristic length
scale of one of the self-similar generations in the Fibonacci sequence.
Individual CO components can be separated out from the magnetoresistance trace
by performing a numerical Fourier band-pass filter. From the analysis of the
amplitude of a single-component CO thus extracted, the magnitude of the
corresponding Fourier component in the potential modulation can be evaluated.
By examining all the Fourier contents observed in the magnetoresistance trace,
the profile of the modulated potential seen by the electrons can be
reconstructed with some remaining ambiguity about the interrelation of the
phase between different components.Comment: 11 pages, 10 figures, added references in Introduction, minor
revision

### Heat Kernel for Spin-3/2 Rarita-Schwinger Field in General Covariant Gauge

The heat kernel for the spin-3/2 Rarita-Schwinger gauge field on an arbitrary
Ricci flat space-time ($d>2$) is investigated in a family of covariant gauges
with one gauge parameter $\alpha$. The $\alpha$-dependent term of the kernel is
expressed by the spin-1/2 heat kernel. It is shown that the axial anomaly and
the one-loop divegence of the action are $\alpha$-independent, and that the
conformal anomaly has an $\alpha$-dependent total derivative term in
$d=2m\geq6$ dimensions.Comment: 11 pages, latex, ITP-SB-94-3

### Motion cue effects on human pilot dynamics in manual control

Two experiments were conducted to study the motion cue effects on human pilots during tracking tasks. The moving-base simulator of National Aerospace Laboratory was employed as the motion cue device, and the attitude director indicator or the projected visual field was employed as the visual cue device. The chosen controlled elements were second-order unstable systems. It was confirmed that with the aid of motion cues the pilot workload was lessened and consequently the human controllability limits were enlarged. In order to clarify the mechanism of these effects, the describing functions of the human pilots were identified by making use of the spectral and the time domain analyses. The results of these analyses suggest that the sensory system of the motion cues can yield the differential informations of the signal effectively, which coincides with the existing knowledges in the physiological area

### Electron paramagnetic resonance, optical absorption and Raman spectral studies on a pyrite/chalcopyrite mineral

Pyrite and chalcopyrite mineral samples from Mangampet barite mine, Kadapa, Andhra Pradesh, India are used in the present study. XRD data indicate that the pyrite mineral has a face centered cubic lattice structure with lattice constant 5.4179 Ă…. Also it possesses an average particle size of 91.9 nm. An EPR study on the powdered samples confirms the presence of iron in pyrite and iron and Mn(II) in chalcopyrite. The optical absorption spectrum of chalcopyrite indicates presence of copper which is in a distorted octahedral environment. NIR results confirm the presence of water fundamentals and Raman spectrum reveals the presence of water and sulfate ions

### Thermalisation by a boson bath in a pure state

We consider a quantum system weakly coupled to a large heat bath of harmonic
oscillators. It is well known that such a boson bath initially at thermal
equilibrium thermalises the system. We show that assuming a priori an
equilibrium state is not necessary to obtain the thermalisation of the system.
We determine the complete Schr\"odinger time evolution of the subsystem of
interest for an initial pure product state of the composite system consisting
of the considered system and the bath. We find that the system relaxes into
canonical equilibrium for almost all initial pure bath states of
macroscopically well-defined energy. The temperature of the system asymptotic
thermal state is determined by the energy of the initial bath state as the
corresponding microcanonical temperature. Moreover, the time evolution of the
system is identical to the one obtained assuming that the boson bath is
initially at thermal equilibrium with this temperature. A significant part of
our approach is applicable to other baths and we identify the bath features
which are requisite for the thermalisation studied

### Phase Variation in the Pulse Profile of SMC X-1

We present the results of timing and spectral analysis of X-ray high state
observations of the high-mass X-ray pulsar SMC X-1 with Chandra, XMM-Newton,
and ROSAT, taken between 1991 and 2001. The source has L_X ~ 3-5 x 10^38
ergs/s, and the spectra can be modeled as a power law plus blackbody with kT_BB
\~ 0.18 keV and reprocessed emission radius R_BB ~ 2 x 10^8 cm, assuming a
distance of 60 kpc to the source. Energy-resolved pulse profiles show several
distinct forms, more than half of which include a second pulse in the soft
profile, previously documented only in hard energies. We also detect
significant variation in the phase shift between hard and soft pulses, as has
recently been reported in Her X-1. We suggest an explanation for the observed
characteristics of the soft pulses in terms of precession of the accretion
disk.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figures, accepted for publication in ApJL; v2 minor
corrections, as will appear in ApJ

### Origin of positive magnetoresistance in small-amplitude unidirectional lateral superlattices

We report quantitative analysis of positive magnetoresistance (PMR) for
unidirectional-lateral-superlattice samples with relatively small periods
(a=92-184 nm) and modulation amplitudes (V_0=0.015-0.25 meV). By comparing
observed PMR's with ones calculated using experimentally obtained mobilities,
quantum mobilities, and V_0's, it is shown that contribution from streaming
orbits (SO) accounts for only small fraction of the total PMR. For small V_0,
the limiting magnetic field B_e of SO can be identified as an inflection point
of the magnetoresistance trace. The major part of PMR is ascribed to drift
velocity arising from incompleted cyclotron orbits obstructed by scatterings.Comment: 12 pages, 9 figures, REVTe

- â€¦