159 research outputs found

    Corrigendum: “Measurement of ⁷³Ge(n,Îł) cross sections and implications for stellar nucleosynthesis” [Phys. Lett. B 790 (2019) 458–465]

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    Neutron-induced fission cross sections of Th 232 and U 233 up to 1 GeV using parallel plate avalanche counters at the CERN n_TOF facility

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    The neutron-induced fission cross sections of 232 Th and 233 U were measured relative to 235 U in a wide neutron energy range up to 1 GeV (and from fission threshold in the case of 232 Th , and from 0.7 eV in case of 233 U ), using the white-spectrum neutron source at the CERN Neutron Time-of-Flight (n_TOF) facility. Parallel plate avalanche counters (PPACs) were used, installed at the Experimental Area 1 (EAR1), which is located at 185 m from the neutron spallation target. The anisotropic emission of fission fragments were taken into account in the detection efficiency by using, in the case of 233 U , previous results available in EXFOR, whereas in the case of 232 Th these data were obtained from our measurement, using PPACs and targets tilted 45 ° with respect to the neutron beam direction. Finally, the obtained results are compared with past measurements and major evaluated nuclear data libraries. Calculations using the high-energy reaction models INCL + + and ABLA07 were performed and some of their parameters were modified to reproduce the experimental results. At high energies, where no other neutron data exist, our results are compared with experimental data on proton-induced fission. Moreover, the dependence of the fission cross section at 1 GeV with the fissility parameter of the target nucleus is studied by combining those ( p , f ) data with our ( n , f ) data on 232 Th and 233 U and on other isotopes studied earlier at n_TOF using the same experimental setup.Peer ReviewedArticle escrit per 81 autors/autores: D. TarrĂ­o , L. Tassan-Got, I. Duran, L. S. Leong, C. Paradela, L. Audouin, E. Leal-Cidoncha, C. Le Naour, M. Caamaño, A. Ventura, S. Altstadt, J. Andrzejewski, M. Barbagallo, V. BĂ©cares, F. BecvĂĄ ˇ ˇr,F. Belloni, E. Berthoumieux, J. Billowes, V. Boccone, D. Bosnar, M. Brugger, M. Calviani, F. Calviño, D. Cano-Ott, C. Carrapiço, F. Cerutti, E. Chiaveri,M. Chin, N. Colonna, G. CortĂ©s, M. A. CortĂ©s-Giraldo, M. Diakaki, C. Domingo-Pardo, N. Dzysiuk, C. Eleftheriadis, A. Ferrari, K. Fraval, S. Ganesan, A. R. GarcĂ­a, G. Giubrone, M. B. GĂłmez-Hornillos, I. F. Gonçalves, E. GonzĂĄlez-Romero,E. Griesmayer, C. Guerrero, F. Gunsing, P. Gurusamy, D. G. Jenkins, E. Jericha, Y. Kadi, F. KĂ€ppeler,† D. Karadimos, P. Koehler, M. Kokkoris, M. Krticka, J. Kroll, C. Langer, C. Lederer, H. Leeb, R. Losito, A. Manousos, J. Marganiec, T. MartĂ­nez, C. Massimi, P. F. Mastinu,M. Mastromarco, M. Meaze, E. Mendoza, A. Mengoni, P. M. Milazzo, F. Mingrone, M. Mirea,,† W. Mondalaers, A. Pavlik, J. Perkowski, A. Plompen, J. Praena, J. M. Quesada, T. Rauscher, R. Reifarth, A. Riego, M. S. Robles, F. Roman, C. Rubbia, R. Sarmento, P. Schillebeeckx,S. Schmidt, G. Tagliente, J. L. Tain, A. Tsinganis, S. Valenta, G. Vannini, V. Variale, P. Vaz, R. Versaci, M. J. Vermeulen, V. Vlachoudis, R. Vlastou,A. Wallner, T. Ware, M. Weigand, C. Weiß, T. J. Wright, P. ĆœugecPostprint (published version

    Measurement of the neutron-induced capture-to-fission cross section ratio in <math><mmultiscripts><mi mathvariant="normal">U</mi><mprescripts/><none/><mn>233</mn></mmultiscripts></math> at LANSCE

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    International audienceThe neutron-induced capture-to-fission cross section ratio of U233 has been measured at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center at Los Alamos National Laboratory in the energy range from 0.7 eV to 250 keV. The detector setup combines the Detector for Advanced Neutron Capture Experiments (DANCE) to measure Îł rays generated from both capture and fission reactions, and the neutron detector array at DANCE to measure fission neutrons. This is the first measurement of the capture-to-fission ratio between 2 and 30 keV. The evaluations are in good agreement with the results in the resolved resonance region. In both the unresolved resonance region and the fast neutron region, a lower capture-to-fission ratio is obtained in this work from 10 to 150 keV compared to current evaluations, while good agreement with the experimental data and the evaluations is found above 150 keV. Statistical model calculations were performed to compare with the experimental data. Significantly reduced âŒ©Î“ÎłâŒȘ was required to reproduce the measured data

    The Stellar

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    The slow neutron capture process (s-process) is responsible for producing about half of the elemental abundances heavier than iron in the universe. Neutron capture cross sections on stable isotopes are a key nuclear physics input for s-process studies. The 72Ge(n, Îł) Maxwellian-Averaged Cross Section (MACS) has an important influence on the production of isotopes between Ge and Zr in the weak s-process in massive stars and so far only theoretical estimations are available. An experiment was carried out at the neutron time-of-flight facility n_TOF at CERN to measure the 72Ge(n, Îł) reaction for the first time at stellar neutron energies. The capture measurement was performed using an enriched 72GeO2 sample at a flight path length of 184 m, which provided high neutron energy resolution. The prompt gamma rays produced after neutron capture were detected with a set of liquid scintillation detectors (C6D6). The neutron capture yield is derived from the counting spectra taking into account the neutron flux and the gamma-ray detection efficiency using the Pulse Height Weighting Technique. Over 70 new neutron resonances were identified, providing an improved resolved reaction cross section to calculate experimental MACS values for the first time. The experiment, data analysis and the new MACS results will be presented including their impact on stellar nucleosynthesis, which was investigated using the post-processing nucleosynthesis code mppnp for a 25 solar mass model

    Neutron-induced fission cross sections of <math><mmultiscripts><mi>Th</mi><mprescripts/><none/><mn>232</mn></mmultiscripts></math> and <math><mmultiscripts><mi mathvariant="normal">U</mi><mprescripts/><none/><mn>233</mn></mmultiscripts></math> up to 1 GeV using parallel plate avalanche counters at the CERN n_TOF facility

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    International audienceThe neutron-induced fission cross sections of Th232 and U233 were measured relative to U235 in a wide neutron energy range up to 1 GeV (and from fission threshold in the case of Th232, and from 0.7 eV in case of U233), using the white-spectrum neutron source at the CERN Neutron Time-of-Flight (n_TOF) facility. Parallel plate avalanche counters (PPACs) were used, installed at the Experimental Area 1 (EAR1), which is located at 185 m from the neutron spallation target. The anisotropic emission of fission fragments were taken into account in the detection efficiency by using, in the case of U233, previous results available in EXFOR, whereas in the case of Th232 these data were obtained from our measurement, using PPACs and targets tilted 45∘ with respect to the neutron beam direction. Finally, the obtained results are compared with past measurements and major evaluated nuclear data libraries. Calculations using the high-energy reaction models INCL++ and ABLA07 were performed and some of their parameters were modified to reproduce the experimental results. At high energies, where no other neutron data exist, our results are compared with experimental data on proton-induced fission. Moreover, the dependence of the fission cross section at 1 GeV with the fissility parameter of the target nucleus is studied by combining those (p,f) data with our (n,f) data on Th232 and U233 and on other isotopes studied earlier at n_TOF using the same experimental setup

    Neutron-induced fission cross sections of Th 232 and U 233 up to 1 GeV using parallel plate avalanche counters at the CERN n_TOF facility

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    The neutron-induced fission cross sections of 232^{232}Th and 233^{233}U were measured relative to 235^{235}U in a wide neutron energy range up to 1 GeV (and from fission threshold in the case of 232^{232}Th, and from 0.7 eV in case of 233^{233}U), using the white-spectrum neutron source at the CERN Neutron Time-of-Flight (n_TOF) facility. Parallel plate avalanche counters (PPACs) were used, installed at the Experimental Area 1 (EAR1), which is located at 185 m from the neutron spallation target. The anisotropic emission of fission fragments were taken into account in the detection efficiency by using, in the case of 233^{233}U, previous results available in EXFOR, whereas in the case of 232^{232}Th these data were obtained from our measurement, using PPACs and targets tilted 45∘ with respect to the neutron beam direction. Finally, the obtained results are compared with past measurements and major evaluated nuclear data libraries. Calculations using the high-energy reaction models INCL++ and ABLA07 were performed and some of their parameters were modified to reproduce the experimental results. At high energies, where no other neutron data exist, our results are compared with experimental data on proton-induced fission. Moreover, the dependence of the fission cross section at 1 GeV with the fissility parameter of the target nucleus is studied by combining those (p,f) data with our (n,f) data on 232^{232}Th and 233^{233}U and on other isotopes studied earlier at n_TOF using the same experimental setup

    Zr 92 (n,g) and (n,tot) measurements at the GELINA and n_TOF facilities

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    High accuracy, high resolution 235U(n,f) cross section from n_TOF (CERN) from 18 meV to 10 keV

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    The 235^{235}U(n,f) cross section was measured in a wide energy range (18 meV–170 keV) at the n_TOF facility at CERN, relative to 6^{6}Li(n,t) and 10^{10}B(n,α) standard reactions, with high resolution and accuracy, with a setup based on a stack of six samples and six silicon detectors placed in the neutron beam. In this paper we report on the results in the region between 18 meV and 10 keV neutron energy. A resonance analysis has been performed up to 200 eV, with the code SAMMY. The resulting fission kernels are compared with the ones extracted on the basis of the resonance parameters of the most recent major evaluated data libraries. A comparison of the n_TOF data with the evaluated cross sections is also performed from thermal to 10 keV neutron energy for the energy-averaged cross section in energy groups of suitably chosen width. A good agreement, within 0.5%, is found on average between the new results and the latest evaluated data files ENDF/B-VIII.0 and JEFF-3.3, as well as with respect to the broad group average fission cross section established in the framework of the standard working group of IAEA (the so-called reference file). However, some discrepancies, of up to 4%, are still present in some specific energy regions. The new dataset here presented, characterized by a unique combination of high resolution and accuracy, low background and wide energy range, can help to improve the evaluations from the Resolved Resonance Region up to 10 keV, also reducing the uncertainties that affect this region

    74^{74}Ge(n,Îłn,\gamma ) cross section below 70 keV measured at n_TOF CERN

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    Neutron capture reaction cross sections on 74^{74}Ge are of importance to determine 74^{74}Ge production during the astrophysical slow neutron capture process. We present new resonance data on 74^{74}Ge(n,Îłn,\gamma ) reactions below 70 keV neutron energy. We calculate Maxwellian averaged cross sections, combining our data below 70 keV with evaluated cross sections at higher neutron energies. Our stellar cross sections are in agreement with a previous activation measurement performed at Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe by Marganiec et al., once their data has been re-normalised to account for an update in the reference cross section used in that experiment

    74^{74}Ge(n,Îłn,\gamma ) cross section below 70 keV measured at n_TOF CERN

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    International audienceAbstract Neutron capture reaction cross sections on 74^{74} 74 Ge are of importance to determine 74^{74} 74 Ge production during the astrophysical slow neutron capture process. We present new resonance data on 74^{74} 74 Ge( n,γn,\gamma n , γ ) reactions below 70 keV neutron energy. We calculate Maxwellian averaged cross sections, combining our data below 70 keV with evaluated cross sections at higher neutron energies. Our stellar cross sections are in agreement with a previous activation measurement performed at Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe by Marganiec et al., once their data has been re-normalised to account for an update in the reference cross section used in that experiment
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