11,814 research outputs found

    Experimental study of laser detected magnetic resonance based on atomic alignment

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    We present an experimental study of the spectra produced by optical/radio-frequency double resonance in which resonant linearly polarized laser light is used in the optical pumping and detection processes. We show that the experimental spectra obtained for cesium are in excellent agreement with a very general theoretical model developed in our group and we investigate the limitations of this model. Finally, the results are discussed in view of their use in the study of relaxation processes in aligned alkali vapors.Comment: 8 pages, 9 figures. Submitted to Phys. Rev. A. Related to physics/060523

    Spin noise of itinerant fermions

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    We develop a theory of spin noise spectroscopy of itinerant, noninteracting, spin-carrying fermions in different regimes of temperature and disorder. We use kinetic equations for the density matrix in spin variables. We find a general result with a clear physical interpretation, and discuss its dependence on temperature, the size of the system, and applied magnetic field. We consider two classes of experimental probes: 1. electron-spin-resonance (ESR)-type measurements, in which the probe response to a uniform magnetization increases linearly with the volume sampled, and 2. optical Kerr/Faraday rotation-type measurements, in which the probe response to a uniform magnetization increases linearly with the length of the light propagation in the sample, but is independent of the cross section of the light beam. Our theory provides a framework for interpreting recent experiments on atomic gases and conduction electrons in semiconductors and provides a baseline for identifying the effects of interactions on spin noise spectroscopy

    Chasing 'Slow Light'

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    A critical review of experimental studies of the so-called 'slow light' arising due to anomalously high steepness of the refractive index dispersion under conditions of electromagnetically induced transparency or coherent population oscillations is presented. It is shown that a considerable amount of experimental evidence for observation of the 'slow light' is not related to the low group velocity of light and can be easily interpreted in terms of a standard model of interaction of light with a saturable absorber.Comment: 17 pages, 8 figures, to be published in June issue of Phisics: Uspekhi under the title "Notes on Slow Light

    Nonlinear phase shift from photon-photon scattering in vacuum

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    We show that QED nonlinear effects imply a phase correction to the linear evolution of electromagnetic waves in vacuum. We provide explicit solutions of the modified Maxwell's equations for the propagation of a superposition of two plane waves, and calculate analytically and numerically the corresponding phase shift. This provides a new framework for the search of all-optical signatures of photon-photon scattering in vacuum. In particular, we propose an experiment for measuring the phase shift in projected high-power laser facilities.Comment: 4 pages, 1 figure. Some references were added, and the comparison with AC Kerr effect has been improve

    Large spin relaxation rates in trapped submerged-shell atoms

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    Spin relaxation due to atom-atom collisions is measured for magnetically trapped erbium and thulium atoms at a temperature near 500 mK. The rate constants for Er-Er and Tm-Tm collisions are 3.0 times 10^-10 cm^3 s^-1 and 1.1 times 10^-10 cm^3 s^-1, respectively, 2-3 orders of magnitude larger than those observed for highly magnetic S-state atoms. This is strong evidence for an additional, dominant, spin relaxation mechanism, electrostatic anisotropy, in collisions between these "submerged-shell" L > 0 atoms. These large spin relaxation rates imply that evaporative cooling of these atoms in a magnetic trap will be highly inefficient.Comment: 10 pages, 3 figure

    A quantitative study of spin noise spectroscopy in a classical gas of 41^{41}K atoms

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    We present a general derivation of the electron spin noise power spectrum in alkali gases as measured by optical Faraday rotation, which applies to both classical gases at high temperatures as well as ultracold quantum gases. We show that the spin-noise power spectrum is determined by an electron spin-spin correlation function, and we find that measurements of the spin-noise power spectra for a classical gas of 41^{41}K atoms are in good agreement with the predicted values. Experimental and theoretical spin noise spectra are directly and quantitatively compared in both longitudinal and transverse magnetic fields up to the high magnetic field regime (where Zeeman energies exceed the intrinsic hyperfine energy splitting of the 41^{41}K ground state)

    Detecting photon-photon scattering in vacuum at exawatt lasers

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    In a recent paper, we have shown that the QED nonlinear corrections imply a phase correction to the linear evolution of crossing electromagnetic waves in vacuum. Here, we provide a more complete analysis, including a full numerical solution of the QED nonlinear wave equations for short-distance propagation in a symmetric configuration. The excellent agreement of such a solution with the result that we obtain using our perturbatively-motivated Variational Approach is then used to justify an analytical approximation that can be applied in a more general case. This allows us to find the most promising configuration for the search of photon-photon scattering in optics experiments. In particular, we show that our previous requirement of phase coherence between the two crossing beams can be released. We then propose a very simple experiment that can be performed at future exawatt laser facilities, such as ELI, by bombarding a low power laser beam with the exawatt bump.Comment: 8 pages, 6 figure

    Faraday-rotation fluctuation spectroscopy with static and oscillating magnetic fields

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    By Faraday-rotation fluctuation spectroscopy one measures the spin noise via Faraday-induced fluctuations of the polarization plane of a laser transmitting the sample. In the fist part of this paper, we present a theoretical model of recent experiments on alkali gas vapors and semiconductors, done in the presence of a {\em static} magnetic field. In a static field, the spin noise shows a resonance line, revealing the Larmor frequency and the spin coherence time T2T_2 of the electrons. Second, we discuss the possibility to use an {\em oscillating} magnetic field in the Faraday setup. With an oscillating field applied, one can observe multi-photon absorption processes in the spin noise. Furthermore an oscillating field could also help to avoid line broadening due to structural or chemical inhomogeneities in the sample, and thereby increase the precision of the spin-coherence time measurement.Comment: 5 pages, 7 figure

    GHz Spin Noise Spectroscopy in n-Doped Bulk GaAs

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    We advance spin noise spectroscopy to an ultrafast tool to resolve high frequency spin dynamics in semiconductors. The optical non-demolition experiment reveals the genuine origin of the inhomogeneous spin dephasing in n-doped GaAs wafers at densities at the metal-to-insulator transition. The measurements prove in conjunction with depth resolved spin noise measurements that the broadening of the spin dephasing rate does not result from thermal fluctuations or spin-phonon interaction, as previously suggested, but from surface electron depletion
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