1,851 research outputs found

    Casual and close contact data for buildings in South Africa and Zambia

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    The dataset contains data on buildings visited during a 24 hour period by 3211 adults from Zambia and Western Cape South Africa. Data includes basic demographic information, building function, visit duration, and number of adults/youths and children (5-12 years) present. Data were collected using a retrospective interviewer-administered questionnaire

    Skeleton weed : the current situation

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    Skeleton weed is a major threat to western Australia\u27s grain industry. This weed established itself throughout the entire eastern States wheatbelt in just over 50 years and is now found from south-east Queensland to South Australia. It was first founs in Western Australia at Ballidu in 1963, and since that time has been the subject of an ongoing and intensive eradication campaign. Peter Scott and Jon Dodd report on the present status of skeleton weed in Western Australia and outline the progress to date and future directions of the eradication campaign

    Effects of sifferent levels of preharvest shading on the storage quality of strawberry (Fragariax ananassa Duchesne) cv. Ostara I. physical characteristics

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    The effects of shading developing fruits up to harvest on strawberry (Fragaria X ananassa Duchesne) cv. 'Ostara ' fruit quality were studied. Plants were shaded with netting of different levels of light penetration (74,58, 48,38 and 5% which are denoted by S(J SJ' S2' S3 and S4 respectively). Results showed that effects could only be detected when plants were subjected to a very low level of light intensity, S4 . Location of fruits on the plant affected the fresh fruit weight, surface glossiness and fruit firmness significantly. Fruits shaded by leaves were heavier and able to retain surface glossiness longer than exposed fruits

    The aid effectiveness agenda: Bringing discipline to diversity in global health?

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    Health aid is increasingly characterised by diversity, complexity and innovation - new institutions, new ways of raising money and new approaches to delivering assistance. Although bringing "order" to this "chaos" has been a recurrent theme in international health, expectations are often unrealistic. This article charts the practical and conceptual evolution of approaches to aid effectiveness in the health sector, from their intra-sectoral origins to current efforts which seek to bridge global and country policy agendas and engage new actors. While these efforts represent an important step forward, the paper concludes that in the new globalized environment, accountability cannot be located in a single institution or mechanism. Global health will need to learn to accommodate less definitive, less linear and more diverse forms of governance

    Effects of different levels of preharvest shading on the storage quality of strawberry (Fragariax ananassaDuchesne) cv. Ostara II. chemical characteristics

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    To study the effects of different levels of preharvest shading (74, 58, 48, 38 and 5% of light penetration which were denoted by So' SI' S2' 53 and S4 respectively) on developing strawberry (Fragaria X ananassa Duchesne) cv. Ostara fruits, some chemical tests (pH, total soluble solids and titratable acidity) associated with fruit quality were carried out. Results showed that although the different levels of preharvest shading were found to demonstrate a significant effect on the chemical parameters studied, this could only be detected in fruits shaded by S4 and S3. However, for total soluble solids, significant interactions were observed between location of fruit and fruit type and also between storage day and fruit type

    Training political reporters during a federal election: The UniPollWatch student journalism project

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    UniPollWatch was the largest student journalism project ever undertaken in Australia. Approximately 1000 students from 28 universities worked to cover the 2016 federal election. The project aimed to provide effective training on political reporting in a work-integrated learning environment. Utilising a combination of analysis and descriptions of the project and a survey research methodology, the results of this project suggest that by placing student reporters in the midst of a fluid and highly contested election environment they learn by observing and doing. The project demonstrated that students’ attitudes to, and aptitude for, covering politics varied greatly, but that the skills needed for political reporting can be improved through projects such as UniPollWatch

    Development cooperation for health: reviewing a dynamic concept in a complex global aid environment

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    The 4th High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness, held in Busan, South Korea in November 2011 again promised an opportunity for a "new consensus on development cooperation" to emerge. This paper reviews the recent evolution of the concept of coordination for development assistance in health as the basis from which to understand current discourses. The paper reviews peer-reviewed scientific literature and relevant 'grey' literature, revisiting landmark publications and influential authors, examining the transitions in the conceptualisation of coordination, and the related changes in development assistance. Four distinct transitions in the understanding, orientation and application of coordination have been identified: coordination within the sector, involving geographical zoning, sub-sector specialisation, donor consortia, project co-financing, sector aid, harmonisation of procedures, ear-marked budgetary support, donor agency reform and inter-agency intelligence gathering; sector-wide coordination, expressed particularly through the Sector-Wide Approach; coordination across sectors at national level, expressed in the evolution of Poverty Strategy Reduction Papers and the national monitoring of the Millennium Development Goals; and, most recently, global-level coordination, embodied in the Paris Principles, and the emergence of agencies such as the International Health Partnerships Plus. The transitions are largely but not strictly chronological, and each draws on earlier elements, in ways that are redefined in the new context. With the increasing complexity of both the territory of global health and its governance, and increasing stakeholders and networks, current imaginings of coordination are again being challenged. The High Level Forum in Busan may have been successful in recognising a much more complex landscape for development than previously conceived, but the challenges to coordination remain

    An ultrasonic study of refractory hard ceramics

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    A1_6 Do you want to hang out?

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    This paper addresses the simple question: how much time will it take for wet clothes to dry, if they are hung up on a washing line, based on the current weather conditions? The metric form of the Penman equation is used to calculate the evaporation rate of water from a plane surface, which is dependent on the meteorological conditions of ambient temperature, wind speed, relative humidity, and the various properties of air and water at said ambient temperature. Empirically measuring the surface area of, and the mass of water contained in, a wet piece of clothing enables the time taken t for total evaporation to be determined. This paper concludes with an equation for t, provided the above factors are known, and gives example results for different items of clothing

    A1_7 The Neutrino Problem

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    This report examines the premise from the movie "2012" (2009) that solar neutrinos start interacting with the core of the Earth, causing it to melt. A lower energy limit required for this interaction is found to be 9.55*10^4 GeV  and it is shown that the source of such energetic neutrinos is unlikely to be from within the solar system
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