1,239 research outputs found

    Evaluasi Energi Metabolis, Kecernaan Protein, Zat Tepung, dan Sepuluh Bijian Legum pada Ayam Pedaging

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    Inhibition of Tendon Cell Proliferation and Matrix Glycosaminoglycan Synthesis by Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs in vitro

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    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of some commonly used non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) on human tendon. Explants of human digital flexor and patella tendons were cultured in medium containing pharmacological concentrations of NSAIDs. Cell proliferation was measured by incorporation of 3H-thymidine and glycosaminoglycan synthesis was measured by incorporation of 35S-Sulphate. Diclofenac and aceclofenac had no significant effect either on tendon cell proliferation or glycosaminoglycan synthesis. Indomethacin and naproxen inhibited cell proliferation in patella tendons and inhibited glycosaminoglycan synthesis in both digital flexor and patella tendons. If applicable to the in vivo situation, these NSAIDs should be used with caution in the treatment of pain after tendon injury and surgery

    Substantial energy input to the mesopelagic ecosystem from the seasonal mixed-layer pump

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    This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from Nature Research via the DOI in this record.The ocean region known as the mesopelagic zone, which is at depths of about 100-1,000 m, harbours one of the largest ecosystems and fish stocks on the planet. Life in this region is believed to rely on particulate organic carbon supplied by the biological carbon pump. Yet this supply appears insufficient to meet mesopelagic metabolic demands. An additional organic carbon source to the mesopelagic zone could be provided by the seasonal entrainment of surface waters in deeper layers, a process known as the mixed-layer pump. Little is known about the magnitude and spatial distribution of this process globally or its potential to transport carbon to the mesopelagic zone. Here we combine mixed-layer depth data from Argo floats with satellite estimates of particulate organic carbon concentrations to show that the mixed-layer pump supplies an important seasonal flux of organic carbon to the mesopelagic zone. We estimate that this process is responsible for a global flux of 0.1-0.5 Pg C yr-1. In high-latitude regions where the mixed layer is usually deep, this flux amounts on average to 23% of the carbon supplied by fast sinking particles, but it can be greater than 100%. We conclude that the seasonal mixed-layer pump is an important source of organic carbon for the mesopelagic zone.UK National Centre for Earth Observation, UK NERCMarie Curie(UK) NERC National Capability in Sustained Observations and Marine ModellingEuropean Research CouncilH2020 ATLANTOS EU projec

    Remarks on the method of comparison equations (generalized WKB method) and the generalized Ermakov-Pinney equation

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    The connection between the method of comparison equations (generalized WKB method) and the Ermakov-Pinney equation is established. A perturbative scheme of solution of the generalized Ermakov-Pinney equation is developed and is applied to the construction of perturbative series for second-order differential equations with and without turning points.Comment: The collective of the authors is enlarged and the calculations in Sec. 3 are correcte

    Classical and Quantum Chaos in a quantum dot in time-periodic magnetic fields

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    We investigate the classical and quantum dynamics of an electron confined to a circular quantum dot in the presence of homogeneous Bdc+BacB_{dc}+B_{ac} magnetic fields. The classical motion shows a transition to chaotic behavior depending on the ratio ϵ=Bac/Bdc\epsilon=B_{ac}/B_{dc} of field magnitudes and the cyclotron frequency ω~c{\tilde\omega_c} in units of the drive frequency. We determine a phase boundary between regular and chaotic classical behavior in the ϵ\epsilon vs ω~c{\tilde\omega_c} plane. In the quantum regime we evaluate the quasi-energy spectrum of the time-evolution operator. We show that the nearest neighbor quasi-energy eigenvalues show a transition from level clustering to level repulsion as one moves from the regular to chaotic regime in the (ϵ,ω~c)(\epsilon,{\tilde\omega_c}) plane. The Δ3\Delta_3 statistic confirms this transition. In the chaotic regime, the eigenfunction statistics coincides with the Porter-Thomas prediction. Finally, we explicitly establish the phase space correspondence between the classical and quantum solutions via the Husimi phase space distributions of the model. Possible experimentally feasible conditions to see these effects are discussed.Comment: 26 pages and 17 PstScript figures, two large ones can be obtained from the Author

    Surface effects on nanowire transport: numerical investigation using the Boltzmann equation

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    A direct numerical solution of the steady-state Boltzmann equation in a cylindrical geometry is reported. Finite-size effects are investigated in large semiconducting nanowires using the relaxation-time approximation. A nanowire is modelled as a combination of an interior with local transport parameters identical to those in the bulk, and a finite surface region across whose width the carrier density decays radially to zero. The roughness of the surface is incorporated by using lower relaxation-times there than in the interior. An argument supported by our numerical results challenges a commonly used zero-width parametrization of the surface layer. In the non-degenerate limit, appropriate for moderately doped semiconductors, a finite surface width model does produce a positive longitudinal magneto-conductance, in agreement with existing theory. However, the effect is seen to be quite small (a few per cent) for realistic values of the wire parameters even at the highest practical magnetic fields. Physical insights emerging from the results are discussed.Comment: 15 pages, 7 figure

    The discretised harmonic oscillator: Mathieu functions and a new class of generalised Hermite polynomials

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    We present a general, asymptotical solution for the discretised harmonic oscillator. The corresponding Schr\"odinger equation is canonically conjugate to the Mathieu differential equation, the Schr\"odinger equation of the quantum pendulum. Thus, in addition to giving an explicit solution for the Hamiltonian of an isolated Josephon junction or a superconducting single-electron transistor (SSET), we obtain an asymptotical representation of Mathieu functions. We solve the discretised harmonic oscillator by transforming the infinite-dimensional matrix-eigenvalue problem into an infinite set of algebraic equations which are later shown to be satisfied by the obtained solution. The proposed ansatz defines a new class of generalised Hermite polynomials which are explicit functions of the coupling parameter and tend to ordinary Hermite polynomials in the limit of vanishing coupling constant. The polynomials become orthogonal as parts of the eigenvectors of a Hermitian matrix and, consequently, the exponential part of the solution can not be excluded. We have conjectured the general structure of the solution, both with respect to the quantum number and the order of the expansion. An explicit proof is given for the three leading orders of the asymptotical solution and we sketch a proof for the asymptotical convergence of eigenvectors with respect to norm. From a more practical point of view, we can estimate the required effort for improving the known solution and the accuracy of the eigenvectors. The applied method can be generalised in order to accommodate several variables.Comment: 18 pages, ReVTeX, the final version with rather general expression

    Quenched Spin Tunneling and Diabolical Points in Magnetic Molecules: II. Asymmetric Configurations

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    The perfect quenching of spin tunneling first predicted for a model with biaxial symmetry, and recently observed in the magnetic molecule Fe_8, is further studied using the discrete phase integral (or Wentzel-Kramers-Brillouin) method. The analysis of the previous paper is extended to the case where the magnetic field has both hard and easy components, so that the Hamiltonian has no obvious symmetry. Herring's formula is now inapplicable, so the problem is solved by finding the wavefunction and using connection formulas at every turning point. A general formula for the energy surface in the vicinity of the diabolo is obtained in this way. This formula gives the tunneling apmplitude between two wells unrelated by symmetry in terms of a small number of action integrals, and appears to be generally valid, even for problems where the recursion contains more than five terms. Explicit results are obtained for the diabolical points in the model for Fe_8. These results exactly parallel the experimental observations. It is found that the leading semiclassical results for the diabolical points appear to be exact, and the points themselves lie on a perfect centered rectangular lattice in the magnetic field space. A variety of evidence in favor of this perfect lattice hypothesis is presented.Comment: Revtex; 4 ps figures; follow up to cond-mat/000311

    On the Aggregation of Inertial Particles in Random Flows

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    We describe a criterion for particles suspended in a randomly moving fluid to aggregate. Aggregation occurs when the expectation value of a random variable is negative. This random variable evolves under a stochastic differential equation. We analyse this equation in detail in the limit where the correlation time of the velocity field of the fluid is very short, such that the stochastic differential equation is a Langevin equation.Comment: 16 pages, 2 figure

    Unmixing in Random Flows

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    We consider particles suspended in a randomly stirred or turbulent fluid. When effects of the inertia of the particles are significant, an initially uniform scatter of particles can cluster together. We analyse this 'unmixing' effect by calculating the Lyapunov exponents for dense particles suspended in such a random three-dimensional flow, concentrating on the limit where the viscous damping rate is small compared to the inverse correlation time of the random flow (that is, the regime of large Stokes number). In this limit Lyapunov exponents are obtained as a power series in a parameter which is a dimensionless measure of the inertia. We report results for the first seven orders. The perturbation series is divergent, but we obtain accurate results from a Pade-Borel summation. We deduce that particles can cluster onto a fractal set and show that its dimension is in satisfactory agreement with previously reported in simulations of turbulent Navier-Stokes flows. We also investigate the rate of formation of caustics in the particle flow.Comment: 39 pages, 8 figure
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