3,338 research outputs found

    Sociokulturni ─Źinitelji rodne ravnopravnosti u hrvatskim obiteljima

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    U radu se prezentiraju rezultati istra┼żivanja provedenog u sklopu znanstvenog projekta Mladi i europski integracijski procesi Instituta za dru┼ítvena istra┼żivanja u Zagrebu (voditeljica: dr.sc. Vlasta Ili┼íin). Istra┼żivanje je usmjereno utvr─Ĺivanju sociokulturnih ─Źinitelja rodne ravnopravnosti u hrvatskim obiteljima, radi spoznavanja sociokulturnih okolnosti koje mogu pridonijeti postizanju vi┼íe razine rodne ravnopravnosti u hrvatskom dru┼ítvu. Uzorak istra┼żivanja se sastoji od 3000 reprezentativno izabranih hrvatskih gra─Ĺanki i gra─Ĺana u dobi od 15 i vi┼íe godina. Podaci su prikupljeni po─Źetkom 2004. godine. Rezultati ukazuju da ve─çina ispitanika izra┼żava stavove kojima podr┼żavaju tradicionalnu ulogu ┼żene. Ti stavovi statisti─Źki zna─Źajno ovise o sociokulturnim obilje┼żjima ispitanika. Rodnu ravnopravnost izrazitije zastupaju djevojke/┼żene mla─Ĺe dobi, vi┼íeg stupnja obrazovanja, zaposlene osobe urbanog rezidencijalnog statusa i manje religiozni ispitanici koji ne ┼żive u bra─Źnoj zajednici. Autorica rezultate ovog istra┼żivanja uspore─Ĺuje s drugim srodnim istra┼żivanjima (primjerice, Vrijednosni sustav mladih i dru┼ítvene promjene u Hrvatskoj Instituta za dru┼ítvena istra┼żivanja u Zagrebu i Planiranje obitelji i uloga ┼żene u obitelji Centra za istra┼żivanje tr┼żi┼íta) te zaklju─Źuje da je znatnije promjene u stavovima o rodnoj ravnopravnosti mogu─çe o─Źekivati tek kada se zna─Źajno promjene brojni dru┼ítveni uvjeti koji danas vi┼íe ili manje posredno podr┼żavaju neravnopravnost. Posebno se zala┼że za osiguravanje kvalitetnije mogu─çnosti usagla┼íavanja poslovnih i obiteljskih obveza mu┼íkaraca i ┼żena i to putem otvaranja raznovrsnih uslu┼żnih centara za skrb o djeci i obitelji, te poticanjem o─Źeva da zna─Źajnije participiraju u kori┼ítenju roditeljskog dopusta. (IN ENGLISH: This paper presents results of research which has been within the scope of the scientific project Youth and the European Integration Process, carried out by the Institute for Social Researches in Zagreb (manager: Vlasta Ili┼íin, Ph.D.). The aim of this research is to identify sociocultural factors of the gender equality in Croatian families in order to realize sociocultural circumstances which can contribute towards achieving of the higher level of the gender equality in the Croatian society. The sample of research consists of 3000 representatively chosen Croatian citizens, 15 and more years old. The data were gathered in early 2004. Results have indicated that the majority of examinees express attitudes which support the traditional role of women. These gender equality attitudes statistically significantly depend on the sociocultural characteristics of examinees. The gender equality is more distinctively represented by the younger girls/women which have highest level of the education, by the employed persons with the urban residential status and by the examinees who are less religious and who are not married. The author compares results of research with the other similar researches (for example: The Value System of Youth and Social Changes in Croatia, carried out by the Institute for Social Researches in Zagreb and Family Planning And Role of The Woman In The Family carried out by the Center for Market Research). She concludes that more extensive changes in the gender equality attitudes are possible to expect only when the numerous of social circumstances, which more or less indirectly support the inequality, are changed. She specially advocates for creating better possibilities for the conciliation of professional and family responsibilities of women and men, by opening of various child and family care centers and by the encouraging fathers to take part in the using of parental leave to the greater extent.

    Slobodno vrijeme zagreba─Źkih studenata: prilika za hedonizam ili samoostvarenje

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    Ciljevi segmenta istra┼żivanja koji je prikazan u ovom radu odnose se na stjecanje uvida u specifi─Źnosti slobodnoga vremena studenata Sveu─Źili┼íta u Zagrebu, na spoznavanje njihova odnosa prema konzumiranju sredstava ovisnosti i na analizu mogu─çe povezanosti slobodnoga vremena i konzumiranja sredstava ovisnosti. Utvr─Ĺeno je da studenti uz slobodno vrijeme prete┼żno povezuju zabavne i opu┼ítaju─çe aktivnosti, da u pravilu ┼żele vi┼íe slobodnoga vremena, da su razmjerno tolerantni prema legalnim sredstvima ovisnosti, te da konzumaciju sredstava ovisnosti uglavnom povezuju uz razonodu i ÔÇť uljep┼íavanjeÔÇŁ stvarnosti. Odre─Ĺene razlike u poimanju slobodnoga vremena ustanovljene su s obzirom na spol i podru─Źje znanosti kojega studenti studiraju, a u odnosu na do┼żivljaj konzumiranja sredstava ovisnosti s obzirom na stupanj obrazovanja oca i podru─Źje znanosti kojeg studiraju. Visoki udio ispitanika konzumiranje sredstava ovisnosti povezuje s opu┼ítanjem, zabavom i relaksacijom (┼íto su ujedno i naj─Źe┼í─çe zastupljeni obrasci provo─Ĺenja slobodnoga vremena), ┼íto govori o uskoj povezanosti tih dvaju segmenata socijalnoga profila zagreba─Źkih studenata. Budu─çi da se pokazalo kako bi u slobodno vrijeme ┼íirenju vlastitih spoznaja, kulturi i nekim hobijima vi┼íe vremena posvetio izrazito mali udio ispitanika, u radu se ukazuje na potrebu detaljnijega istra┼żivanja individualnih i socijalnih odrednica ┼żivotnih stilova intelektualne elite mladih. (IN ENGLISH: The segment of research presented in this paper looks at the characteristics of free time of students at the University of Zagreb, their attitude to alcohol, tobacco and drug consumption and the possible connection between the two. It has been established that students associate free time with fun and relaxing activities, they generally want more free time, they show relative tolerance for legal addiction which they mostly connect with having a good time and ÔÇťbrightening upÔÇŁ reality. Certain differences regarding the perception of free time have been observed in relation to gender and the branch of study; regarding alcohol, tobacco or drug consumption, differences have been noted in relation to fatherÔÇÖs education and the branch of study. A large number of respondents associate alcohol, tobacco and drug consumption with relaxation, fun and amusement (which are the most common ways of spending leisure time), thus showing a close connection between these two segments of the social profile of students in Zagreb. Seeing that a very small number of respondents would like to work on their self-awareness, ideas, hobbies or culture in their free time, the paper points to the need for further research into individual and social determination of the young intellectual eliteÔÇÖs lifestyle.

    Serbian and Canadian water quality index of Danube river in Serbia in 2010

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    This paper aims to assess water quality of Danube River in Serbia for 2010. Two methodologies were applied for this purpose: Serbian Water Quality Index (SWQI) and Canadian Water Quality Index (CWQI). WQI value is dimensionless, single number ranging from 0 to 100 (best quality) derived from numerous physical, chemical, biological and microbiological parameters. SWQI was mainly good and very good. This methodology includes parameters for assessment of organic loading, but does not involve parameters of heavy metals concentration. For that purpose CWQI was used. Besides overall, CWQI was calculated for following uses: aquatic habitat, drinking, recreation, irrigation and livestock. Overall CWQI was marginal and fair, which was equivalent with poor and good SWQI. CWQI methodology showed increased concentration of copper in all cases which affected overall water quality and aquatic habitat while increased turbidity in many cases had negative influence on drinking water. Differences between SWQI and CWQI resulted from different methodology: different methods of calculation and parameters. In order to get more comparable results it is necessary to develop unique WQI methodology. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 47007

    Combined Use of Systems Methodologies in Creative Managing the Problem Situations: Key Features, Benefits and Challenges

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    Management problems in contemporary enterprises should be, according to their increasing complexity and diversity, observed and explored as the management problem situations, that is the systems of problems. Creative dealing with these complex, dynamic and ambiguous problem situations implied the development of a great variety of systems approaches to problem solving, i.e. systems methodologies for problem situations structuring. Since no methodology is able to explore all aspects of the complex problem situations in enterprises, the topic of the paper is combined use of systems methodologies in creative managing the problem situations. The goal of this paper is to highlight the key features, benefits and challenges of combining the systems methodologies in creative managing the problem situations in enterprises. Therefore, research in the paper is relied on Critical Systems Thinking as a conceptual framework for combined use of systems methodologies. Despite the limitations of combining the systems methodologies, methodologically appropriate combined use of systems methodologies enables improvement of managing the problem situations in contemporary enterprises. This work is licensed under a&nbsp;Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.</p

    Structure and function of the mitochondrial TIM23 preprotein translocase

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    Effect of bed elevation discordance in the main river on the confluence hydrodynamics in 90o straight-channelsÔÇÖ confluences

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    A role of the difference in bed elevations in the main-river (╬özMR) at its entrance to a 90┬║ straight-channels' confluence is studied numerically using a 3D finite-volume model. Three characteristic hydrological scenarios with DR = {0.250, 0.583, 0.750} are analysed in four confluence layouts having ╬özMR / hd [0.0, 0.50] (where hd stands for the flow depth in the deeper canal at the confluence). It is found that: 1) a portion of the tribu-tary flow in the bottom layers is entrained by the bed-step, 2) the w- velocity has the same order of magnitude as Vxy for ╬özMR Ôëą 0.25hd and DR > 0.5, 3) the opposite bank is endangered by erosion due to strong upward motion along this bank, 4) additional shear layer develops on the outer side of the distorted umax-core and 5) the presence of bed-step favours bed-load transport both in and far downstream of the confluence

    Aloha to Social Studies: an Integrated Curricular Unit

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    In recent years teachers have struggled to find the time to dedicate to teaching social studies concepts. However, social studies instruction is an integral part of a balanced educational program. In addition to imparting factual information, social studies curricula encourage critical thinking skills and help to prepare students to become responsible members of society. This research project was intended to provide educators with a model of how to integrate social studies with other academic areas to maximize instructional time and the amount of content covered. The unit was reviewed by master teachers to ensure that the project goals were attained. Limitations to the project and suggestions for further study were included in Chapter Five

    ┼áKOLSKE WEB STRANICE: MOGU─ćNOST SURADNJE S RODITELJIMA?

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    In the last fifteen years in Croatia, as well as around the world, much research has been done dealing with the importance of cooperation between parents and school, and the obtained results show its importance for all the parties, and that partnership relation between school and parents produces numerous benefits. Besides customary ways of communication like individual talk and parent meetings, written messages, informal meetings, educational workshops, the involvement of parents in the educational process in the role of accessory etc., the most modern way of communicating with parents is via school websites, teacherÔÇÖs websites, e-mails, and SMS messages. The goal of the research was to examine if Croatian schoolsÔÇÖ websites had the content which would prompt the parents for frequent visits and enable pupils to acquire new knowledge. A long term goal was to persuade schools to a regular update of new materials which would result in quality cooperation between home and school, and persuade pupils to do research from their home and therefore increase the quality of learning. The research has randomly selected 25 elementary school websites from the county of Istria, and 25 websites from the county Split ÔÇô Dalmatia. Collected data show that CroatiaÔÇÖs elementary school websites are not a model neither for increasing the cooperation with parents nor laying the foundation towards a new culture of learning, and that there is no statistically significant variation in content between the two counties.Posljednjih petnaestak godina u svjetskoj i hrvatskoj obrazovnoj praksi provedena su brojna istra┼żivanja o va┼żnosti suradnje roditelja sa ┼íkolom a dobiveni rezultati pokazuju da je ona iznimno va┼żna za sve sudionike te da partnerski odnos ┼íkole i roditelja donosi svima vi┼íestruke koristi. Osim uobi─Źajenih na─Źina komuniciranja putem individualnih razgovora i roditeljskih sastanaka, pisanih poruka, neformalnih sastanaka, edukativnih radionica, uklju─Źivanjem roditelja u nastavni proces u ulozi pomaga─Źa i sl., najsuvremeniji na─Źini komunikacije s roditeljima su web stranice ┼íkola, web mjesta u─Źitelja, e-mail i SMS poruke. Cilj istra┼żivanja bio je ispitati imaju li web stranice hrvatskih osnovnih ┼íkola sadr┼żaje koji ─çe potaknuti roditelje na ─Źeste posjete i omogu─çiti u─Źenicima stjecanje novih znanja. Dugoro─Źni je cilj potaknuti ┼íkole na redovito postavljanje novih sadr┼żaja koji ─çe rezultirati kvalitetnom suradnjom doma i ┼íkole te poticati u─Źenike na istra┼żiva─Źki rad iz svojih domova i time unaprje─Ĺivati kvalitetu u─Źenja. Istra┼żivanje je obuhvatilo po 25 web stranica osnovnih ┼íkola iz Istarske i Splitsko-dalmatinske ┼żupanije odabranih slu─Źajnim izborom. Dobiveni rezultati pokazuju da web stranice hrvatskih osnovnih ┼íkola svojim sadr┼żajima nisu model za intenziviranje suradnje s roditeljima te postavljanje temelja novoj kulturi u─Źenja i da ne postoji statisti─Źki zna─Źajna razlika u sadr┼żajima me─Ĺu dvjema ┼żupanijama

    NE)ZADOVOLJSTVO UČITELJA STRUČNIM USAVRŠAVANJEM

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    TeachersÔÇÖ satisfaction with continuing education is one of the key components for a better development and harmonization of continuing education in accordance with contemporary demands and changes in educational systems. The goal of the research was to determine the level of teachersÔÇÖ satisfaction with continuing education. The research comprised 153 participants, teachers in primary education, from different regions (six counties: 1. Split-Dalmatia, 2. ┼áibenik - Knin, 3. Zadar, 4. Istria, 5. Zagreb and 6. Brod-Posavina). Evaluating the satisfaction with the quality of continuing education, most of the participants (44.4%) are both satisfied and dissatisfied with continuing education. It is interesting that, when analyzed by regions, there is no statistically significant difference in evaluations of education provided by the Ministry of Science, Education and Sports and education provided by the Education and Teacher Training Agency, but there are differences in evaluations of non-government associations. Teachers want the contents of continuing education to be in accordance with contemporary educational topics and applicable in practice. One of the most influential factors (54.4%) affecting the selection of continuing education of teachers is the personal professional development plan. Nearly 30% of primary education teachers consider themselves not to be competent enough to develop and monitor basic competences in students. Although most of the participants consider themselves highly competent in development and monitoring of competences that are set by the European Council, it is interesting that there are competences that none of the participants has listed as those that he or she develops most with his or her students (technological knowledge and digital competence).Zadovoljstvo u─Źitelja stru─Źnim usavr┼íavanjem jedna je od klju─Źnih sastavnica za kvalitetniji razvoj i harmonizaciju stru─Źnog usavr┼íavanja u skladu sa suvremenim zahtjevima i promjenama u odgojno-obrazovnim sustavima. Cilj istra┼żivanja bio je utvr─Ĺivanje zadovoljstva u─Źitelja stru─Źnim usavr┼íavanjem. U istra┼żivanju su sudjelovala 153 ispitanika, u─Źitelja razredne nastave, iz razli─Źitih regija (┼íest ┼żupanija: 1. Splitsko-dalmatinska, 2. ┼áibensko-kninska, 3. Zadarska, 4. Istarska, 5. Zagreba─Źka i 6. Brodsko-posavska). Procjenjuju─çi zadovoljstvo kvalitetom stru─Źnog usavr┼íavanja, ve─çina ispitanika (44,4%) je koliko zadovoljna, toliko i nezadovoljna stru─Źnim usavr┼íavanjem. Zanimljivo je da, kada se analizira po regijama, ne postoji statisti─Źki zna─Źajna razlika u procjenama edukacija MZOS-a i Agencije za odgoj i obrazovanje, ali postoje razlike u procjenama nevladinih udruga. U─Źitelji ┼żele da su sadr┼żaji stru─Źnog usavr┼íavanja uskla─Ĺeni sa suvremenim obrazovnim temama te da su primjenjivi u praksi. Jedan od faktora koji najzna─Źajnije utje─Źe (54,4%) na izbor stru─Źnog usavr┼íavanja u─Źitelja je osobni plan profesionalnog razvoja. Gotovo 30% u─Źitelja razredne nastave smatra da nije dovoljno osposobljeno za razvijanje i pra─çenje temeljnih kompetencija kod u─Źenika. Iako ve─çina ispitanika procjenjuje da su dobro osposobljeni u razvijanju i pra─çenju kompetencija koje propisuje Europsko vije─çe, zanimljivo je da postoje kompetencije koje niti jedan ispitanik nije naveo kao one koje najvi┼íe razvija kod svojih u─Źenika (tehnolo┼íko znanje i digitalna komepetencija)

    Priru─Źnik za nositelje produ┼żenog stru─Źnog tretmana u osnovnim i srednjim ┼íkolama

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    Ovaj je Priru─Źnik u osnovi socijalno-pedago┼íki tekst koji u─Źitelje/nastavnike i druge sudionike produ┼żenog stru─Źnog postupka (produ┼żenog stru─Źnog tretmana ÔÇô PST) nastoji tek uvesti u slo┼żenu tematiku tretmana u─Źenika dru┼ítveno neprihvatljivog pona┼íanja. Namijenjen je prvenstveno u─Źiteljima i nastavnicima osnovnih i srednjih ┼íkola koji ─çe biti u situaciji razmatrati mogu─çnost i predlagati da upravo poneki od njihovih u─Źenika budu obuhva─çeni PST-om. Neki od njih, oni koji ─çe pro─çi dodatnu edukaciju, mogu i aktivno sudjelovati u organizaciji i provedbi makar dijela programa PST-a prema pojedinim u─Źenicima. Priru─Źnik omogu─çuje osnovni uvid u etiolo┼íke, fenomenolo┼íke i tretmanske aspekte neprihvatljivih pona┼íanja te u organizacijske, intervencijske i metodi─Źke aspekte PST-a
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